Carum carvi

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Carum (KAR-um) (Info)
Species: carvi (KAR-vee) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink


White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer




Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

West Islip, New York

Toledo, Ohio

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 27, 2009, justluthien from Toledo, OH wrote:

I planted the seeds last year, but nothing came up, so I forgot about it. This year, I noticed a bunch of ferny-looking seedlings in the herb garden in a yet-to-be planted spot, and figured it was dill, so I left it alone. (Its leaves look an awfully lot like dill!!!) I soon realized it wasn't when the real thing sprouted, but left it alone to see what it turned out to be. Finally, when the seedheads sprouted, I recognized it as caraway.

Needs here in the midwest:
Being semi-disabled, I don't do a lot of heavy digging in any of my prepared beds. In the early spring, I used my fork to aerate the soil and break up any major clods, smoothed it out with a rake, then added 2-4" of aged manure from my local nursery ($1.39 for 40#). When the soil warmed up, I planted m... read more


On Oct 5, 2001, Sis wrote:

The seeds of this annual or biennial have been used for 5,000 years for flavoring and for their carminative effect.

The seeds are also aromatic and can be used in potpourris.


On Aug 30, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Grows 1-2ft tall. It has a delicate, grooved and hollow stem with numerous, fern-like, finely divided aromatic leaves 6-10in long. The flowers are minute, white, in compound umbels. Blooms May-July. Caraway's seeds are ribbed, oblong and slightly curved.

Winterkill can be a problem with caraway in colder climates.