Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Hot Pepper
Capsicum annuum 'Piment d Espelette'

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Capsicum (KAP-sih-kum) (Info)
Species: annuum (AN-yoo-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Piment d Espelette
Additional cultivar information: (aka d'Esplette)

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One vendor has this plant for sale.

3 members have or want this plant for trade.

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun

Heat (Pungency):
Extremely Hot (above 30,000 Scoville Units)

Fruit Shape:

Fruit Size:
Medium (4" to 6" in length)

Fruit Color:
Green changing to red

Disease Resistance:
Unknown - Tell us

Seed Type:


Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:
From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:
Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds
Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Days to Maturity:
Late (more than 80 days)

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2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive lokidog On Jan 19, 2013, lokidog from Logan, UT wrote:

The Scoville units on this one are wrong. These are mild peppers, at least for me. They are also much taller than nearly any other pepper I grew - nearly 4 feet tall. They are very productive and pretty early as well. They seem to love the hot days and cool nights - and dry clear air. The peppers are meaty and get very sweet when red. The heat varies, with an occasional scorcher, but I classify these are mild. However peppers generally grow milder here.

Positive DanCarmona On Nov 28, 2012, DanCarmona from Fort Wayne, IN wrote:

Piment d' Espelette
Capsicum: Annuum
Origin: France
Scoville units: 2500
Blossom end shape: pointed
Fruit position and shape: pendant, elongate
Fruit size and color: 4 > 5" green . red
Calyx shape: saucer shaped, toothless
Flower: erect, stellate
Petals/Spots: white/none
Filament color: white
Anther color: blue
Habit: sturdy, tree-like bush
Stem: smooth
Leaves: medium, glabrous
Germ. Time: 1 wk > 2 mo.
Maturity: 80 days
Plant height: 18-24"
Taste: .
Uses:·dried, powder
The earliest documented instances of pepper cultivation near Espelette in France date to the 16th century, and by the 18th century, the region was famous for its peppers.

The Piment d'Espelette is red when mature, and relatively small and mild. Heat-wise, it is about the same heat scale as hot paprika, the Espelette pepper is regarded by the French as a four on the scale of one to ten. In fact, hot paprika powder can be substituted, as can New Mexico red chile powder.


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Houston, Texas
Logan, Utah

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