Spruce Pine, Walter's Pine

Pinus glabra

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: glabra (GLAY-bruh) (Info)




Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us


Grown for foliage


Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama

Orlando, Florida

Perkinston, Mississippi

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 30, 2009, backyardgrown from Batesville, MS (Zone 7b) wrote:

Mail Order Natives has seedlings for sale.


On Sep 6, 2009, PaPa47 from Perkinston, MS wrote:

I have not been able to find a garden/nursery source for the Spruce Pine (Pinus Glabra). I would SO like to "put out" several of these indigenous pines - short needles and "full" branching. I don't want to try growing them from seed or digging them from along a roadside. I would like to purchase healthy potted saplings. Alas, perhaps that will never happen :-(


On Nov 26, 2005, escambiaguy from Atmore, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I find this tree to be stronger when it is open grown so it can form a thicker trunk resistant to breakage. I guess that could be said about all pines.


On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A small tree occuring mostly in the middle to lower South. It is commonly found in hardwood forests as a stand alone tree. It is a shade tolerant pine and hybrids with the Shortleaf Pine have been found.

Trunk bark is dark and ridged, resembling a hardwood tree rather than a pine.

Cones are 2' to 3" and old cones remain on the tree.


On Nov 24, 2004, Tropico from Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Spruce pine, also called cedar-pine or bottom-white pine, is a member of the southern yellow pine group. It is the most shade-tolerant species of southern pine and is scattered throughout the southeast in mixed hardwood stands, rarely occurring in pure stands.

The wood from spruce pine is brittle and close-grained. It lacks durability and has little commercial value, except as a pulpwood. The leaves are needle-like, about 3" long, and found in fascicles of two. They are slender, dark bluish-green, twisted, and lightly fragrant. In spring and early summer, new needles are lighter green and often contrast noticeably with the darker older needles. The bark is silvery, greyish-brown and furrowed and looks more like hardwood bark, than that of a conifer.

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