Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Spruce Pine, Walter's Pine
Pinus glabra

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: glabra (GLAY-bruh) (Info)

One vendor has this plant for sale.

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Tropico
Thumbnail #1 of Pinus glabra by Tropico

By escambiaguy
Thumbnail #2 of Pinus glabra by escambiaguy


3 positives
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral backyardgrown On Nov 30, 2009, backyardgrown from Batesville, MS (Zone 7b) wrote:

Mail Order Natives has seedlings for sale.

Positive PaPa47 On Sep 6, 2009, PaPa47 from Perkinston, MS wrote:

I have not been able to find a garden/nursery source for the Spruce Pine (Pinus Glabra). I would SO like to "put out" several of these indigenous pines - short needles and "full" branching. I don't want to try growing them from seed or digging them from along a roadside. I would like to purchase healthy potted saplings. Alas, perhaps that will never happen :-(

Neutral escambiaguy On Nov 26, 2005, escambiaguy from Atmore, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I find this tree to be stronger when it is open grown so it can form a thicker trunk resistant to breakage. I guess that could be said about all pines.

Positive melody On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A small tree occuring mostly in the middle to lower South. It is commonly found in hardwood forests as a stand alone tree. It is a shade tolerant pine and hybrids with the Shortleaf Pine have been found.

Trunk bark is dark and ridged, resembling a hardwood tree rather than a pine.

Cones are 2' to 3" and old cones remain on the tree.

Positive Tropico On Nov 24, 2004, Tropico from Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Spruce pine, also called cedar-pine or bottom-white pine, is a member of the southern yellow pine group. It is the most shade-tolerant species of southern pine and is scattered throughout the southeast in mixed hardwood stands, rarely occurring in pure stands.

The wood from spruce pine is brittle and close-grained. It lacks durability and has little commercial value, except as a pulpwood. The leaves are needle-like, about 3" long, and found in fascicles of two. They are slender, dark bluish-green, twisted, and lightly fragrant. In spring and early summer, new needles are lighter green and often contrast noticeably with the darker older needles. The bark is silvery, greyish-brown and furrowed and looks more like hardwood bark, than that of a conifer.

Occasionally, spruce pines are grown for Christmas trees because of their attractive coloring and spruce-like appearance.

The trees provide important resources for numerous wildlife species, including bobwhite quail and squirrels, who eat the seeds. Songbirds, owls, and hawks all use the trees for cover or nesting.

Spruce pine occurs from South Carolina, west to Louisiana, and south into central Florida.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama
Orlando, Florida
Perkinston, Mississippi

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