Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Species, Natural Hybrid Orchid, Spring Ladies' Tresses, Twisted Ladies' Tresses, Spring-Blooming Spi
Spiranthes vernalis

Family: Orchidaceae (or-kid-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Spiranthes (spy-RAN-theez) (Info)
Species: vernalis (ver-NAH-liss) (Info)
Additional cultivar information: (natural hybrid)

Synonym:Gyrostachys ensifolia
Synonym:Gyrostachys linearis
Synonym:Gyrostachys praecox
Synonym:Spiranthes ensifolia
Synonym:Spiranthes reverchonii

3 members have or want this plant for trade.


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

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to view:

By trois
Thumbnail #1 of Spiranthes vernalis by trois

By TamiMcNally
Thumbnail #2 of Spiranthes vernalis by TamiMcNally

By bigred
Thumbnail #3 of Spiranthes vernalis by bigred

By Kalpavriksha
Thumbnail #4 of Spiranthes vernalis by Kalpavriksha


1 positive
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive BajaBlue On Jun 4, 2010, BajaBlue from Rancho Santa Rita, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is the only native orchid indigenous to South Texas. It is commonly visible in the barrier island areas and beaches of the Gulf coast areas of South Padre island, Boca Chica and Point Isabel, Texas as well as farther inland in the Rio Grande Valley. Also grows wild in the far northern areas of Tamaulipas in Northeast Mexico near the Gulf of Mexico.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ashdown, Arkansas
Palmetto, Florida
Saint Petersburg, Florida
Claremont, New Hampshire
Bluffton, South Carolina
Livingston, Texas
Santa Fe, Texas
South Padre Island, Texas

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