Coleus, Flame Nettle, Painted Nettle
Solenostemon scutellarioides

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Solenostemon (sol-en-oh-STEM-on) (Info)
Species: scutellarioides (skew-tell-ar-ee-OH-ih-deez) (Info)
Synonym:Coleus blumei
Synonym:Coleus scutellarioides
» View all varieties of Coleus
View this plant in a garden

Category:

Annuals

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Height:

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

Spacing:

9-12 in. (22-30 cm)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade

Danger:

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Light Blue

White/Near White

Inconspicuous/none

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Foliage:

Grown for foliage

Variegated

Chartreuse/Yellow

Burgundy

Bronze-Green

Smooth-Textured

Velvet/Fuzzy-Textured

Other details:

This plant is suitable for growing indoors

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

,

Eclectic, Alabama

Jones, Alabama

Bigelow, Arkansas

Lonoke, Arkansas

Bakersfield, California

Beverly Hills, California

Eureka, California

Los Angeles, California (2 reports)

Merced, California

San Diego, California

San Francisco, California

San Jose, California

Santa Rosa, California

Bartow, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Maitland, Florida

Old Town, Florida

Oldsmar, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Athens, Georgia

Santa Rita, Guam

Jacksonville, Illinois

Newburgh, Indiana

Owensboro, Kentucky

Lake Charles, Louisiana

Slidell, Louisiana

Attleboro, Massachusetts

Gloucester, Massachusetts

Mason, Michigan

Las Vegas, Nevada

Woodsville, New Hampshire

Cicero, New York

Medina, New York

Rochester, New York

Conover, North Carolina

Rowland, North Carolina

Columbus, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio

Lakeview, Ohio

Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Vieques, Puerto Rico

Wakefield, Rhode Island

Campobello, South Carolina

Columbia, South Carolina

Greenville, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

Saint Helena Island, South Carolina

Tigerville, South Carolina

Knoxville, Tennessee

Andrews, Texas

Arlington, Texas

Beaumont, Texas

Blanco, Texas

Camp Wood, Texas

El Paso, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

San Antonio, Texas

Danville, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Shipman, Virginia

Ilwaco, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Puyallup, Washington

Spokane, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

13
positives
1
neutral
0
negatives
RatingContent
Positive

On Nov 23, 2014, emptyeyes from Lakeview, OH wrote:

I currently have 7 Coleus plants growing in the house, they are all doing well, and I water them when the top layer of soil looks dry. I have them all under the flourescent lamp since it was so cold at the picture window. The colors are very bright and they are doing fine. I recommend this plant to anyone who thinks they have a black thumb, it is easy to grow, I have grown all these from seed and it was surprisly easy. This is my comment about a plant that I love!

Positive

On Oct 15, 2007, twohawk from Blanco, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

This plant is very happy in my zone, 9a. I have easily rooted
cuttings in water, and in soil, with rooting hormone. My
first plant is over 4ft tall, and 4ft wide.

Positive

On Sep 2, 2007, Samanatee from Athens, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I purchased several varieties of coleus that were about 8" tall and planted them in clusters in small plastic pots, having no idea how much they would grow. They are about three feet tall now and absolutely beautiful. I've mixed them with salvia, which is an attractive combination. I plan to separate and replant the coleus soon and bring them inside for the winter, since I live in Zone 7b. They do require heavy watering here, but are worth the effort, since the leaves provide rich, continuous color.

Positive

On Apr 27, 2007, JanCile from Panama City, FL wrote:

These plants are wonderful! They don't have blooms but the foilage they produce are always a surprise. My Mama always had them, she called them "Joseph Coats" because their colors were so varied. They are great for containers inside and when put in a bed outside, they put on quite a show. I like to have them in pots so that I can move them around. I live in the Florida Panhandle so I can pretty much have them all year.When I do plant them outside, if the temp. drops below 45 for very long I cover them but the sunlight the next day is all they need. No two are exactly alike. That is their beauty. You can start them by seed in a couple of weeks or pinch a leaf with enough stem to stick in a pot of soil and give it a several days and you've got a Coleus.

Positive

On Jan 23, 2007, Sparisi1122 from Gloucester, MA wrote:

I loves these plants. They are realy pretty. I also hear some people get high off them. Weird huh?

Positive

On Oct 25, 2006, Fleurs from Columbia, SC wrote:

I'm embarrassed to admit that before this year I've thought Coleus were somewhat plebeian shade plants. After visiting some wonderful gardens this Summer, I see how perfect Coleus are for weaving color echoes, transforming plant combinations from humdrum to incredible. Some cultivars are amazingly sun tolerant, even in my hot Southeastern Zone 8 garden. Easily overwintered indoors, Coleus are a snap to propagate.

Positive

On May 25, 2004, Docgreenthumb from Creston, IA wrote:

I love this plant. It is incredibly easy to care for and look amazing. If the plant gets too tall and spindly, jut pinch it back about 6-8 inches, pinch off the bottom leaves and stick it in water. In about 2-4 weeks it will have enough roots on it to be planted back into the soil. This plant is great for wintering over, just by propagating it as such.

--Docgreenthumb

Positive

On Nov 20, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

Another beautiful plant I've seen all my life, but I only started growing them a few years ago. They look good in large plastic containers that will hold water longer than clay pots, and I especially like to grow them with colorful, ornamental sweet potato vines hanging out of the pots, either the purple-black or chartreuse colored ones, depending on which color contrasts better with the colors of the coleus. The sweet potato vines will have to be trimmed back frequently, but the trimmings can be rooted in water.

Coleus can be grown permanently in the ground in the Tropical South, zones 9b and higher, as they are a tropical perennial. I've read that the more red pigment in the plant, the more sun tolerant it is, but most like filtered shade. They can be cut back by a t... read more

Positive

On Nov 19, 2003, mrsmitty from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

The small oak leafed varieties tend to overwinter better and don't send out flower spikes as often. This kind also works well as a hanging basket variety.

Positive

On Aug 22, 2003, cynthiac from Watauga, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Great plant, and the colors are striking. I'm growing it with Persian Shield; they both get the same part shade, fertilizer, watering, and easy care.
Both plants were started from cuttings last year, this year they are HUGE! Very easy to care for and insects have never bothered mine at all.
I bring mine in for the winter. Then cut them back before they go back outside.

Positive

On Jul 2, 2003, dejavu from Rochester, NY wrote:

Started a colorful variety from seed and planted them under a bush and near a big tree. They provide a spectacular burst of bright color in the shade! I wish they were perennial.

Positive

On Apr 26, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

The colors are pretty, and vary from coral to white, through red, purple and pink. It grows and reproduce easily. If you are only interested in the foliage, itīd be necessary to watch over for flowers. Remove the young inflorescence, because blooming redirects the plantīs energy from leaves to flowers, so the leaves become small and the plant loses its form.

Neutral

On Apr 17, 2003, molli66 wrote:

The plants leaves (foliage) is used as a drug (brewed as tea). Be aware of this if you have children that may eat parts of plants. Keep out of reach !

Positive

On Apr 3, 2003, icetv wrote:

Buying established 1-2 ft plants was key. Mine over grew it's welcome in a hanging plant. I planted it in the landscaping and it grew almost 4 foot high and 3 foot in diameter. Was definately awesome to see.