Timothy, Cat's Tail
Phleum pratense

Family: Poaceae (poh-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Phleum (FLEE-um) (Info)
Species: pratense (pray-TEN-see) (Info)
Synonym:Phleum nodosum
Synonym:Phleum pratense var. nodosum
Synonym:Phleum pratense subsp. nodosum

Category:

Ornamental Grasses and Bamboo

Height:

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Spacing:

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Danger:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Rose/Mauve

Violet/Lavender

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Blue-Green

Other details:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Benton, Kentucky

Bowlus, Minnesota

Radford, Virginia

Troy, Virginia

Gardeners' Notes:

2
positives
0
neutrals
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Nov 20, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

When I was young this was a popular hay crop, planted with Mammoth Clover and Korean lespideza. The clover timothy mix was an excellent early hay, with Korean lespideza being the fall crop.

Positive

On May 23, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A common pasture and forage plant throughout North America. It was naturalized from Europe and it's bristly seed head is easy to identify.

It is an exellent hay plant and birds make use of the seeds also.

The seed heads emerge in late spring throughout the summer and into fall. Many farmers get more than one cutting from hay pastures seeded with Timothy. The best nutrition in any hay plant is just as the seed heads are forming, and farmers who are concerned with proper nuitrients for their animals in the winter will cut hay accordingly.