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Allium, Black Garlic, Broad-leaved Leek, Broadleaf Garlic

Allium nigrum

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium (AL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: nigrum (NY-grum) (Info)
Synonym:Allium afrum
Synonym:Allium bauerianum
Synonym:Allium magicum
Synonym:Allium paucibulbosum
Synonym:Kalabotis nigrum




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

Flowers are good for drying and preserving

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:



White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer





This plant is resistant to deer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Wedowee, Alabama

O Fallon, Missouri

Jersey City, New Jersey

Whitehouse Station, New Jersey

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 7, 2012, irishbutterfly from Nanaimo, BC (Zone 8a) wrote:

I am envious of gardens with this glorious plant. Is it a specific type of onion that blooms or will any onion bloom?
I am new to gardening other than a hanging basket. Thanx, Irishbutterfly


On Jan 18, 2011, hortulaninobili from St. Louis, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

Allium nigrum syn. multibulbosum:

One of the many ornamental alliums which provides clean and refined effect in almost any situation. Flowering period (mid-spring) possibly can be extended if planted in a location which receives shade in the afternoon. Never have noticed any pests or pathogens. Growth habit is organized, does not grow out of control, and is simple, fitting in a 'less is more' category.

Allium performs satisfactorily in a regular garden soil with regular moisture and fertility. Organic mulch will prevent bulbs from heaving and keep soil off of foliage. Usually one of the first plants to emerge in my garden (foliage first around mid-February).

Complements other white flowering plants such as alyssum, tulips, light yellow or yellow... read more


On Jun 6, 2006, WillowWasp from Jones Creek, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is an heirloom Allium that is multi flowering. It has 3-4 inch globes held on thick stems up to 24" in height. The color is white to lilac with green furrows and centers.


On Nov 15, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This allium has very thick stems and produces white florets (can be tinged with pink or purple) that rise up from the ground anywhere from 20 - 40". They make a great cut flower.