podster's Journal: Companion Planting

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Companion planting //www.rexresearch.com/agro/comp1.htm


Agriculture Articles



Companion Plants ~ Insect-Repellant Plants ~ Beneficial Insects

Companion Plants

Amaranth -- Corn, Onion, Potato
Angelica -- Incompatible with Dill
Anise -- Beans, Coriander /// Incompatible with Basil, Rue
Apple -- Chives /// Incompatible with: Potato
Asparagus -- Basil, Marigold, Nasturnium, Parsley, Tomato /// Incompatible with Mint, Onion
Basil -- Beans, Cabbage, Marigold, Pepper, Tomato -- Incompatible with Rue
Beans -- Beets, Borage, Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Celery, Collards, Corn, Cucumber, Nasturnium, Petunia, Potato, Squash, Strawberry, Summer Savory, Sunflower, Tomato /// Incompatible with Chives, Onion, Garlic, Fennel, Gladiolus, Leek
Bee Balm -- Tomato /// Incompatible with Field Mustard
Beets -- Basil, Bush beans, Cabbage, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Onion, Sage, Tomato /// Incompatible with Pole beans, Mustard
Borage -- Squash, Strawberry, Tomato
Broad Beans -- Corn /// Incompatible with Kohlrabi
Broccoli -- Beans, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Mints, Nasturtium, Onion, Oregano, Potato, Rosemary, Sage /// Incompatible with Lettuce, Strawberry, Tomato
Brussel Sprouts -- Beans, Celery, Dill, Hyssop, Mints, Nasturtium, Potato, Rosemary, Sage /// Incompatible with Strawberry
Cabbage -- Aromatic herbs (repel Cabbage Worms), Bush Beans, Beets, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Geranium, Hyssop, Lavender, Marigold, Mint, Nasturnium, Onions, Oregano, Potato, Rosemary, Sage, Tansy, Thyme, Tomato /// Incompatible with Dill, Grapes, Mustards, Rue, Strawberries, Tomatoes
Calendula -- Tomato (Repels tomato worms, asparagus beetles)
Caraway -- Peas /// Incompatible with Fennel
Carrots -- Chervil, Chives, Leaf lettuce, Leeks, Onion, Peas, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Tomato, Wormwood /// Incompatible with Anise, Dill
Cauliflower -- Beans, Beet, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Hyssop, Lavender, Mints, Nasturtium, Onion, Oregano, Radish /// Incompatible with Dill, Strawberries, Tomatoes
Celery --Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Leek, Onion, Spinach, Tomato /// Incompatible with Corn
Chamomile -- Cabbage, Mint, Onion, Squash
Chervil -- Carrots, Radish
Chives -- Carrots, Grapes, Parsley, Tomato /// Incompatible with Peas, Beans
Collard Greens -- Tomatoes
Coriander -- Anise, Potato /// Incompatible with Fennel
Corn -- Amaranth, Beans, Cucumber, Geranium, Lamb's Quarters, Melons, Morning Glory, Peas, Potato, Pumpkin, Sow Thistle, Squash, Sunflower /// Incompatible with Celery, Tomato
Cucumbers -- Beans, Broccoli, Celery, Corn, Lettuce, Marigold, Nasturnium, Onion, Peas, Radish, Savory, Sunflower, Tomato /// Incompatible with: Potato, Rue, Sage
Dill -- Cabbage, Lettuce, Onion /// Incompatible with Carrot, Tomato
Eggplant -- Amaranth, Beans, Peas, Spinach, Tarragon, Thyme
Fennel -- Incompatible with Beans, Caraway, Dill, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Tomato, Wormwood
Fig -- Incompatible with Rue
Flax -- Carrot, Potatoes
