Mugo Pine, Mugho Pine, Swiss Mountain Pine, Mountain Pine

Pinus mugo var. pumilio

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: mugo var. pumilio
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Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:



Grown for foliage



Provides winter interest

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Flagstaff, Arizona

Littleton, Colorado

Dracut, Massachusetts

Scotch Plains, New Jersey

Olympia, Washington

Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 16, 2011, NorthSC from North, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Mugo pine does not survive in Zone 8 or higher. Stores (LOWE'S, HOME DEPOT) in Z8 sell it, but that's more of a scam to have you come and buy more and more and kill more and more trees in a wrong zone. I tried to growing several specimens in Z8 and they just won't make it through the hot and long summer. Same applies to most cypresses. Please do not mislead people by making expectations that Mugo one will survive beyond Zone 7. It won't. Take your dead pine or cypress back to the chain store to send a message across so they stop scamming people.


On Mar 15, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

From Musser Forests catalog: Mugho Pine is also known as Swiss Mountain Pine. Height to 2 feet. Spread to 5 feet. A dwarf prostrate, low growing, spreading pine. Dark green, stiff needles, in pairs, 2 to 3 inches long. Ordinary soil. Can tolerate poor, rocky, dry, windy conditions. This plant is widely used in foundation plantings. Excellent for rock gardens and Japanese gardens. AN EXCELLENT BONSAI SUBJECT. Zone: 3-7. Height: 2 Feet. Spread: 5 Feet