Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Cranesbill, Bigroot Geranium, Bulgarian Geranium, Rock Crane's-bill
Geranium macrorrhizum 'Ingwersen's Variety'

Family: Geraniaceae (jer-ay-nee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Geranium (jer-AY-nee-um) (Info)
Species: macrorrhizum (mak-roh-RY-zum) (Info)
Cultivar: Ingwersen's Variety

» View all varieties of Hardy Geraniums

4 vendors have this plant for sale.

4 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:
Pale Pink

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage
Good Fall Color

Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

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There are a total of 11 photos.
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4 positives
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive coriaceous On Jan 24, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

One of the best groundcovers for dry shade. Smothers weeds but isn't aggressive. Tough and reliable. Easy to control.

In this cultivar, the petal color is a soft pastel pink, much softer than the species, which is nearer magenta.

The leaves are fragrant when rubbed or crushed---the fragrance is sweet and pine-like, though a few people find it a little medicinal---bigroot geranium was once the commercial source for oil of geranium.

The thick stems are hardy and do not die down the the ground in winter here (Z6a). They aren't especially attractive in winter, and the plant will come back from the root if you cut them down, but I'd plant this where its winter appearance doesn't matter. Do not rake over it during cleanups.

I propagate this by breaking off a stem, stripping off the leaves, and burying it with the terminal bud at the surface. In my climate, it will root and grow without further care.

In 1993, the Royal Horticultural Society granted this plant its coveted Award of Garden Merit.

Negative plant_it On May 23, 2013, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:

Beautiful plant. However, for me it's a negative since I am a native plant gardener and Geranium macrorrhizum is native to the South east Alps and the Balkans. If you live in the U.S. and are looking for a native ground cover, try wild ginger instead. It is deer resistant and even repels garlic mustard!

Positive ms_greenjeans On May 25, 2012, ms_greenjeans from Hopkins, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This is a very useful ground cover that I planted on a shady, dry, steep slope. It's very attractive and low maintenance. Also, it's easy to just pull off a few pieces and start another clump or share with friends. The foliage has a wonderful spicy scent.

Positive northgrass On Mar 6, 2005, northgrass from West Chazy, NY (Zone 4b) wrote:

The macrorrhizum geranium family is high on my list of favorite plants. They spread nicely without being invasive, They make wonderful ground covers since they can be grown even in dry shade..
The numerous, delicately beautiful blossoms are held high above the foliage in June.
The aromatic foliage is a big bonus to a near perfect plant.

Positive philomel On Nov 5, 2004, philomel from Castelnau RB Pyrenes
France (Zone 8a) wrote:

This plant is distinct from the type in having paler pink flowers. The leaves are bronzer in colour and are held much later. They colour much better in the autumn too.
It has the same easy going nature and is useful to smother weeds in dry shade


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Jasper, Arkansas
Merced, California
Waukegan, Illinois
Gaithersburg, Maryland
Roslindale, Massachusetts
Hopkins, Minnesota
Freehold, New Jersey
Fargo, North Dakota
Christiana, Tennessee
Bellingham, Washington

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