Garlic -- Beets, Carrots, Chamomile, Lettuce, Raspberry, Roses, Tomato, Summer savory /// Incompatible with Beans, Cabbage, Peas, Strawberries
Grapes -- Clover, Geranium, Hyssop, Oregano /// Incompatible with Cabbage, Radish
Hyssop -- Cabbage, Grape
Kohlrabi -- Beets, Cucumber, Onion /// Incompatible with Pole Beans, Pepper, Strawberry, Tomato
Leek -- Carrots, Celery, Onions /// Incompatible with Beans, Broccoli
Lettuce -- Beet, Cabbage, Carrot, Clover, Corn, Cucumber, Melon, Onion, Peanuts, Peas, Radish, Strawberry, Sunflower
Lovage -- Beans
Melons -- Corn, Nasturnium, Radish
Mint -- Cabbage, Tomatoes /// Incompatible with Chamomile, Parsley
Nettle -- Increases the oil production of herbs
Onions -- Amaranth, Beets, Cabbage, Carrot, Celery, Chamomile, Leeks, Lettuce, Pepper, Potato, Roses, Sow Thistle, Strawberry, Summer savory, Tomato /// Incompatible with Beans, Peas
Oregano -- Cabbage, Cucumber
Parsley -- Asparagus, Carrot, Chives, Onions, Roses, Tomato /// Incompatible with Mint
Petunia -- Beans
Peanuts -- Squash, Corn
Peas -- Aromatic herbs, Beans, Carrots, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Potato, Radish, Spinach, Turnips /// Incompatible with Garlic, Gladiolus, Leek, Onion, Potoato, Shallots
Peppers -- Basil, Carrot, Lovage, Marjoram, Onion, Oregano /// Incompatible with Fennel, Kohlrabi
Plum -- Horseradish
Pole Beans -- Radish // Incompatible with Beets, Sunflower
Potatoes -- Amaranth, Beans, Corn, Cabbage, Eggplant, Flax, Horseradish, Lettuce, Lima Beans, Marigold, Onion, Petunia /// Incompatible with Cucumber, Pumpkin, Radish, Raspberry, Sunflower, Squash, Tomato
Pumpkin -- Corn, Dastura /// Incompatible with Apple, Potato, Raspberry, Rosemary, Tomato
Radishes -- Beans, Beets, Carrots, Chervil, Cucumber, Lettuce, Melons, Nasturnium, Parsnips, Peas, Spinach, Squash /// Incompatible with: Brussels sprouts, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Grape, Hyssop, Kohlrabi, Potato, Turnips
Raspberry -- Tansy /// Incompatible with Potato
Rhubarb -- Columbine, Garlic, Onion, Roses
Rose -- Beans, Cabbage, Carrot, Sage /// Incompatible with Potato
Rosemary -- Beans, Cabbage, Carrots, Sage /// Incompatible with Potatoes
Rue -- Figs, Raspberry, Rose, Strawberry /// Incompatible with Basil, Cabbage, Sage
Sage -- Beans, Cabbage, Carrot, Marjoram, Peas, Rosemary, Strawberry, Tomato /// Incompatible with Cucumber, Rue
Savory -- Beans, Onions
Southernwood -- Cabbage
Sowthistle -- Corn, Onions, Tomato
Soybeans -- Everything
Spinach -- Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Eggplant, Onion, Peas, Strawberry
Squash -- Beans, Corn, Cucumbers, Icicle radishes, Mint, Nasturnium, Onion /// Incompatible with Potatoes
Strawberries -- Beans, Borage, Comfrey, Lettuce, Onion, Spinach /// Incompatible with Broccoli, Brussle Sprouts, Cabbage, Califlower, Kohlrabi
Sunflower -- Cucumber /// Incompatible with Cabbage
Tansy -- Fruits, Peppers, Potato, Rose, Raspberry
Thyme -- Cabbage
Tomatoes -- Asparagus, Basil, Bee Balm, Carrot, Celery, Chives, Garlic, Lemon Balm, Onions, Marigold, Mint, Nasturtium, Parsley, Peas, Sage /// Incompatible with Cabbage, Cauliflower, Corn, Dill, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Potato
Turnip -- Peas


