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PlantFiles: Species Orchid, Southern Twayblade, Neottia
Neottia bifolia

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Family: Orchidaceae (or-kid-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Neottia (nee-OT-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: bifolia (by-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)

Synonym:Bifolium australe
Synonym:Diphryllum australe
Synonym:Diphryllum bifolium
Synonym:Ophrys australis

Category:
Perennials

Height:
under 6 in. (15 cm)

Spacing:
6-9 in. (15-22 cm)

Hardiness:
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)
USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

Danger:
Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:
Maroon (Purple-Brown)

Bloom Time:
Late Winter/Early Spring
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer
Mid Summer

Foliage:
Herbaceous
Smooth-Textured

Other details:
Very high moisture needs; suitable for bogs and water gardens
This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:
Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By ovrfncs
Thumbnail #1 of Neottia bifolia by ovrfncs

By ovrfncs
Thumbnail #2 of Neottia bifolia by ovrfncs

Profile:

No positives
1 neutral
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

RatingAuthorContent
Neutral Todd_Boland On Jan 17, 2005, Todd_Boland from St. John's, NL (Zone 5b) wrote:

This is yet another non-descript orchid with minute flowers. The blooms are maroon and the unique feature is the relatively long, deeply split lip (10 mm). The lip reminds one of insect antennae. They are inhabitants of rich sphagnum bogs. Overall they are quite rare. They occur from Nova Scotia, the New England States and the SE States.

Regional...

This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Morrilton, Arkansas



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