Money Plant, Honesty, Bolbonac, Moonwort, Silver Dollar
Lunaria annua

Family: Brassicaceae (brass-ih-KAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lunaria (loo-NAIR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: annua (AN-yoo-uh) (Info)
Synonym:Lunaria biennis
View this plant in a garden

Category:

Biennials

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us

Height:

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Spacing:

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:

Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Magenta (Pink-Purple)

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Foliage:

Herbaceous

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (4 reports)

Adana,

Bass River,

Sittingbourne,

Hazel Green, Alabama

Juneau, Alaska

Bella Vista, Arkansas

Conway, Arkansas

Malvern, Arkansas

Pottsville, Arkansas

Searcy, Arkansas

Alameda, California

Eureka, California

Hyampom, California

Merced, California

Placerville, California

Richmond, California

San Francisco, California

Stockton, California

Fort Collins, Colorado

Littleton, Colorado

Bantam, Connecticut

Bridgeport, Connecticut

Old Lyme, Connecticut

Deland, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Braselton, Georgia

Cornelia, Georgia

Dallas, Georgia

Mcdonough, Georgia

Nicholson, Georgia

Snellville, Georgia

Villa Rica, Georgia

Lewiston, Idaho

Jacksonville, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Bremen, Indiana

Indianapolis, Indiana

Gowrie, Iowa

Inwood, Iowa

Ewing, Kentucky

Finchville, Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky

Litchfield, Maine

Compton, Maryland

Cumberland, Maryland

Ellicott City, Maryland

Finksburg, Maryland

Linthicum Heights, Maryland

Millersville, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Halifax, Massachusetts

Reading, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Brown City, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

South Lyon, Michigan

Stanwood, Michigan

Andover, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Young America, Minnesota

Marietta, Mississippi

Jersey City, New Jersey

Manahawkin, New Jersey

Manasquan, New Jersey

Mount Laurel, New Jersey

Buffalo, New York

Elba, New York

Oceanside, New York

Staten Island, New York

West Islip, New York

Westbury, New York

Banner Elk, North Carolina

Clayton, North Carolina

Concord, North Carolina

Graham, North Carolina

Greensboro, North Carolina

Mooresville, North Carolina

Rowland, North Carolina

Tryon, North Carolina

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Dayton, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Enid, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Altamont, Oregon

Gold Hill, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Greensburg, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (2 reports)

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Tiverton, Rhode Island

West Warwick, Rhode Island

Conway, South Carolina

Florence, South Carolina

Greenville, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Columbia, Tennessee

Franklin, Tennessee

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Knoxville, Tennessee

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Maryville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports)

Taylor, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

Leesburg, Virginia

Mechanicsville, Virginia

Norfolk, Virginia

Roanoke, Virginia

Springfield, Virginia

Chimacum, Washington

North Sultan, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Puyallup, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Tacoma, Washington (2 reports)

Ridgeley, West Virginia

Wheeling, West Virginia

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

Sundance, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

25
positives
6
neutrals
1
negative
RatingContent
Positive

On May 20, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A self-sowing biennial that blooms in that awkward time after the tulips have finished and before the peonies and bearded iris. Flowers are white or purple. The white form has been given the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

There are seed strains with handsomely variegated foliage---white on the margins---but the variegation only appears in the second year.

Combines beautifully with Camassia and Allium 'Purple Sensation'. Pretty, easy, and adaptable. Tolerates considerable shade or full sun here.

Taprooted, and with few fibrous roots, this plant is notoriously difficult to transplant, even when young, and does best when seed is scattered where it's wanted.

I find it is easily controlled in the garden.
<... read more

Positive

On May 19, 2014, LanfrancoLeo from Harrisburg, PA wrote:

Very nice plant for a early-mid spring blooming garden!
It is a true biennial plant, that can handle very well winter here in Harrisburg PA (area 7). Bloom profusely for more than 3 weeks, with a slightly - almost nonexistent scent. During the first year I gave a great amount of nitrogen that allows to develop a huge cluster of flower this year. The following pods are pretty interesting. I will definitively replant next year and hope that some spontaneous self-saw volunteer appear in the right place of my garden. I have to mention that in some neglected garden tend to naturalize, but since its biennial habit and the easy -to-detect seedpods I do not believe is that difficult to keep under control especially in a small garden.

