Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Osage Orange, Bois d'arc, Bodock Tree, Horse Apple, Hedge Apple
Maclura pomifera 'Whiteshield'

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Maclura (muh-KLOO-ruh) (Info)
Species: pomifera (pom-EE-fer-uh) (Info)
Cultivar: Whiteshield

One vendor has this plant for sale.

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


Unknown - Tell us

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)
over 40 ft. (12 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:
Pale Green

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive estauch On May 31, 2012, estauch from White Settlement, TX wrote:

I recently moved from a house in Sanger, TX that was built in either the late 1890s or very early 1900s. This 2,500 sq. ft. home still rests on the original piers, which are Bois d'arc stumps set in the ground. They are still extremely hard and solid over 100 years later. While cutting firewood one year, I accidently cut into a bois d'arc branch and was amazed at the bright orange wood. I took a piece and made a decoration with my table saw. My saw was in a tool shed with a dirt floor which means there were LOTS of bugs in it! Of course after sawing the Bois d'arc, there now was lots of sawdust on the ground. I noticed that for months and months afterwards, I didn't see any insects or spiders in my shed, so yes, it is an insect repellent. If you take the 'apples' and cut them in quarters and spread them under your house (pier and beam only, of course), they will keep the insects away. You can also spread cut up apples around the foundation to keep termintes away also. No, Bois d'arc does not burn very well at all, and does spark a lot, believe me, I've tried it!

Positive starfarmer On Nov 28, 2008, starfarmer from Ann Arbor, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:

Although the "Dangers" field of this entry comments on the sharp and dangerous throns of Maclura, in fact this cultivar is the *thornless* variety of Osage Orange.

While the species is excellent for barrier hedges and will do fine for wildlife shelterbelts, it has always been a shame that such a tough, attractive and carefree tree has been unsuitable for street and lawn use because of its wicked thorns; it was a situation Osage Orange had in common with the species form of Honey Locust, with which it grows in the riverine central midwest.

Fortunately for every American city north of the subtropics, thornless varieties of Honey Locust (notably "Moraine", "Shademaster", "Sunburst" and "Skyline") became common beginning in the 1940s.

Unfortunately, until recently, there have not been equivalent thornless varieties of Osage Orange, but now with the emergence of "White Shield", there is. According to the U of Arkansas Ft Smith Arboretum "'White Shield', a male, thornless and fruitless variety with glossy foliage was found in western Oklahoma on White Shield Creek and was named after a Cheyenne chief."

By the way, if you are familiar with the general form and appearance of any of the heartleaf fruitless mulberry varieties, you'll have a good idea of the form and appearance of "White Shield" (not surprising since both are members of the Moraceae, or Mulberry family).

A great tree with a great future, if sufficient propagation and promotion occurs.

Name note: As documented by Janet Lembke, in addition to the common names listed above, the tree is known as "Bodark" and, simply, "Hedge".


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Saint John, Indiana
Smiths Grove, Kentucky
Coushatta, Louisiana
Rosedale, Maryland
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Las Vegas, Nevada
Fort Worth, Texas

We recommend Firefox
Overwhelmed? There's a lot to see here. Try starting at our homepage.

[ Home | About | Advertise | Media Kit | Mission | Featured Companies | Submit an Article | Terms of Use | Tour | Rules | Privacy Policy | Contact Us ]

Back to the top

Copyright © 2000-2015 Dave's Garden, an Internet Brands company. All Rights Reserved.

Hope for America