Viewing tabasco's Garden Diary: Butterfly Gardening with Ohio Wildflowers--sources and seeds
We try to plant as many native (or near native) butterfly nectar and host plants as realistically possible. In the past sources around here have been rare or non-existant although in recent years more and more nurseries and organizations are growing these plants for sale. One of the best annual sales is at Mount St. John in Beavercreek area east of Dayton.
Saturday, May 26, 2012
Midwest Wildflowers for a Butterfly GardenThis is an entry from an online wildflower message board written by 'NEWisc':
You've already got one of the host plants that I would consider a cornerstone - the Asclepias. You've also got a great combination for the Monarchs; I don't know of any nectar plant that the monarchs like more than Liatris ligulistylis.
You've also got several species covered with your shrubs and trees. One other shrub that is a host plant for many butterflies are the Salix species. If you like any of the native willows I would consider adding one of those.
The fritillaries are easily accommodated by any of the native violets. The violets give you lots of different butterflies for just one species of plant. Some violets will do well in shade, so that gives you and opportunity to 'extend' your butterfly garden into shady areas.
One of the Baptisia would provide a host plant for those species that need legumes (Fabaceae) for host plants. These are colorful, attractive plants that would fit well even into more formal gardens. Baptisia australis is a long lived blue flowered plant with interesting foliage that is also a favorite nectar source for the skippers.
Speaking of skippers, many of these use grasses for host plants. Consider choosing one of the native prairie grasses for your butterfly garden. They can add another dimension to your butterfly garden from an aesthetic point of view, as well as serve as host plants. They can also help keep some of the forbs from flopping over.
One more plant that I almost always recommend for a butterfly garden is one of the Zizia species (Golden Alexanders). My particular favorite is Zizia aurea. It's a host plant for the black swallowtail. Now you will see a lot of butterfly gardeners recommending dill, parsley, or fennel for this butterfly. But I have to confess right up front that I tend to look at what's best for the butterflies (rather than people) when I think about a butterfly garden. Black swallowtails have two generations in my area (possibly three in your area). Dill, parsley and fennel just cannot be counted on to cover all of the generations. Zizia can be counted on to provide each generation of caterpillars with a good food supply. I happen to think that the Golden Alexander is an attractive plant, but as you know beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
Saturday, May 26, 2012
Butterfly Host plants from Easyliving Native//www.easywildflowers.com/quality/butterfly%20host%20plants.htm
Many midwestern native host plants and their corresponding butterfly species are listed here.
Saturday, May 26, 2012
A list of wildflower host and nectar plants from Iowa State//www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/RG603.pdf
Saturday, May 26, 2012
Prairie Nursery American Native Sample Gardens Catalogue//www.prairienursery.com/store/images/Wholesale%20Catalog.pdf
An excellent resource for Butterfly and Hummingbird nectar and host plants and seeds. They also offer a full array of pre-planned wildflower gardens.
Friday, July 16, 2010
Late summer nectar plant suggestions from Univ. of Ky.Right behind the asters is our state flower, the goldenrod,
which is used by at least 18 species. Contrary to popular mythology,
this species does not cause hay fever or allergic reactions
to the pollen. Some species are not recommended, like
Canada or tall goldenrod, because they are aggressive and allelopathic
(containing chemicals that inhibit other plants from
growing around them). Some nonaggressive species are Ohio,
showy, rigid, and gray.
Plants in the Genus Eupatorium
The joe-pye-weeds native to Kentucky are E. fistulosum and
E. maculatum (spotted). These are large plants reaching 10 to
15 feet tall that bloom in late summer. To keep them at a manageable
size, cut the stalk when the plant is about 4 feet tall.
All the Eupatoriums are excellent in attracting butterflies.
Mistflower (E. coelestinum) has bluish-purple flowers that skippers
love. Finally, if you have an out-of-the-way place, put in a
little ironweed and vervain.
Tuesday, July 7, 2009
Meredith's Seed Starting DG Journal and Tips
Includes many tips and info on seed starting, sources, supplies, links:
Wednesday, July 1, 2009
All about Liatris: An article from BBG
I am going to order Liatris Ligustylus plants from Prairie Moon and see how our Monarchs like it.
July 2012 Note to Self: I did plant 20 tiny Liatris Ligustylus and Yes, indeed, the Monarchs love this liatris like crazy. They go straight for this plant.
An excellent article on Liatris from Bill Cullinane of the New England Wildflower Society: //www.newfs.org/publications-and-media/articles/from-bill-cullina-blazing-star.html/
How to grow Liatris from seed from The New England Wildflower Society:
Raising blazing stars
Blazing stars are easily raised from seed and often bloom their first year. We collect seed once the pappus fluffs out in late summer or fall, then dry the seed indoors for a few days before placing it in a paper envelope in the refrigerator.
To germinate, the seeds require about 12 weeks of cold, moist conditions. You can sow the seeds in the ground or in pots in late fall, placing the pots in a cold frame or other protected spot until winter has passed. Or you can mix the seeds with a handful of moistened vermiculite, sphagnum moss, or sand in a sealed plastic bag, place it in the refrigerator for three months, and then in spring sow the lot in a pot or in the garden.
Seedlings emerge with a pair of fleshy cotyledons (seed leaves) once the weather warms. After a few days, a single grass-like leaf grows from their center, followed quickly by another and another until each little plant looks like a tuft of grass.
We transplant the seedlings once the first grass-like leaf is visible because at this stage the root system is still small and less easily damaged. If transplanted into individual pots or directly into the garden, the seedlings will grow into a big leafy clump that may even send up a flowering stem or two by the end of the summer.
All the blazing stars perform best with at least four hours of direct sun. With the exception of Liatris spicata and a few others that can tolerate wet soils, they prefer well-drained, moist-to-somewhat-dry conditions and a soil that is slightly acidic to neutral in pH.
Tuesday, January 22, 2008
Wetlands friendly plants for ButterfliesEupatorium perfoliatum (Boneset)
Silphium perfoliatum (Cup Plant)
Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower)
Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum tolerates shade
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata (aggressive?)
Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata
Marsh (Spike) Blazingstar Liatris spicata
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
Golden Alexander Zizia anrea