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PlantFiles: European Linden, Common Lime Tree
Tilia x europaea 'Wratislaviensis'

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tilia (TIL-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: x europaea
Cultivar: Wratislaviensis

Synonym:Tilia x intermedia
Synonym:Tilia x vulgaris

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over 40 ft. (12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)
USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)
USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Seed Collecting:
Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Shelly221 On Jul 7, 2005, Shelly221 from Denver, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

These are growing all over Berlin Germany. Truely an intoxicating smell all the time. One of my favorite, if not my favorite tree.

Positive saya On May 22, 2005, saya from Heerlen
Netherlands (Zone 8b) wrote:

For the old Germans the lindentree was a holy tree..their godess Freya lived in it. Somewhat later lindentree was considered to be a protector for houses, their wells and churches. A lindentree is often planted to memorize a person or a event. For our little princess Amalia a lindentree has been planted in most of the Dutch communities.

Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) has put a poem by Friedrich Rckert (1788-1866) about the fragnance of its blossoms into music. It is "Ich atmet' einen linden Duft!" , the first song of his beautifull Rckertlieder. I 've found a English translation of the song...

I breathed a gentle fragrance!
In the room stood
a sprig of linden,
a gift
from a dear hand.
How lovely was the fragrance of linden!

How lovely is the fragrance of linden!
That twig of linden
you broke off so gently!
Softly I breathe in
the fragrance of linden,
the gentle fragrance of love.

Yes..the most remarkable from this tree I find its sweet fragnance when it is blooming. I 've experienced that its fragnance can truly give you comfort during sad times. Because it is often planted in public gardens and along roadsides it even can make a "stinking" town wonderfull scented at that time..special after a warm summerday or a summer's rain. When you stand under it a sounds like a big pub..for bees..
Lindenhoney is very tasty.

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