Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Croton
Codiaeum variegatum 'Aureo-maculatum'

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Codiaeum (koh-dih-EE-um) (Info)
Species: variegatum (var-ee-GAY-tum) (Info)
Cultivar: Aureo-maculatum

One member has or wants this plant for trade.

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade
Light Shade

All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested
Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:
White/Near White

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring
Late Spring/Early Summer

Grown for foliage

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest
Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)
7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)
7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Propagation Methods:
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:
N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed

Click thumbnail
to view:

By giancarlo
Thumbnail #1 of Codiaeum variegatum by giancarlo


2 positives
No neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive RichnSD On Jul 30, 2012, RichnSD from Lake San Marcos, CA wrote:

My croton is still small- the first one I've grown. I noticed the leaves were kind of small, so I added some zinc fertilizer which helped a lot. Now the leaves are bigger and shinier.

Positive handbright On Jun 14, 2005, handbright from Coral Springs, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

This plant is in deep shade all winter here, zone 10b. In the summer it is in full 12 o'clock high and on to sunset western sun. This is the only plant that I have found that will tolerate the heat of summer, and yet put up with the dark of winter, in this zone. The root temp remains fairly constant however, as it is planted in a garden bed island that is sunk in a brick patio surround and grown (fairly) close to the house. A great problem solver foundation plant for this type location. (Other croton have not faired as well in this space).


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Big Pine Key, Florida
Boca Raton, Florida
Cape Coral, Florida
Hollywood, Florida
Miami, Florida
Pompano Beach, Florida
West Palm Beach, Florida

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