Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Kotukutuku, Tree Fuchsia
Fuchsia excorticata

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Family: Onagraceae (on-uh-GRAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Fuchsia (FEW-she-uh) (Info)
Species: excorticata (eks-kor-tee-KAT-uh) (Info)

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6 members have or want this plant for trade.

Category:
Shrubs
Trees

Height:
over 40 ft. (12 m)

Spacing:
6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)
8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)
10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Sun Exposure:
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade
Partial to Full Shade

Danger:
N/A

Bloom Color:
Red
Green
Purple

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Foliage:
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Non-patented

Propagation Methods:
From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

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There are a total of 19 photos.
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Profile:

1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Positive RosinaBloom On Oct 16, 2013, RosinaBloom from Waihi
New Zealand wrote:

Fuchsia excorticata - a New Zealand native - is the largest fuchsia in the world, growing to tree size upwards of 13 metres with a trunk to 0.6 metres in diameter. It is found commonly throughout New Zealand, and is easily recognised by its bark which peels and hangs in red papery strips to show a pale bark underneath. The introduction of Common Brushtail Possum to New Zealand has precipitated a serious decline in this species where large concentrations of the possum are present. It appears to be one of the possum's preferred food sources which they browse individual trees to the point of defoliation and the trees die.

The berry is sweet and juicy, and was used by European settlers to make jam and puddings. Tui and Wood Pigeon feed on the berries which have lots of very tiny seeds. Fruit is edible and tastes like a very mild grape. Maori called the fruit konini and the name is sometimes given to the tree.



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