Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Hammock Shrubverbena, Small-headed Lantana
Lantana canescens

Family: Verbenaceae (ver-be-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lantana (lan-TAN-a) (Info)
Species: canescens (kan-ESS-kens) (Info)

One member has or wants this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)
4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

Unknown - Tell us

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Blooms all year


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From herbaceous stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse
From seed; sow indoors before last frost
From seed; direct sow after last frost
By simple layering

Seed Collecting:
Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Neutral htop On Jan 31, 2009, htop from San Antonio, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I ahve not grown this plant. Hammock shrubverbena, small-headed lantana, small headed, small head lantana (Lantana canescens) is a native shrub that is found only in small populations in Texas (only in Hidalgo County) and Florida (small population in Miami-Dade County along hammock margins and is extremely rare). It has been declared endangered in Florida. Hammock shrubverbena is native to the West Indies. It has very small bloom heads that have tubular 5, irregularly lobed white blooms with yellow centers similar to those of Lantana involucrata. L. canescens blooms appear in in flattened clusters at the ends of long stalks that emerge from the angle of leaf axils. L. involucrata flowers are often violet-tinged and L. canescens are not. L. canescens does not produce purple or blue berries. Its fruiting heads resemble teensie green artichokes which bear "nutlets" between green bracts. When mature, the nutlets are brown, spherical, 1.5 mm wide, one-seeded, hard and dry. The 6.5 cm long, opposite leaves are canescent (pale or gray colored because of a short, fine, dense hairs) on both surfces. In addition, they are simple, lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate and have prominent secondary veins, pointed tips and wedge-shaped bases. The margins are shallowly toothed. The stems are gray or white and 4-angled.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Miami, Florida

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