Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Mexican Hats, Grey Headed Coneflower, Upright Prairie Coneflower, Yellow Coneflower, Red Hats
Ratibida columnifera

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ratibida (ruh-TIB-ih-duh) (Info)
Species: columnifera (kol-um-NEE-fer-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Ratibida columnaris
Synonym:Ratibida columnifera var. pulcherrima
Synonym:Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima
Synonym:Rudbeckia columnaris
Synonym:Rudbeckia columnifera

11 vendors have this plant for sale.

85 members have or want this plant for trade.

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24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Scarlet (Dark Red)
Gold (Yellow-Orange)
Bright Yellow
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
This plant is resistant to deer
Flowers are good for cutting

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

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There are a total of 46 photos.
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8 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Xenomorf On Jul 5, 2007, Xenomorf from Valley of the Sun, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Ratibida columnaris var. pulcherrima (The red petaled variety).....Seen growing along the side of the road between Concho & Showlow, Arizona. Apache County, Highway 61, June 30th, mid Summer, zone 6b, elevation 6300 ft.

Neutral darylmitchell On Jun 8, 2007, darylmitchell from Saskatoon, SK (Zone 3a) wrote:

This plant's native range extends to the northern plains, and is quite common where I live in Saskatchewan.

Positive frostweed On May 23, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnifera is a lovely wildflower Native to Texas and other States.

Positive flowercrazy39 On Sep 3, 2005, flowercrazy39 from Manchester, NH wrote:

I'm growing the Prairie Coneflower and it's bloomed this first season from seed. Very nice and easy to maintain.

Positive bggarden1 On Apr 7, 2005, bggarden1 from Olive Branch, IL (Zone 6b) wrote:

started from seed. Now 4 years old . One of my favorite wild flowers. Was surprised it started so easy from seed.

Positive saya On Mar 2, 2005, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a lovely gardenplant and seldom seen overhere in Netherlands. It's droughtresistant, likes sun and has a very long bloomingperiod...looking nice in all stages... even with spent flowers. I hope it 's a perennial overhere.
If not...I 'm sure I 'll sow it again.

Neutral tcfromky On Oct 11, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant is adapted to a wide variety of soils but prefers soils which are well drained. It is drought hardy.

American Indians used the leaves and stems to make a tea to treat a variety of ailments,two of which were stomachaches and headaches. The Cheyennes used a solution made by boiling the leaves and stems to treat rattlesnake bites and relieve poison ivy, also.

Positive melody On Sep 6, 2004, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A great little wildflower that seems to always put in an apperance along the roadways and medians.

It re-seeds and returns like clockwork and you can always count on it to perform. There are few pests that find it attractive, so it always looks nice.

Positive Wingnut On Jun 15, 2004, Wingnut from Spicewood, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

One of my favorite wildflowers. This plant laughs at our Texas heat and drought ~ sails right through it with nary a hiccup.

Positive Chili On Jul 22, 2002, Chili from Raleigh, NC wrote:

very durable perennial. original plants are 13 years old now (from seed) and continue to perform like clockwork. I have two colors, a solid yellow and a rust/yellow mix. I think they are both columnifera based on the foliage although I am not certain. blooms all summer long. mixes very well with miscanthus and hemerocallis


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

, (3 reports)
Auburn, Alabama
Concho, Arizona
Maricopa, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona
Bigelow, Arkansas
Morrilton, Arkansas
Anderson, California
Hesperia, California
Merced, California
Richmond, California
Sacramento, California
Beulah Valley, Colorado
Kiowa, Colorado
Montrose, Colorado
Coral Springs, Florida
Fruitville, Florida
High Springs, Florida
Inverness, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida
Tallahassee, Florida
Atlanta, Georgia
Suwanee, Georgia
Boise City, Idaho
Bolingbrook, Illinois
Crystal Lawns, Illinois
Itasca, Illinois
Olive Branch, Illinois
Palmyra, Illinois
Waukegan, Illinois
Delphi, Indiana
Indianola, Iowa
Pacific Junction, Iowa
Derby, Kansas
Barbourville, Kentucky
Benton, Kentucky
Ewing, Kentucky
Louisville, Kentucky
Taylorsville, Kentucky
Bossier City, Louisiana
Greenwell Springs, Louisiana
Zachary, Louisiana
Foxborough, Massachusetts
Ferrysburg, Michigan
Mason, Michigan
Anoka, Minnesota
Fridley, Minnesota
Mathiston, Mississippi
Lincoln, Nebraska
Henderson, Nevada
Las Vegas, Nevada
Pinardville, New Hampshire
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Mesquite, New Mexico
Roswell, New Mexico
Clifton Park, New York
Pittsford, New York
Garner, North Carolina
Belfield, North Dakota
Fremont, Ohio
Fruit Hill, Ohio
Glouster, Ohio
Haviland, Ohio
Saint Martin, Ohio
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Sayre, Pennsylvania
Seven Oaks, South Carolina
Middle Valley, Tennessee
, Texas
Austin, Texas
Briarcliff, Texas
Buffalo, Texas
Bulverde, Texas
Carrollton, Texas
Comanche, Texas
Cross Mountain, Texas
Dallas, Texas
Dalworthington Gardens, Texas
De Leon, Texas
Denison, Texas
Desoto, Texas
Frisco, Texas
Garland, Texas
Haltom City, Texas
Hemphill, Texas
Huntsville, Texas
Kerrville, Texas
Lake Brownwood, Texas
Lake Worth, Texas
Palm Valley, Texas
Princeton, Texas
San Antonio, Texas
Scenic Oaks, Texas
Spring Branch, Texas
Farr West, Utah
Magna, Utah
Mount Olympus, Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah
Sterling, Virginia (2 reports)
Clarkston, Washington
Kalama, Washington
Millwood, Washington
Vancouver, Washington
Brookhaven, West Virginia
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Bessemer Bend, Wyoming

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