Insect-Repellant Plants

Basil -- Flies, Mosquitoes, Asparagus Beetle
Borage -- Tomato Worm
Calendula -- Asparagus Beetles, Tomato Worms
Catnip -- Ants, Aphids, Cockroaches, Flea Beetle, Japanese Beetles
Chrysanthemum -- Mexican Bean Beetle
Cosmos -- Mexican Bean Beetle
Coriander -- Aphids
Dandelion -- Colorado Potato Beetle
Dead Nettle -- Potato Beetle
Fennel -- Fleas
Flax -- Potato Beetle
Garlic -- Aphids, Apple Scab, Borers, Japanese Beetles, Peach Leaf Curl Disease, Spider Mites
Geranium -- Cabbage Worm, Red Spider Mite
Henbit -- General insect repellant
Horseradish -- Potato Beetle
Hyssop -- Cabbage Moth
Lavender -- Mice, Ticks, Moths
Marigold -- Mexican Bean Beetle, Nematodes
Mint -- Ants, Aphids, Cabbage Moth, Fleas, Mice
Mole Plant -- Mice, Moles
Nasturnium -- White Flies, Squash Bugs, Striped Pumpkin Beetle, Wooly Aphid (apple)
Oregano -- Cabbage Butterfly, Cucumber Beetle
Parsley -- Beetles
Pennyroyal -- Fleas, Flies, Mosquitoes
Pot Marigold -- Asparagus Beetle, Tomato Worm
Radish -- Cucumber Beetle
Rosemary -- Bean Beetles, Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly
Rue -- Flies, Japanese Beetle, Cats, Dogs
Sage -- Bean beetle, Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly, Slugs
Southernwood -- Cabbage Moth
Sunflower -- Armyworm
Tansy -- Ants, Fleas, Flies, Japanese Beetle, Moths, Striped Cucumber Beetles, Squash Bugs
Thyme -- Cabbage Worm
Wormwood -- Animals

Beneficial Parasitoid Wasps and Hoverflies are attracted to: Alyssum, Buckwheat, Cilantro, Fennel, Mustard, Phacelia, and Yarrow (J. Luna, et al., Organic Farming Research 6:7-9)

"Pollen and Nectar plants" that attract beneficial predator insects: Carrot, Catnip, Coneflowers, Daisy, Dill, Fennel, Goldenrod, Lemon Balm, Mint, Parsley, Peppermint, Spearmint, Thyme, Yarrow.


Beneficial Insects

Assassin Bug -- Caterpillars, Flies
Big-Eyed Bug -- Aphids, Caterpillars, Leafhoppers, Mites; attracted by Clover, Goldenrod, Soybeans.
Braconid Wasp -- Aphids, Armyworm, Cabbageworm, Cornborer, Codling Moth, Elm Bark Beetle, Horn Worm; Attracted by Dill, Parsley, Yarrow.
Damselbug -- Aphids, Caterpillars, Leafhoppers, Thrips; Attracted by Alfalfa.
Ground Beetle -- Caterpillars, Cabbage Maggot, Colorado Potato Beetle Larvae, Cutworms, Slugs, Snails; Attracted by Clover.
Honeybee -- Pollinator
Hover Fly (Syrphid Fly) -- Aphids
Ichneumon Wasp -- Beetle larvae, Caterpillars, Sawfly,
Lacewing -- Aphids, Corn Earworms, Mites, Thrips
Lady Beetle -- Aphids
Minute Pirate Bug -- Leafhopper nymphs, Spider mites, Thrips
Predatory Mite -- European Red Mites, Spider Mites
Praying Mantis -- Also predates beneficials
Rove Beetle -- Aphids, Cabbage Maggot, Flies, Mites, Springtails
Soldier Beetle -- Aphids, Beetle larvae, Caterpillars, Corn Rootworm, Cucumber Beetle, Grasshopper eggs ; Attracted by Goldenrod, Milkweed, Hydrangea
Spined Soldier Bug -- Caterpillars, Sawfly larvae
Tachinid Fly -- Caterpillars
Tiger Beetle -- General predator
Yellowjacket -- Flies, caterpillars

Entries and Updates

  Feb 8, 2009  
Basil Good ~ Pepper, Tomato, Marigold

Bush Beans ~ Good ~ Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Celery, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Lettuce, Pea, Radish, Strawberry, Savory, Tansy, Marigold
Bad ~ Onion

Pole Beans ~ Good ~ Carrots, Corn Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Pea, Radish, Savory, Tansy
Bad ~ Beets, Onion

Beets ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Cabbage, Onion, Sage

Cabbage Family ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Beets, Celery, Onions, Tomato, All Strong Herbs, Marigold, Nasturtium
Bad ~ Strawberry