Positive

On Jul 5, 2013, wakingdream from Allentown, PA wrote:

This biennial thrives in my eastern PA garden, zone 6. Year one is a basal rosette of heart shaped leaves with scalloped edges. Year two is a tall stalk of either white or rosy-purple 4 petaled flowers, slightly fragrant, looking very nice with daffodils and other early spring flowers. It dies afterward, there is no third year except from seedlings thrown off by dry, white, mature stalks. When it self sows too much, I pull it out at any stage, the rosettes of year 1 or the taller stalks of year 2, or I make bouquets after pulling the whole plant. In year 2, the white taproot is substantial, starchy and thick. If the number of stalks drying in the disk stage are too tall or numerous in the beds, I thin the patch and compost what's removed (prior to seed maturity). I husk the dried disks by... read more

Neutral

On Aug 16, 2011, HydroPinke from Burien, WA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I came across this plant in seed form on a bank owned lot, I had to grab a few of those seed pods. Now that I know what it is I am still excited to grow some, but am wondering about the comment saying it's invasive. Can you verify this claim? I can't find information about this being a problem here in king county Washington.

That patches I saw were quite small, didn't look very invasive. It's my experience that plants who want to be invasive here don't have trouble doing so with all the rain here.

Neutral

On Apr 15, 2011, burien_gardener from Burien (SW Seattle), WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Plant nazis are waaay off base about many non-natives that thrive in the Pacific NW. Lunaria is a beneficial plant and does not overrun native areas. If you're looking for something damaging, check out yellow archangel.

Negative

On Mar 29, 2011, seattleboo from Seattle, WA wrote:

Like many who have commented, I have fond memories of the charms of Lunaria as a child. However, I now understand that it is a serious invasive plant here in the NW (I live in Seattle) that actively displaces natives and discourages diversity in local greenbelts. Yes, it is easy and re-seeds readily. That's the problem. No one, at least around here, should actively cultivate Lunaria. Along with another herbaceous invasive, Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata), Money Plant should be removed wherever encountered. There are too many great plants to be encouraging a trouble maker like Lunaria. Take a minute to read about invasives in your area, it may change your thinking.

Positive

On Mar 27, 2011, themikeman from Concord, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

I love silver dollar money plants..not only do these plants make these neat silver seed pods but they have these beautiful medium purple flowers..my mother and grandmother had these when i was a small kid in upstate ny..these bring back really good memories for me..peace..mike.

Positive

On Apr 28, 2010, J_and_J from Tacoma, WA wrote:

Summer 2009 volunteer in alley turned from silver/white seed heads to INTENSE magenta! Husband picked and brought indoors to me. Later others nearby turned same color and I collected a stunning bouquet. These volunteers have been in alley for many years but never developed this striking color.

TO THE OTHER TACOMA GROWER: Do you think the unusual color was due to the crazy weather we experienced last year?

Some bouquet color has dissipated over the year it has sat infront of a window so I have collected and scattered seeds in hopes of a repeat of '09 color. . .or just silver/white pods are nice too.

Neutral

On Mar 25, 2010, lehua_mc from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

While many have positive experiences with this plant, I unfairly want to share my very neutral experience. It is not negative, since it isn't the plants fault!
I grew my Lunaria from seed, near my hollyhocks, also from seed. I left the garden in charge of a novice for a week, who likely sprayed water hither and thither, overhead, happily. This is unconfirmed. When I returned, the hollyhocks and Lunaria were sick, with rusts, but of course of different kinds. Lunaria gets a white rust on the underside of the leaves which apparently is the same stuff commerical growers of radishes deal with in our area. They looked hellish, but remained their biannual selves all winter without any concern for the cold snaps. Now they are flowering, and no I haven't waged war of any kind since no othe... read more

Neutral

On Sep 5, 2009, caroleigh from Ocean Springs, MS wrote:

These plants were grown in my mother's garden in McLean N.Y.. They make wonderful and striking bouquets. I am now attempting to grow them here in the deep South near Biloxi Mississippi. I will scatter the seeds and see what happens in the spring, and will report back next year 2010. Carol Tucker, Vancleave Mississippi

Positive

On Jul 7, 2008, jr4335 from Jacksonville, FL wrote:

I have very fond memories of this plant from my grandparents' house in Cleveland, Ohio. My grandmother always had dried arrangements and I would like to as well but I live in a condo and have no way to plant outside.

