Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Basil Bee Balm, White Basil-balm, White Bergamot
Monarda clinopodia

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Monarda (mo-NAR-da) (Info)
Species: clinopodia

One vendor has this plant for sale.

15 members have or want this plant for trade.


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Pale Pink
Pale Green
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Summer


Other details:
This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Flowers are good for cutting

Soil pH requirements:
Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
By dividing the rootball
From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

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to view:

By Lamiaceae
Thumbnail #1 of Monarda clinopodia by Lamiaceae

By Lamiaceae
Thumbnail #2 of Monarda clinopodia by Lamiaceae


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive vegiestudent On Apr 2, 2011, vegiestudent from Jacksonville, FL wrote:

I have bought cuttings of the White Basil from an Asian market, and made smaller cuttings from them, and put them in pots with soil for seedlings. The rate of survival is about 30% now, but I am trying various ways to improve my cultivation.

Neutral Lamiaceae On Jan 27, 2006, Lamiaceae from Granville, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

This is the most common species of wild Monarda in my area. It's similar to M. fistulosa, but it prefers a wetter, richer habitat (look for it in low woods and along riverbanks) and has no tuft of hairs on the upper lip of the corolla.

The name "White Bergamot" is somewhat misleading; flower color and form actually varies quite a bit. My best clone has large, shell-pink blooms with magenta spotting.

Unfortunately, in ideal conditions this species can become as invasive as Mentha, so I only grow it in my wild garden.

Neutral smiln32 On Dec 4, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Easily grown in ordinary garden soil (it's not to picky about soil types) so long as it is not too dry. Can be grown in full sun but also does well in some shade. It cannot tolerate constantly wet conditions.

The leaves can be used to make tea.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Jacksonville, Florida
Evansville, Indiana
Kasota, Minnesota
Cole Camp, Missouri
Washington, Missouri
Granville, Ohio
Austin, Texas
Leesburg, Virginia

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