Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F) USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)
Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade
Danger: Pollen may cause allergic reaction
Bloom Color: Magenta (Pink-Purple)
Bloom Time: Mid Spring
Other details: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds Flowers are fragrant Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season
Soil pH requirements: 5.6 to 6.0 (acidic) 6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic) 6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
Patent Information: Non-patented
Propagation Methods: From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall
Seed Collecting: Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
On Aug 16, 2011, HydroPinke from Burien, WA (Zone 7b) wrote:
I came across this plant in seed form on a bank owned lot, I had to grab a few of those seed pods. Now that I know what it is I am still excited to grow some, but am wondering about the comment saying it's invasive. Can you verify this claim? I can't find information about this being a problem here in king county Washington.
That patches I saw were quite small, didn't look very invasive. It's my experience that plants who want to be invasive here don't have trouble doing so with all the rain here.
On Apr 15, 2011, burien_gardener from Burien (SW Seattle), WA (Zone 8b) wrote:
Plant nazis are waaay off base about many non-natives that thrive in the Pacific NW. Lunaria is a beneficial plant and does not overrun native areas. If you're looking for something damaging, check out yellow archangel.
On Mar 29, 2011, seattleboo from Seattle, WA wrote:
Like many who have commented, I have fond memories of the charms of Lunaria as a child. However, I now understand that it is a serious invasive plant here in the NW (I live in Seattle) that actively displaces natives and discourages diversity in local greenbelts. Yes, it is easy and re-seeds readily. That's the problem. No one, at least around here, should actively cultivate Lunaria. Along with another herbaceous invasive, Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata), Money Plant should be removed wherever encountered. There are too many great plants to be encouraging a trouble maker like Lunaria. Take a minute to read about invasives in your area, it may change your thinking.
On Mar 27, 2011, themikeman from Concord, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:
I love silver dollar money plants..not only do these plants make these neat silver seed pods but they have these beautiful medium purple flowers..my mother and grandmother had these when i was a small kid in upstate ny..these bring back really good memories for me..peace..mike.
Summer 2009 volunteer in alley turned from silver/white seed heads to INTENSE magenta! Husband picked and brought indoors to me. Later others nearby turned same color and I collected a stunning bouquet. These volunteers have been in alley for many years but never developed this striking color.
TO THE OTHER TACOMA GROWER: Do you think the unusual color was due to the crazy weather we experienced last year?
Some bouquet color has dissipated over the year it has sat infront of a window so I have collected and scattered seeds in hopes of a repeat of '09 color. . .or just silver/white pods are nice too.
On Mar 25, 2010, lehua_mc from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:
While many have positive experiences with this plant, I unfairly want to share my very neutral experience. It is not negative, since it isn't the plants fault!
I grew my Lunaria from seed, near my hollyhocks, also from seed. I left the garden in charge of a novice for a week, who likely sprayed water hither and thither, overhead, happily. This is unconfirmed. When I returned, the hollyhocks and Lunaria were sick, with rusts, but of course of different kinds. Lunaria gets a white rust on the underside of the leaves which apparently is the same stuff commerical growers of radishes deal with in our area. They looked hellish, but remained their biannual selves all winter without any concern for the cold snaps. Now they are flowering, and no I haven't waged war of any kind since no other plants (genus species) are likely to be affected. They are however not prized possessions, and look more like a vegetable I wouldn't want to eat.
On Sep 5, 2009, caroleigh from Ocean Springs, MS wrote:
These plants were grown in my mother's garden in McLean N.Y.. They make wonderful and striking bouquets. I am now attempting to grow them here in the deep South near Biloxi Mississippi. I will scatter the seeds and see what happens in the spring, and will report back next year 2010. Carol Tucker, Vancleave Mississippi
On Jul 7, 2008, jr4335 from Jacksonville, FL wrote:
I have very fond memories of this plant from my grandparents' house in Cleveland, Ohio. My grandmother always had dried arrangements and I would like to as well but I live in a condo and have no way to plant outside.
On Apr 18, 2008, gray_53 from Mcdonough, GA wrote:
Mine are strictly annuals (unless they are secretly regenerating from the roots). The flowers are a deep purple. If you didn't already know, the seeds germinate very well when you simply scatter them on the ground in zone 7b. I don't have much else to add.
On Nov 28, 2007, SandyRN from Blackwood, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:
Very pretty here in South Jersey. I had much better luck letting plants self-sow than trying to germinate packets indoors. I feel that they look a little ratty after blooming and take a long time for seeds to mature. Next year, I think I'll pull them after bloom, go buy some packets and sprinkle them outdoors.
I have these silver dollar plants taking over in my front yard in Lackawanna, NY, an outskirt of Buffalo. I want to put them in the back of my front garden and have them as a nice back drop to a bunch of spring bulbs I purchased just recently. When they seeded, they must have blown against my pave stones because they are taking over the front part of my garden, but they are so tall, they will block everything else I want in there.
This is one of my very favorite flowers. It self-sows, even in dry shade, obligingly but not thuggishly. It also does the favor of fading into the background shortly after its bloom, except for those beautiful seed heads.
