Photo by Melody

PlantFiles: Black Maple
Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum

Family: Sapindaceae (sap-in-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Acer (AY-ser) (Info)
Species: saccharum subsp. nigrum

Synonym:Acer nigrum

2 vendors have this plant for sale.

2 members have or want this plant for trade.


over 40 ft. (12 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)
USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)
USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)
USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)
USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)
USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)
USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)
USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)
USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Sun to Partial Shade


Bloom Color:

Bloom Time:
Mid Spring

Grown for foliage
Good Fall Color

Other details:
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Provides winter interest

Soil pH requirements:
5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)
6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)
6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:
Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:
From woody stem cuttings
From softwood cuttings
From semi-hardwood cuttings
From seed; stratify if sowing indoors
From seed; direct sow after last frost
By grafting
By budding

Seed Collecting:
Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Click thumbnail
to view:

By slyperso1
Thumbnail #1 of Acer saccharum subsp. nigrum by slyperso1


1 positive
2 neutrals
No negatives

Gardeners' Notes:

Positive Rickwebb On Jan 24, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

The Black Sugar maple is just as handsome as its Common Sugar Maple brother. Its leaves are 3-lobed rather than 5-lobed and if it is a pure specimen, it has two little stipules on the bottom of the leaf stem (petiole). There are many individuals with the 3-lobes, but no stipules. Some of the new cultivars that are more drought tolerant, grow a little faster, and have red fall color are either Black or partial Black in variety.

Neutral Malus2006 On Mar 1, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

There are good numbers of it at the Minnesota Arboretum. Can be tough to difference from Sugar Maple - generally but not 100% proof Black Maple only have bright yellow fall color - no red or oranges in it but still very lovely compare to some other yellows.

Neutral berrygirl On Mar 16, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

Acer saccharum nigrum BLACK MAPLE Dec (z4) (NAm,Ed)
Boasting "all the fine qualities of the Sugar Maple: it is long-lived, stately, gorgeous in its autumnal coloration"(Peattie) & mid-westerners say !, yields more & better syrup; 3-lobed lvs, velvety beneath. S/M


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Boise, Idaho
Aurora, Illinois
Atalissa, Iowa
Halifax, Massachusetts
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Bucyrus, Ohio

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