Carrots ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Lettuce, Onion, Peas, Radish, Tomato, Sage
Bad ~ Dill
Celery ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Cabbage, Onion, Spinach, Tomato

Corn ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Cucumber, Melons, Peas, Squash
Bad ~ Tomato

Cucumbers ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Corn, Lettuce, Onions, Peas, Radish, Marigold, Nasturtium, Savory
Bad ~ No Strong Herbs

Eggplant ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Spinach

Lettuce ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Carrots, Cucumbers, Onion, Radish, Strawberries

Melons ~ Good ~ Corn, Nasturtium, Radish

Onion ~ Good ~ Beets, Cabbage, Carrots, Celery, Cucumber, Lettuce, Pepper, Squash, Strawberries, Tomato, Savory Bush Beans, Pole Beans,
Bad ~ Peas

Parsley ~ Good ~ Tomato

Peas ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Carrots, Corn Cucumber, Radish, Turnips Onion

Pepper ~ Good ~ Onion

Radish ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Pole Beans, Carrots, Cucumber, Lettuce, Melons, Peas, Squash
Bad ~ Hyssop

Spinach ~ Good ~ Celery, Eggplant, Cauliflower

Squash ~ Good ~ Corn, Onion, Radish

Strawberry ~ Good ~ Bush Beans, Lettuce, Onion, Spinach
Bad ~ Cabbage

Tomato ~ Good ~ Cabbage, Carrots, Celery, Onion, Mint
Bad ~ Corn, Fennel

  Sep 5, 2010  

Companion Planting for insect control
by Julie Sedwick
Certain plants grow better when in company of other plants. The science of companion planting is utilizing this information to enhance the plant performance as insect controllers. This type of planting can be done easily, however with some experiments on your own, you can make it more successful. Companion planting can be successful in one garden and may be a failure in the other. This variation could be due to diverse conditions pertaining to the gardens.
Beneficial habitats or refugia are another kind of companion planting to attract insects. Companion planting for insects is planting flowers, herbs, trees and shrubs to deter or entrap harmful insects. This type of planting includes planting plants that attract beneficial insects who feed on other harmful insects. Thus companion planting benefits include giving bio-pesticides to the soil and environment.
Inter planting the African marigold with a variety of crops deters the nematodes. Its roots release a chemical called thiopene which is a nematode repellent.
Tansy, Onions and plants in mint family repel ants when planting with other plants. Aphids are repelled if chives, garlic, marigolds and mint family are used for companion planting. Rosemary, Sage and Thyme are extremely good for inter planting as they repel cabbage moths. Inter planting tomatoes and celery discourages the cabbage worms. If marigold, green beans, Nasturtiums and Flax are used for companion planting, Colorado potato beetles are repelled. Planting radishes and Tansy with cucumber will prevent the attack of cucumber beetles. Tansy and basil are commonly used in companion planting as they discourage flies. Planting garlic and catnip deters flea beetles. Planting garlic prevents the onion flies from spoiling the crop. Whiteflies stay away if Marigold and Oregano are used in planting.
Using dill, mustard, thyme and sweet clover in planting will attract aphid midge whose larvae prey on aphids. Companion planting hedgerows, attracts assassin bug that eat insects like flies, tomato hornworm and large caterpillars. Inter planting cool season cover crops like berseem clover and subterranean clovers encourages Bigeyed bugs that feed on flea beetles, spider mites, insect eggs and small caterpillars. Braconid wasps are invited upon planting nectar plants with small plants. These feed upon Armyworm, cabbageworm, codling moth, gypsy moth, European corn borer, beetle larvae, flies, aphid, caterpillars and other insects. Planting the sunflower family with other plants results in magnetizing Damsel bug that eats aphids, thrips, leafhopper, treehopper and small caterpillars. On companion planting amaranth and white clover with orchards attracts Ground beetle which preys on slugs, snail, cutworm and cabbage-root maggot. Planting the carrot family, sunflower family and corn with a variety of other plants draws Lacewing and Neuroptera family that eats soft-bodied insects like aphids, thrips and mealybug.
Planting alfalfa, morning glory, yarrow and goldenrod attracts lady beetles which prey upon aphids, mealybug, spider mite and soft scales. Minute pirate bugs feed upon a variety of insects including spider mite and leaf hopper. It can be attracted by companion planting the plants from carrot family and sunflower family. Inter planting the cosmos and brambles attracts Praying Mantis that feeds upon every insect. Inter planting rye, grains and some cover crops invites Rove beetles that consume aphid, springtail nematode and flies. On companion planting caraway, dill, fennel, cosmos and marigold with other garden plants attracts spiders. Spiders munch on many harmful insects.
There are some plants that trap harmful insects. Companion planting Nasturtiums helps in trapping aphids. Similarly both radish and nasturtium entrap flea beetles. Egg plant too is good for this type of planting as it traps potato bugs. Planting black-eyed peas is beneficial as it traps stink bugs and saves the orchards.
Even though Datura is not a very good plant, on companion planting, it deters Japanese beetles. Planting dead nettle controls the attack of potato bugs. Another general insect repellent is Henbit. Mole plant is superb for companion planting as it control the invasion of moles and mice. Inter planting Pennyroyal prevents the ants and plant lice from entering your garden. Petunia is fabulous for companion planting as it not only deters beetles; it is also a great visual treat.
Companion planting some perennials tempts Tiger beetles that prey on many insects. Similarly planting the carrot family and sunflower family attracts Whitefly parasitic wasp that feeds on greenhouse whitefly and sweet potato whitefly.