I like it in early bouquets with blue scilla and daylily leaves.
On Mar 10, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:
In working the Lunaria bed today, it reminded
me to make a post about it.
I have Lunaria self sowing in a shady spot under
a huge black walnut tree, so it is obviously not
bothered by the tree's toxins or the shade produced
by such a grand tree.
The only thing I did notice worth mentioning today is
that it seems the Lunaria don't really have much
of a foothold on the soil when they are young. They
are sort of floppy and not very secure in the soil, so
I felt the need to dig a deeper hole and transplant
a few of the babies. They have been performing,
blooming and reproducing just fine without my help
all this time, I guess I'm just being fussy.
Indeed gorgeous in bloom, amazing when the the
pods develop and as a bonus, the dried stems make
a wonderful everlasting arrangement when the thin
layers are peeled from the seed pods, revealing the
shiny pearl-like surface beneath the skin and seeds.
I'll always have a place for Lunaria in my gardens.
Last spring, I visited an elegant garden with one section that consisted of two matching flower borders facing each other across a wide grassy path and with trellises all along the backs of both sides with climbing roses and clematis not yet blooming. What was blooming were repeated clumps of the very double, blowsy, white Festiva Maxima peony paired with lilac flowers of lunaria - unforgettable.
My own garden has several adversarial issues, including limited space, a monster silver maple encroaching on my flowers, occasional droughts and dry spells - and critters - woodchucks, rabbits and occasional deer that manage to bust through the fence. The toughness and beauty of this plant triumphs over all.
A friend of mine just asked me for advice on how to germinate Lunaria annua seeds, here's advice from the 2nd edition of Norman C. Deno's book, "Seed Germination Theory and Practice" mixed with my own experience.
When I first bought the seed, I sowed it indoors 30 days before last frost around April 1 in cell packs which were covered in transparent Saran wrap (light is needed) and then put them outdoors as soon as they germinated - minus the plastic. I like to time that technique so that seedlings can go right outdoors around the time of last frost (in mid-April) or later for the extra aeration they need to avoid damp-off fungus.
Unbeknownst to me at the time, according to Deno, one reason my seeds successfully germinated might have been the fact that dry-storing Lunaria annua seeds for 6 months enables them to germinate better at both 70*F and 40*F. So, when I received seeds that winter, I also could have wintersown them or direct sown them the following fall. Both of these techniques are much more fool-proof against damping-off fungus problems with germinating seeds than the first technique.
A couple of notes regarding the above:
-- When sowing seeds in pots under plastic, do it indoors under cool types of fluorescents or gro-lites, because direct sun or other types of lights will cook the seeds under the plastic.
-- According to HillGardens.com Lunaria annua seed can be viable for 2 - 3 years when stored under optimum conditions.
-- If all fails, find someone on DG who is already growing this plant, and around July, ask them if they'll send you a branch or some pods after they completely ripened and turned brown. Seed collected while still partially green doesn't germinate as well.
This is a plant that looks good at all stages . . . from being full of beautiful purple flowers to little "pods" that become "silver dollars." Even though this is a moisture loving plant, it didn't let the dry, sandy conditions of my sedum bed slow it down!
These were growing around my house already when I moved in some 13 years ago and, despite my crafts friends coming up to collect the seed pods, the plant continues on and comes up in random patches every year - very hardy and prolific! I had organized a planting in a prepared bed, they were doing very well until my sweet husband mowed them down. Still, I'll start over with seeds from all the plants in the woods. (Fencing is in order for next spring) Exceptional height, color and fragrance.
they grow great in humboldt county. I have purple and white ones but have never seen yellow. Drying the pods thoroughly is the key to getting the silver dollars. My plants come back twice a summer and some do not die in the winter. They are definatly perennials here in the Bear Valley.
The first year I got some purple seeds from a friend, only a few plants came up, but they were purple. The next year I opened the dried seed pods and cast the seeds, but every single plant but one was completely white! Since then I have bought 2 packages of "purple" seeds and they always come out white no matter what. They are prolific growers in my yard and even grow in the grass, but I want PURPLE ones.
On May 17, 2004, wnstarr from Puyallup, WA (Zone 5a) wrote:
The Money Plant or Honesty is a plant that has excaped from the flower beds into the wilds. It is found here in small to large plantings along the road or the edge of the woods. It is very hardy, has a wonderful purple-blue flower and is followed by the seed pods. Once the seeds have dried and the husks are slid off you have the thin transparent "money". Looks fantastic as a dried plant in arrangements. It is very attractive to butterflies and humming birds.
On May 16, 2004, verdiway from Clarkston, GA wrote:
Extremely hardy plant in both my shade and sunny gardens here in Atlanta. In fact, it's about to take over in some places. Lovely flourescent blooms at sunset. I recommend these plants for those spots where nothing else wants to grow.
