Summer is halfway over. But that doesn’t mean the planting season is. Depending on what part of the world you live in, you can either be putting more crops in the ground or getting others started. Here is a simple overview of what can be planted in each time zone. This list is not exhaustive and there may be a few crops that are missing for your area.
With such a short time in between frost dates, there is not much to be planted at this time. Zone 1 can plant cabbage, kohlrabi, and rutabagas. Zone 2 can also plant the same as zone 1 with the addition of broccoli, Brussels sprouts, carrots, celery, kale, leaf lettuce, and radish. Zone 3 & 4 can also add turnips and tomatoes on top of what zones 1-2 have.
Vegetables such as lettuce, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and celery can be started as seeds indoors or in a greenhouse while others such as spinach, sweet potatoes, tomato, eggplant, pepper, potatoes, winter squash, melons, corn and bush beans should be directly sowed into the ground. Come August, start seeds for kale, lettuce, cabbage, spinach, broccoli, beets and carrots to add to your garden bounty.
Now is the time to start some seeds indoors. Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and beans can be started inside. Others such as corn, beans, tomato, sweet potatoes, eggplant, peppers, winter squash, and celery should be planted straight in the ground. Around the middle of August you can start seeds for kale, mustard, radishes, turnips, more lettuce, more cabbage, beets, spinach, and carrots to add to the mix.
With the hottest months hitting at the end of July through August, caution must be used in starting colder weather vegetables outside. Start seeds now for carrots, bush and pole beans, lima beans, tomatoes, and broccoli. In August, you can start seeds for carrots, broccoli, beets, peas, turnips, winter squash, Irish potatoes, mustard greens, cucumber, collard greens, spinach, lettuce and kale. Don’t forget to space out seed starters around two weeks apart for more produce.
July is a great month for starting some fall seeds for planting. Starters can include bush, pole, and lima beans, Brussels sprouts, cabbage and tomatoes. In the beginning of August, you can start the first batch of seeds for beets, kale, winter squash, broccoli, peas, turnips, cucumber, Irish potatoes, spinach, collard greens, mustard greens, lettuce and carrots and follow up with a second batch near the middle or end of the month.
The month of July is almost too hot for most vegetable starters other than Brussels sprouts, okra, large watermelon, eggplant, lima beans, peppers and southern peas. However, next month starts the time of the cool season vegetables such as bush and pole beans, sweet corn, cucumbers, pumpkins, summer and winter squash, stake tomatoes, broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens, onions, and turnips.
Right now it is almost too hot to plant many new plants, but you can start your Brussels sprouts now. You can also plant the last of the tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, potatoes, corn, celery and sweet potato in the ground if you already have seeds started. In a couple of weeks you can start cabbage, lettuce, spinach and winter squash.
Since temperatures fluctuate every year, be careful to pay attention to the temperature in your area before putting seedlings or sprouts in the ground. Make sure to give them plenty of water for the first week or so after planting to give them a good start. Remember, to get the most out of your plants, spread planting times out a week or more. This will ensure you have produce growing the entire season.