Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Japanese Fir, Momi Fir
Abies firma

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Abies (A-bees) (Info)
Species: firma (FIR-muh) (Info)

Synonym:Abies bifida
Synonym:Abies momi

One vendor has this plant for sale.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
By grafting

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

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Thumbnail #1 of Abies firma by bjrooks

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3 positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive N2tropicAL On Mar 6, 2010, N2tropicAL from Anniston, AL wrote:

probably the only fir adapted to the deep south, i have three nice specimens in my garden. they never flinch at the summer heat (they have endured many consecutive days over 100F) and continue to gain size. the largest specimen is over 20 feet tall. i have seen this plant in far north alabama and on the gulf coast near mobile. i highly recommend this conifer.

Positive sladeofsky On Mar 2, 2009, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

I'm very impressed with this tree. This evergreen deserves to be more widely grown, especially in the south and midwest. It stands up to heat and clay much better than most conifers. The foliage is beautiful and glossy with interesting toothed tips. There is life beyond Norway Spruce.

Positive paintplumbfix On Jul 15, 2007, paintplumbfix from Kingsport, TN wrote:

I got a little 4" seedling from my daughter after she visited a tree farm 17 years ago. They said they were experimenting wit it as a possible Christmas Tree alternative. Now stands 9 feet tall, conical , extremely full foliage that lends well to shearing. fantastic coloration in absolutely terrible heavy clay/shale, 8 feet from asphalt road. Has been through extreme drought and some pretty devestating late frosts, no damage.

Neutral berrygirl On Mar 16, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Description :
The tallest and most stately fir in Japan, shorter (to 65') in cultivation, this lovely fir has attractive yellow-green needles which are often notched at the tip (unusual in fir needles). Sun-PSh/Med

Leaf Retention : Evergreen
Growth: Slow growth
Uses: Bonsai
Hardiness : 0 to +10F
Origin: Japan
Habit: conical


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Anniston, Alabama
Savannah, Georgia
Taylorsville, Kentucky
Kingsport, Tennessee
Winchester, Tennessee

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