Japanese Holly, Boxleaf Holly, Box-leaved Holly 'Hoogendorn'

Ilex crenata

Family: Aquifoliaceae (a-kwee-foh-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ilex (EYE-leks) (Info)
Species: crenata (kre-NAY-tuh) (Info)
Cultivar: Hoogendorn



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade

Full Shade


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White


Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer



Provides winter interest

This plant is resistant to deer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Rehoboth Beach, Delaware

Ellicott City, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Wayne, Pennsylvania

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 18, 2015, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a pretty, evergreen, low shrub to about 2.5 feet high and can get 8 feet wide or more in time. This cultivar grows more informally than most other cultivars into a spreading form, which is very nice. It is one of the more used cultivars available at many Mid-Atlantic nurseries. Not for shearing or formal landscaping. When I have to prune one of these lower Japanese Hollies it is usually only lightly, but older plants need deeper pruning and it hurts to reach deep into them, as they have hard spurs on some branches and just stiff, hard twigs. A male cultivar so it does not bear the black berries. Selected from Hoogendorn Nursery out of Rhode Island. I prefer the similar American native species of the Inkberry Holly, Ilex glabra, because it is soft and does not hurt.


On Oct 16, 2013, bridgebaron from Chapel Hill, NC wrote:

I have the Japanese 'Hoogendorn' holly planted in several locations and love it for its natural looking and low spreading form (2 1/2 x 4 approx on plants that have been in the ground awhile.)


On Oct 29, 2004, norska from Ellicott City, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

Multiple stems support a rounded mass of small broad boxwood-like leaves. Attractive little globular mounding shrub, supposedly can reach to 4', but tends to be compact, spreading wider rather than taller. Very suscepticle to Black Root Rot. Cultivar sometimes spelled 'Hoogendoorn'