Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Kale, Collard, Cole
Brassica oleracea var. acephala 'Vates'

Family: Brassicaceae (brass-ih-KAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Brassica (BRAS-ee-ka) (Info)
Species: oleracea var. acephala
Cultivar: Vates
Registered or introduced: 1950

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

Not Applicable

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun


Bloom Color:
Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By chicochi3
Thumbnail #1 of Brassica oleracea var. acephala by chicochi3

By growin
Thumbnail #2 of Brassica oleracea var. acephala by growin


3 positives
No neutrals
1 negative

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive suzy_qu3 On Jan 2, 2011, suzy_qu3 from East Chatham, NY wrote:

Great collards! I had no trouble staring this from seed in a six pack and transplanting. I don't think the seedlings even noticed. They exploded shortly there after to be wonderful producers. Cooked up tender and produced well into fall. Unfortunately, the deer loved them too.

Positive DawnRain On Nov 18, 2004, DawnRain from Bartow, FL wrote:

This has been a standard plant in my Florida garden every winter since childhood. Starts and transplants easily for me. Cold sweetens it. Never damaged by freezes. Slow to bolt in summer. In fact I had a few plants going year round till the top of the stalk was just too high to pick the leaves when I gave up on them. A must have for my garden. DR

Negative winter_unfazed On Nov 17, 2004, winter_unfazed from Rural Webster County, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

Easy to germinate and hard to grow. Abhors transplanting.I tried to grow it 3 times and it died every time.

Positive Farmerdill On Nov 15, 2004, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

An open pollinated non heading dark green collard from VP!& SU. Dark green, thick textured leaves with a high ratio of blade to stalk. Industry standard for almost two decades, cold hardy. 1950. Had to put the 1950 in the name because the system kept thinking it was the kale. Been a while since I grew this one, but it is a prolific collard.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska
Fayetteville, Arkansas
Bartow, Florida
Augusta, Georgia
East Chatham, New York

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