Companion Planting Vegetables For Increased Crops
by Jason Anderson

Companion planting in your vegetable garden is a great way to increase the size of the crop you will have when it comes time to harvest. The right combination of vegetables planted together improves growth, reduces disease, encourages beneficial insects to thrive in the garden, and discourages pests.

But companion planting vegetables does have it's drawbacks, as some vegetables are much more fussy than others about who they are planted next to. This simple guide will help you with a few of the more common combinations you should keep in mind when companion planting vegetables.

Asparagus get on well with most vegetables, but their ideal companions are tomato, parsley and basil.

Bush beans like potatoes, cucumber, corn, strawberries and celery, but hate onions. On the other hand, pole beans are a little more selective they only like corn and radishes, and hate beets as well as onions.

The cabbage family (broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and kale to name a few) like many companions - beet, celery, cucumber, lettuce, onion, potatoes and spinach. But they have a few hates as well - dill, strawberries, pole beans and tomatoes.

Carrots get on well with a wide variety of vegetables - peas, lettuce, rosemary, onions, sage and tomatoes. Just keep them away from dill.

Celery is also a very accepting vegetable, liking onions, the cabbage family, tomatoes and bush beans. Like asparagus, they don't hate any vegetables.

Keep your corn away from tomatoes, but to keep it happy plant it near potatoes, beans, peas, pumpkins, cucumber and squash.

Cucumber doesn't like being near aromatic herbs or potatoes, but plant it near beans, corn or peas and it will be happy.

Lettuce is an accepting plant, not hating any vegetables but appreciating being planted next to carrots, strawberries and cucumbers.

Onions generally like being planted next to beets, carrots, lettuce and the cabbage family, but keep them away from beans and peas if you want good results.

Peas like being planted next to carrots, turnips, cucumbers, corn and beans, but be sure to not plant them near onions or potatoes.

Speaking of potatoes, you should plant them near beans, corn and members of the cabbage family for best results, and make sure they are away from pumpkins, squash, tomatoes and cucumbers.

Finally the humble tomato - one of the more popular summer vegetables for the gardener to grow. For the best results plant them near onions, asparagus, carrots, parsley or cucumbers, but keep them well away from potatoes or members of the cabbage family.

This isn't a fully comprehensive list obviously there are many more types of vegetables available for you to plant in your vegetable garden, and this article could easily double or triple in size if we tried to include everything. But this list of the more common vegetables should be a good start in helping you plan the layout of your vegetable garden for the next year.

So give companion planting in your vegetable garden a try. You'll find you'll have happier, healthier plants in your vegetable garden, which in turn will give you tastier vegetables to feed you and your family.

Find out more about companion planting and many other gardening topics at //garden.bemiso.com - learn how you can make your garden grow faster, healthier and produce larger crops than you ever thought possible.

Article Source: //www.guidestogreaterliving.com/articles

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