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Hot Pepper 'Piment d Espelette'

Capsicum annuum

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Capsicum (KAP-sih-kum) (Info)
Species: annuum (AN-yoo-um) (Info)
Cultivar: Piment d Espelette
Additional cultivar information:(aka d'Esplette)
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24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Heat (Pungency):

Extremely Hot (above 30,000 Scoville Units)

Fruit Shape:


Fruit Size:

Medium (4" to 6" in length)

Fruit Color:

Green changing to red

Disease Resistance:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Type:




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Days to Maturity:

Late (more than 80 days)

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Houston, Texas

Logan, Utah

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 19, 2013, lokidog from Logan, UT wrote:

The Scoville units on this one are wrong. These are mild peppers, at least for me. They are also much taller than nearly any other pepper I grew - nearly 4 feet tall. They are very productive and pretty early as well. They seem to love the hot days and cool nights - and dry clear air. The peppers are meaty and get very sweet when red. The heat varies, with an occasional scorcher, but I classify these are mild. However peppers generally grow milder here.


On Nov 28, 2012, DanCarmona from Fort Wayne, IN wrote:

Piment d' Espelette
Capsicum: Annuum
Origin: France
Scoville units: 2500
Blossom end shape: pointed
Fruit position and shape: pendant, elongate
Fruit size and color: 4 > 5" green . red
Calyx shape: saucer shaped, toothless
Flower: erect, stellate
Petals/Spots: white/none
Filament color: white
Anther color: blue
Habit: sturdy, tree-like bush
Stem: smooth
Leaves: medium, glabrous
Germ. Time: 1 wk > 2 mo.
Maturity: 80 days
Plant height: 18-24"
Taste: .
Uses:·dried, powder
The earliest documented instances of pepper cultivation near Espelette in France date to the 16th century, and by the 18th century, the region was famous... read more