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Texas Umbrella Tree
Melia azedarach 'Umbraculiformis'

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Family: Meliaceae (me-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Melia (ME-lee-uh) (Info)
Species: azedarach (az-ee-duh-rak) (Info)
Cultivar: Umbraculiformis





20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Seed is poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Pale Pink

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring



Other details:

Flowers are fragrant

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Suitable for growing in containers

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Green Valley, Arizona

Maricopa, Arizona

Barstow, California

Concow, California

Redlands, California

Yucca Valley, California

Hessmer, Louisiana

Las Vegas, Nevada

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 19, 2013, LydiahAnne from Green Valley, AZ wrote:

I planted this tree last year about late summer. It was about 6ft tall. I lost all the leaves-they turned yellow and fell off--thought it had died. Spring rolled around this year, we turned on the drip and it started to get green leaves. No kidding! It got branches real fast, and the trunk thickened up. It got to 12 feet tall. We started the tree with the fertilizer we had on hand for all of our other plants and trees. 'Arizona's Best' general type. Than it started getting yellow leaves again in the summer time-I asked a garden shop what was wrong-he said-its a thick leaf tree and they probably aren't getting enough sunlight. I thought what? The tree is out in the front yard, nothing blocking the sunlight. So I cut back on the watering. Thinking I was over watering. Than I read, ... read more


On May 9, 2005, sun_baked_in_AZ from Maricopa, AZ wrote:

planted first one this spring; leafing out well and producing seeds already; even the cutter flies are not bothering this one.