Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Camphorweed
Heterotheca subaxillaris

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Heterotheca (het-er-oh-THEEK-uh) (Info)
Species: subaxillaris

Synonym:Heterotheca latifolia


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)
9-12 in. (22-30 cm)
12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Gold (Yellow-Orange)

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer
Late Summer/Early Fall
Mid Fall
Late Fall/Early Winter
Blooms repeatedly


Other details:
May be a noxious weed or invasive
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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There are a total of 10 photos.
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1 positive
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Negative xyris On Nov 11, 2004, xyris from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Even though I admit it can be attractive if kept pruned for a better flowering show, I still think of this plant as a weed. It does well in my yard if I don't pull it up early, and mostly is a roadside and disturbed areas weed in Florida. It is probably native to sandhill woodlands, sand dunes, and sandy prairies, in low densities, and has expanded to flourish in disturbed areas. With the splitting of Chrysopsis and Pityopsis as separate genera, this is the only species of Heterotheca in the southeastern United States.

Positive htop On Oct 29, 2004, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Common names: Golden Aster, Camphor Daisy
Considered a weed by many, but admired by native plant enthusiasts.

The rough and usually toothed leaves emit a strong camphor aroma when crushed or disturbed and are sticky due to the hairs being gland-tipped. Cut the plant to a low level in late summer and it will keep blooming until the first frost or even later providing mounds of golden yellow blooms. Ranchers really dislike this plant because it is not grazed by livestock. I assume it is deer resistant.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona
Sebring, Florida
Greer, South Carolina
Arlington, Texas
Austin, Texas
Beaumont, Texas
Dike, Texas
San Antonio, Texas

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