Across the planet, people are planning backyard habitats. This is the use of plants, water and shelter that makes it possible for our wild friends to co-exist with us. Many people put in butterfly gardens and many put in ponds or fountains for birds. Some encourage snakes and frogs or foxes and deer.
Whatever the wildlife you are trying to attract, it is necessary to provide them the basic comforts of life. Food sources are furnished by careful selection of plants that each species needs to survive. A source of water is needed for all animals and a safe retreat when they feel threatened. Research the wildlife in your area and determine what you want to co-exist with. And be sure to make your habitat in a place where you can view your new nieghbors for hours of interesting critter watching!
In the United States, anyone (even those in urban or suburban settings) can apply to have their backyard certified by the National Wildlife Federation. Their website contains the application and guidelines for the required features providing food, water and shelter for wildlife: http://www.nwf.org/