Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Alexanders, Black Lovage, Black Potherb, Horse Parsley
Smyrnium olusatrum

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Smyrnium (SMIR-nee-um) (Info)
Species: olusatrum

One vendor has this plant for sale.

10 members have or want this plant for trade.


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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By kennedyh
Thumbnail #1 of Smyrnium olusatrum by kennedyh

By kennedyh
Thumbnail #2 of Smyrnium olusatrum by kennedyh


No positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral berrygirl On Mar 7, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Has been used throughout time for medicinal purposes. Entire plant can be eaten. Leaves can be substituted for parsley; stems and roots can be used in place of celery; flowers add flavor to salads; and the spicy seeds can be used like pepper. Used in the past to treat asthma, wounds and menstrual problems.

Neutral CatskillKarma On Aug 23, 2005, CatskillKarma from West Kill, NY wrote:

I've tried repeatedly to grow this plant from seed obtained from Nichols nursery. The plants only get so big, then fail. Now I know why! Its too cold here! I'm in zone 4.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Cumming, Georgia
Felida, Washington

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