Positive

On Apr 18, 2008, gray_53 from Mcdonough, GA wrote:

Mine are strictly annuals (unless they are secretly regenerating from the roots). The flowers are a deep purple. If you didn't already know, the seeds germinate very well when you simply scatter them on the ground in zone 7b. I don't have much else to add.

Positive

On Nov 28, 2007, SandyRN from Blackwood, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Very pretty here in South Jersey. I had much better luck letting plants self-sow than trying to germinate packets indoors. I feel that they look a little ratty after blooming and take a long time for seeds to mature. Next year, I think I'll pull them after bloom, go buy some packets and sprinkle them outdoors.

Positive

On Sep 25, 2007, mbkijb from Buffalo, NY wrote:

I have these silver dollar plants taking over in my front yard in Lackawanna, NY, an outskirt of Buffalo. I want to put them in the back of my front garden and have them as a nice back drop to a bunch of spring bulbs I purchased just recently. When they seeded, they must have blown against my pave stones because they are taking over the front part of my garden, but they are so tall, they will block everything else I want in there.

Positive

On May 23, 2007, jazzyl from Chickamauga, GA (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant is the early beacon for the hummers and honey bees in spring. It is a great naturalizer. I have a white blooming variety.

Positive

On Mar 31, 2007, girlndocs from Tacoma, WA wrote:

This is one of my very favorite flowers. It self-sows, even in dry shade, obligingly but not thuggishly. It also does the favor of fading into the background shortly after its bloom, except for those beautiful seed heads.

I like it in early bouquets with blue scilla and daylily leaves.

Positive

On Mar 10, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

In working the Lunaria bed today, it reminded
me to make a post about it.

I have Lunaria self sowing in a shady spot under
a huge black walnut tree, so it is obviously not
bothered by the tree's toxins or the shade produced
by such a grand tree.

The only thing I did notice worth mentioning today is
that it seems the Lunaria don't really have much
of a foothold on the soil when they are young. They
are sort of floppy and not very secure in the soil, so
I felt the need to dig a deeper hole and transplant
a few of the babies. They have been performing,
blooming and reproducing just fine without my help
all this time, I guess I'm just being fussy.

Indeed gorgeous in bloom,... read more

Positive

On Jan 19, 2007, bluespiral from (Zone 7a) wrote:

Last spring, I visited an elegant garden with one section that consisted of two matching flower borders facing each other across a wide grassy path and with trellises all along the backs of both sides with climbing roses and clematis not yet blooming. What was blooming were repeated clumps of the very double, blowsy, white Festiva Maxima peony paired with lilac flowers of lunaria - unforgettable.

My own garden has several adversarial issues, including limited space, a monster silver maple encroaching on my flowers, occasional droughts and dry spells - and critters - woodchucks, rabbits and occasional deer that manage to bust through the fence. The toughness and beauty of this plant triumphs over all.

------------------------------------

A frie... read more

Positive

On Jan 27, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

This is a plant that looks good at all stages . . . from being full of beautiful purple flowers to little "pods" that become "silver dollars." Even though this is a moisture loving plant, it didn't let the dry, sandy conditions of my sedum bed slow it down!

Positive

On Aug 18, 2005, diwill from Wheeling, WV wrote:

These were growing around my house already when I moved in some 13 years ago and, despite my crafts friends coming up to collect the seed pods, the plant continues on and comes up in random patches every year - very hardy and prolific! I had organized a planting in a prepared bed, they were doing very well until my sweet husband mowed them down. Still, I'll start over with seeds from all the plants in the woods. (Fencing is in order for next spring) Exceptional height, color and fragrance.