On Apr 14, 2004, herbman75 from Cornelia, GA wrote:
Reliable re-seeder for zone 7b. Tough as nails here in north Georgia. Have witnessed plants growing in cracks in my grandmothers brick patio. Just toss a handful of seed in a corner of the garden and watch them go!
One of my favorite plants. Unfortunately, between my garden phlox crowding it out and hungry chipmunks, I have gone from a small bed of money plants to just one lone survivor :-(
I'm definitely thinning out the garden phlox AND collecting the money plant seed this year. The chipmunks are going to have to look elsewhere for lunch!
On Aug 15, 2003, Minette from Ottawa ontario Canada wrote:
I recently found out about this plant, when my sister (a plant fanatic) went for a walk down her street and came home with a cutting of this plant. We didn't know what it was but I wanted it real bad, so she gave it to me...hehe.
I just love it and I wanted more. To our surprise, the woman across the street from her is growing many Silver dollar plants. She was sweet enough to give me some seeds and a few cuttings, but didnt want to part with anymore... She showed me how the leaves come apart to reveal a beautiful silk like coin. Her hubby came walking up in front of me with a bouquet of Silver Dollars already peeled - WOWWWWWW...BEAUTFUL!
On Aug 7, 2003, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:
I wouldn't be without this plant--it's the only plant of decent height blooming in April in my garden. The more I have the better! Plus I love the seed pods for decoration. I don't find that they last very well or look attractive in the garden, so I go ahead and cut down the dried stems and pods.
On Jul 25, 2003, vagardener from Springfield, VA wrote:
It was planted in a perennial border garden a year ago in early summer and did not bloom. It returned this year and provided some nice early color and foliage. It is establishing nicely in partial shade. I did not harvest the seed pods, because I liked how the silver contrasts against the taller perennials.
On Jul 24, 2003, mom2cats from Moorestown, NJ (Zone 7b) wrote:
This plant grows extremely well here in NJ (near Philadelphia) -- zone 6/7a. I enjoy seeing it's bright lavender phlox-like flowers first thing each spring. It always comes back annually, and is super easy to grow.
On Aug 9, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:
This plant's common name comes from the dried fruit, called silicles. When dried, the green outer covering peels off to reveal the silvery translucent "silver dollars."
Technically a biennial, it may live for 2-3 years; can become weedy.
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
, (4 reports) Bass River, Sittingbourne, Hazel Green, Alabama Juneau, Alaska Conway, Arkansas Magnet Cove, Arkansas Searcy, Arkansas Alameda, California Bayview, California Hyampom, California Merced, California Richmond, California San Francisco, California Stockton, California Fort Collins, Colorado Highlands Ranch, Colorado Bantam, Connecticut Bridgeport, Connecticut Old Lyme, Connecticut De Land, Florida Ferry Pass, Florida Blacksville, Georgia Braselton, Georgia Cornelia, Georgia Dallas, Georgia Nicholson, Georgia Snellville, Georgia Villa Rica, Georgia Lewiston, Idaho Jacksonville, Illinois Washington, Illinois Bremen, Indiana Crows Nest, Indiana Gowrie, Iowa Inwood, Iowa Ewing, Kentucky Finchville, Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky Litchfield, Maine Compton, Maryland Cresaptown-bel Air, Maryland Ellicott City, Maryland Finksburg, Maryland Kemp Mill, Maryland Linthicum, Maryland Millersville, Maryland Feeding Hills, Massachusetts Halifax, Massachusetts Reading, Massachusetts Brown City, Michigan Canadian Lakes, Michigan Mason, Michigan Owosso, Michigan Pinconning, Michigan South Lyon, Michigan Andover, Minnesota Fridley, Minnesota Young America, Minnesota Marietta, Mississippi Beach Haven West, New Jersey Jersey City, New Jersey Manasquan, New Jersey Ramblewood, New Jersey , New York Elba, New York Lackawanna, New York New Cassel, New York Oceanside, New York West Islip, New York Banner Elk, North Carolina Concord, North Carolina Elrod, North Carolina Mooresville, North Carolina Tryon, North Carolina Dayton, Ohio Glouster, Ohio Enid, Oklahoma Hulbert, Oklahoma Altamont, Oregon Gold Hill, Oregon Portland, Oregon Salem, Oregon Greensburg, Pennsylvania Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (2 reports) Wilkes-barre, Pennsylvania Tiverton, Rhode Island West Warwick, Rhode Island Conway, South Carolina Florence, South Carolina Greenville, South Carolina India Hook, South Carolina Columbia, Tennessee Franklin, Tennessee Hendersonville, Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee Lenoir City, Tennessee Maryville, Tennessee Austin, Texas Eagle Mountain, Texas Fort Worth, Texas Taylor, Texas West Valley City, Utah Mechanicsville, Virginia Norfolk, Virginia Roanoke, Virginia West Springfield, Virginia Chimacum, Washington Edgewood, Washington North Sultan, Washington Olympia, Washington Seattle, Washington Spokane, Washington Tacoma, Washington (2 reports) Pleasant Valley, West Virginia Ridgeley, West Virginia Ellsworth, Wisconsin Sundance, Wyoming