Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: European Linden, Common Lime Tree
Tilia x europaea

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tilia (TIL-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: x europaea

Synonym:Tilia intermedia
Synonym:Tilia x vulgaris
Synonym:Tilia intermedia

One member has or wants this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Unknown - Tell us

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:
Unknown - Tell us

Click thumbnail
to view:

By zsnp
Thumbnail #1 of Tilia x europaea by zsnp

By zsnp
Thumbnail #2 of Tilia x europaea by zsnp


No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral zsnp On May 13, 2005, zsnp from Pensacola, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

This variety of linden tree does not grow in Florida. If you want to have one anyway, get a Silver Linden (Tilia tomentosa).

Gather a lot of flowers from a linden tree. Put the flowers in a bowl of water and boil. Remove the flowers, add sugar and drink the tea! This tea is very good especially when you have a flu or cold.

When taken as a hot tea, linden flowers act as a diaphoretic. Diaphoretics induce a mild fever, thereby helping promote the immune systems ability to fight infections. The fever usually does not go very high because the diaphoretic also causes sweating, which in turn cause the body to cool off. In Europe, linden has been used for the treatment of colds and cold-related coughs.

Different parts of the Tilia (linden plant) are used in treating specific conditions and symptoms.

Flowers: colds, cough, bronchitis, infectious diseases, and headache (particularly migraine), and as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces spasm), and sedative

Leaves: internal useintestinal complaints; external useulcers in the leg

Wood: liver and gallbladder disorders, cellulitis (inflammation of the body's connective tissue)

Flowers have a strong fragrance and attract a lot of bees! If you are picking linden flowers, be careful. You don't want to grab a bee. :)

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