Positive

On May 17, 2004, buzzy from Ferndale, CA wrote:

they grow great in humboldt county. I have purple and white ones but have never seen yellow. Drying the pods thoroughly is the key to getting the silver dollars. My plants come back twice a summer and some do not die in the winter. They are definatly perennials here in the Bear Valley.

Positive

On May 17, 2004, pungo from Norfolk, VA wrote:

The first year I got some purple seeds from a friend, only a few plants came up, but they were purple. The next year I opened the dried seed pods and cast the seeds, but every single plant but one was completely white! Since then I have bought 2 packages of "purple" seeds and they always come out white no matter what. They are prolific growers in my yard and even grow in the grass, but I want PURPLE ones.

Neutral

On May 17, 2004, wnstarr from Puyallup, WA (Zone 5a) wrote:

Edgewood, Wa
The Money Plant or Honesty is a plant that has excaped from the flower beds into the wilds. It is found here in small to large plantings along the road or the edge of the woods. It is very hardy, has a wonderful purple-blue flower and is followed by the seed pods. Once the seeds have dried and the husks are slid off you have the thin transparent "money". Looks fantastic as a dried plant in arrangements. It is very attractive to butterflies and humming birds.

Positive

On May 16, 2004, verdiway from Clarkston, GA wrote:

Extremely hardy plant in both my shade and sunny gardens here in Atlanta. In fact, it's about to take over in some places. Lovely flourescent blooms at sunset. I recommend these plants for those spots where nothing else wants to grow.

Positive

On May 10, 2004, IowaGal2 from Gowrie, IA wrote:

Planted seeds last spring and had nice plants, this year they bloomed in early spring. So pretty! I live in Iowa which is Zone 4

Positive

On Apr 14, 2004, herbman75 from Cornelia, GA wrote:

Reliable re-seeder for zone 7b. Tough as nails here in north Georgia. Have witnessed plants growing in cracks in my grandmothers brick patio. Just toss a handful of seed in a corner of the garden and watch them go!

Positive

On Aug 23, 2003, OMMD wrote:

One of my favorite plants. Unfortunately, between my garden phlox crowding it out and hungry chipmunks, I have gone from a small bed of money plants to just one lone survivor :-(
I'm definitely thinning out the garden phlox AND collecting the money plant seed this year. The chipmunks are going to have to look elsewhere for lunch!

Positive

On Aug 15, 2003, Minette from Ottawa ontario
Canada wrote:

I recently found out about this plant, when my sister (a plant fanatic) went for a walk down her street and came home with a cutting of this plant. We didn't know what it was but I wanted it real bad, so she gave it to me...hehe.

I just love it and I wanted more. To our surprise, the woman across the street from her is growing many Silver dollar plants. She was sweet enough to give me some seeds and a few cuttings, but didnt want to part with anymore... She showed me how the leaves come apart to reveal a beautiful silk like coin. Her hubby came walking up in front of me with a bouquet of Silver Dollars already peeled - WOWWWWWW...BEAUTFUL!

Positive

On Aug 7, 2003, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

I wouldn't be without this plant--it's the only plant of decent height blooming in April in my garden. The more I have the better! Plus I love the seed pods for decoration. I don't find that they last very well or look attractive in the garden, so I go ahead and cut down the dried stems and pods.

Positive

On Jul 25, 2003, vagardener from Springfield, VA wrote:

It was planted in a perennial border garden a year ago in early summer and did not bloom. It returned this year and provided some nice early color and foliage. It is establishing nicely in partial shade. I did not harvest the seed pods, because I liked how the silver contrasts against the taller perennials.

Positive

On Jul 24, 2003, mom2cats from Moorestown, NJ (Zone 7b) wrote:

This plant grows extremely well here in NJ (near Philadelphia) -- zone 6/7a. I enjoy seeing it's bright lavender phlox-like flowers first thing each spring. It always comes back annually, and is super easy to grow.

Neutral

On Aug 9, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant's common name comes from the dried fruit, called silicles. When dried, the green outer covering peels off to reveal the silvery translucent "silver dollars."

Technically a biennial, it may live for 2-3 years; can become weedy.