Till it to a depth of 20 centimetres in spring or, preferably, fall.
If you start in fall, plant thickly with buckwheat after tilling. Rake the buckwheat under before the sprouts get taller than 15 centimetres (in two to four weeks).
Immediately reseed with another crop of buckwheat, again tilling it under before the seeds set. Then let the area sit for the winter. (This technique, known as green manure, gives dry, sandy soil the nutrients native grasses and wildflowers need to flourish. Skip this step if your soil is already fertile.)
After spring thaw, cover the tilled area with heavy black plastic for two or three weeks, so the weed seeds will germinate and die. This method is only practical for smaller areas.
Remove the plastic and plant your native grass and wildflower seeds or seedlings. You may wish to arrange them separately. Include a variety of plants, such as goldenrod, fireweed, lupine, thistle, phlox, and black-eyed Susans, to ensure that nectar and seeds are available from spring through fall. Biennials and perennials take longer to establish than annuals but last longer.
After seeding, lightly mulch the area and tamp it down. Do not add fertilizer. It will create more foliage and fewer blooms. Water regularly until plants are well established, weeding out undesirable growth.
Mow the meadow in late fall to help the plants reseed themselves.
Be patient! Some wildflowers may take two seasons to come into bloom.
Wednesday, August 2, 2006
Growing Paw Paw
I found this webpage.