Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Apple
Malus x domestica 'Gravenstein'

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Malus (MAY-lus) (Info)
Species: x domestica (doh-MESS-tik-a) (Info)
Cultivar: Gravenstein
Additional cultivar information: (aka Graasten, Banks Red Gravenstein, Early Congress)

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20-30 ft. (6-9 m)
30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Bloom Time:
Early season flowering


Rootstock Vigor:
Very vigorous

Bearing Habit:

Disease Resistance:
Unknown - Tell us

Fruit Usage:

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
By grafting

Click thumbnail
to view:

By Big_Red
Thumbnail #1 of Malus x domestica by Big_Red


1 positive
4 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Capcurious On Sep 10, 2006, Capcurious from Bellevue, WA wrote:

Looks like I need to tell the best kept secret of all about the Gravensteins. We grew up with an apple orchard each tree a different variety along with many other types of fruit. Of them all none stands out as the Gravenstein Apple. That variety brings back an entire youth of summer memories picnicing with friends on the best green apples on earth! Even the tiny apples are sweet. It's speading branches were a bonus for the younger ones. While motivated to work at their jumping skills they could pick their own.
Once ripe and still favorites the Gravenstein Cider is beyond words....

Neutral Farmerdill On Mar 28, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Vigorous tree. Pollinators: Spartan, Williams Pride, Akane, Prima, Liberty. Zone 2-9. Somewhat fireblight and scab resistant.

Neutral emh On Jun 5, 2005, emh from vodskov
Denmark wrote:

gravenstein (correct name: graasten) is often mensioned as a german apple, but infact it is danish !!!
i have never tried to grow it, as it has always had a bad reputation about attracting all kind of diseases.
but the apples are very tasty.

Neutral Big_Red On Nov 27, 2004, Big_Red from Bethelridge, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Also known as: Banks Red Gravenstein, Early Congress.

A very old apple of European origin believed to have originated in the 1600's with Duke Augustenberg of Castle Graefenstein ( Gravenstein) in Germany. It was introduced into the United States in the 1820's by Russian settlers moving into California. An oblong or lopsided fruit having bright yellow skin with a pinkish-orange flush and light red striping. The creamy yellow flesh is tender, crisp, juicy, and aromatic. Ripens July to August in most areas and is not a good keeper.

Neutral smiln32 On Nov 18, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This tree variety has been around for ages. It's been in the U.S. at least since the early to mid 1800's (from Germany). The tree is tall and spreads wider than it is tall.

The fruit is large with skin that is red against yellowish-green. The flesh is fine-textured, crisp and juicy. It can be eaten fresh, made into jellies or jams and used in pies.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Benton, Kentucky
Bellevue, Washington

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