Flowering Quince
Chaenomeles speciosa

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Chaenomeles (kee-no-MAY-leez) (Info)
Species: speciosa (spee-see-OH-suh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden

Category:

Shrubs

Height:

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

Spacing:

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

Hardiness:

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Danger:

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pink

Red

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Foliage:

Deciduous

Other details:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Non-patented

Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored

Regional

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

,

Birmingham, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Chino Valley, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona

Deer, Arkansas

Horseshoe Bend, Arkansas

London, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Amesti, California

Anderson, California

Cool, California

Knights Landing, California

Sacramento, California

San Anselmo, California

Santa Barbara, California

Denver, Colorado

Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut

Green Cove Springs, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Cordele, Georgia

Evans, Georgia

Hoschton, Georgia

Royston, Georgia

Indianapolis, Indiana

Logansport, Indiana

Ottawa, Kansas

Ewing, Kentucky

Mc Dowell, Kentucky

Lisbon, Maine

Cumberland, Maryland

Oxon Hill, Maryland

East Longmeadow, Massachusetts

Fiskdale, Massachusetts

Lynn, Massachusetts

Scituate, Massachusetts

Shelburne Falls, Massachusetts

Wellfleet, Massachusetts

Byhalia, Mississippi

Carriere, Mississippi

Maben, Mississippi

Tupelo, Mississippi

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Ava, Missouri

Purdy, Missouri

Tamworth, New Hampshire

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Elba, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Hillsborough, North Carolina

Columbus, Ohio

Hilliard, Ohio

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Spavinaw, Oklahoma

Eagle Point, Oregon

Gold Hill, Oregon

Hillsboro, Oregon

Klamath Falls, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Sherwood, Oregon

Albion, Pennsylvania

Edinboro, Pennsylvania

Glenshaw, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Camden, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Mount Pleasant, South Carolina

Pickens, South Carolina

Bolivar, Tennessee

Clarksville, Tennessee

Crossville, Tennessee

Sevierville, Tennessee

Baird, Texas

Belton, Texas

Clarendon, Texas

Clarksville, Texas

Kaufman, Texas

Mc Kinney, Texas

Fredericksburg, Virginia

Manassas, Virginia

Mathews, Virginia

Maurertown, Virginia

Richmond, Virginia

Temperanceville, Virginia

Wytheville, Virginia

Everett, Washington

Gold Bar, Washington

Ridgefield, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Elkins, West Virginia

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:

5
positives
3
neutrals
1
negative
RatingContent
Negative

On Apr 11, 2012, eclecticcottage wrote:

We inherited a well established quince when we bought our Cottage-actually, several well established quince. One appeared to have been planted deliberately, the others volunteered themselves in other places in the garden and had grown rather large in the absence of anyone to stop them (the Cottage was vacent and severely neglected when we bought it). It is quite lovely in bloom, but I spent evey week last year killing off volunteers sprouting amoungst my perennials and in places I didn't want them (too close to the house, where previous volunteers had grown and scratched the siding quite deeply and also put holes in screens). I am considering digging a "trench" around the one parent plant and installing a few feet of metal trim we had left over to try to keep it from continuing to sprea... read more

Positive

On Mar 21, 2012, JonthanJ from Logansport, IN wrote:

Pearl left us some of this in 1952. Frost in our part of Zone 5 can blast the flowers, but the years in which they do make it are ample reward. It took a while to figure out that serious pruning, not unlike what works for Lilacs, can make a better show and help the shrub to produce nice tall branches for cutting. Unfortunately, the flower color is strongly connected to how much sun the plant gets, so flowers on cut branches will bloom out lighter and lighter colors as the display sits inside.

Once established the shrub will both spread out and spread by shoots coming up from the roots. These sprouting roots are remarkably persistent. If you want to entirely remove an older clump, it is a lot of work to get the plant entirely out of the site.

Positive

On Oct 8, 2009, R_Gordon from Oxford, MI wrote:

We've had the flowering quince for 10-12 years. It was subject to slow growth in the first several years due to winter pruning by rabbits. My wife was disappointed that I failed to surround the plant with a barrier so each year we expected flowers but nothing happened. Within the last couple years the plant has taken off and is now prolific with spring blossoms and to our surprise this year it has 3 fruit that are about 3-4 inches in diameter. We will harvest the fruit and get our first taste of quince. We've enjoyed watching the changes over the years and expect to do so for years to come

Positive

On May 4, 2008, Jodaen from McLean, VA wrote:

I have a large specimen in my backyard (12'H x 15'W), that begins to bloom in late Feb. and still has several blooms on it today. I usually harvest enough fruit each year to make a few cans of preserves. It and the two smaller ones I added a couple of years ago are about the only things that the deer leave alone.

Positive

On Mar 26, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

A few years ago, we planted seven Quince along the top
of what I often call a ditch. For some odd reason, the county
decided to raise their mowers all the way up on our bank,
shredding one of our Quince. I was mortified!

Apparently he either realized what he had done or saw
me coming with a shotgun (just kidding) but he lowered
the mower back down to the ground and proceeded. The
spot he chose was not even county property to mow!
The odd thing is, he started in the middle of the bank,
not the end. To help protect them, I now keep large
chunky rocks in between the plants.

Other than being completely scalped, it survived. It
is not as tall as the others, but I'm sure it will catch up.
... read more

Neutral

On Feb 29, 2004, rudie from Panama City, FL wrote:

I live in St. Petersburg, Florida and saw a sprawling tree that had to be about 20' tall by 20'wide that had a bloom very similar to a red quince. I'm curious if these bushes grow naturally into standards like crape myrtles or was it something else?

Positive

On Jan 11, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

'Texas Scarlet' is a very low-growing cultivar, usually under 12", and is fairly spreading in habit. Fewer thorns than most, with a prolonged flowering habit, often from February through April.

Neutral

On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Jet Trail' is a compact flowering quince cultivar which typically grows only to 2-4' tall. It is a dense, twiggy, spiny, deciduous shrub noted for its pure white, early spring flowers and its compact, broad-spreading habit. Five-petaled white flowers (1.5" diameter) appear in small clusters mostly before the foliage emerges in an extremely showy early spring bloom. Flowers are followed by hard, yellowish-green fruits (quinces) which ripen in autumn. Although edible, quinces are too bitter to be eaten directly from the plant, but are sometimes used in preserves and jellies.

Neutral

On Aug 11, 2001, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Deciduous shrub,6-10 ft(2-3 m)high,similar or greater spread,rounded outline,sometimes erect,tangled and dense twiggy mass,spiny branches.Leaves alternate,simple,ovate to oblong,1 to 3 inches long,sharply serrate,lustrous dark green above,stipules large on current seasons growth.Flowers red,pink to white look like large apple blossoms,start to appear before leaves in spring (sporadically in fall), solitary or 2-4 per cluster,about 1 3/4 inches across,showy.Fruit yellowish green with reddish blush, 5-6 cm long, fragrant,speckled with small dots, ripen in early fall.
Sun (best for full flowering) to partial shade. Adaptable to many soil conditions,does well in dry situations. Prune to remove older branches,or cut to 15 cm above ground to renew