Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Single Early Tulip
Tulipa 'Couleur Cardinal'

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tulipa (TOO-li-pa) (Info)
Cultivar: Couleur Cardinal

» View all varieties of Tulips

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

5 members have or want this plant for trade.

Division 1 - Single Early

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 °C (-40 °F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 °C (-35 °F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 °C (10 °F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 °C (15 °F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring


Other details:
Flowers are fragrant
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are good for cutting

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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Thumbnail #1 of Tulipa  by DaylilySLP

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By saya
Thumbnail #3 of Tulipa  by saya

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Thumbnail #4 of Tulipa  by saya

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Thumbnail #5 of Tulipa  by saya

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Thumbnail #6 of Tulipa  by saya


1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive saya On Apr 19, 2008, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

In culture since 1845. I've brought a few already potted bulbs home with me from my visit to Keukenhof in Lisse, Netherlands. Even the young foliage starts dark red. I've taken a few pictures days later, the foliage has become greener but is still tinged dark red. The name of this tulip 'Couleur Cardinal' (‘Dark Red Colour’ is the translation of its French name) is well chosen. A very simple, but spot-on name for this deep red tulip. In the odd 136 years that ‘Couleur Cardinal’ has been around, it has produced an impressive number of colour mutants. A mutant is a spontaneously originated (flower colour) variation. A complete line of ‘Couleur Cardinal’ colour variations has hence formed. Very important mutations in ‘Couleur Cardinal’ were the one that provided a parrot flower shape, giving rise to ‘Rococo’ (registered in 1942) and a chimera, a bi-coloured flower, that was named ‘Princess Irene’(registered in1949).
The more plants were grown of ‘Princess Irene’, the larger the chance for spontaneous mutations:
• double flower (‘Orange Princess’, 1983)
• darker flower (‘Hermitage’, 1986)
• lighter flower (‘Princess Margriet’, 1960)
• flame-less flower (‘Bright Irene’, 2000).

Update 2014. Ever since I 've planted Tulipa 'Couleur Cardinal' in 2008 in my garden it flowers every spring in my garden. The colonies increase slowly.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Hebron, Kentucky

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