Editor's Note: This article was originally published on October 19, 2008. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments.)


Helen Hayes

Helen Hayes, the rose. This is one of Dr. Brownell's sub-zero, Hybrid Tea roses. It was bred in 1956 from R. wichurana x Sutter's Gold. If you are a petal counter, you will count forty-three on Helen Hayes. Its four to five inch blossoms have an enchanting fragrance and are the color of a blushing sunrise when they reach full bloom. It is interesting to note that when the 'Helen Hayes' rose first opens its petals, they are a soft yellow hue. The petals actually blush in shades of pastel orange and pink by full bloom. This rose will delight all of the admirer's senses as it blooms in flushes all through the season. And since it is hardy to -15 degrees Fahrenheit without protection, it is one that gardeners in the northern zones can enjoy.

ImageThe 'Helen Hayes' rose grows up to 4 feet tall and is resistant to most common rose problems; however, it is susceptible to mildew. Prune in the spring by removing old canes, dead or diseased wood and neaten by cutting back canes that have tangled around one another.

Several Brownell Hybrid Tea Varieties [1]

'Mary Wallace'bred from the Van Fleet Climbers
'Break o' Day'a double apricot rose
'Lily Pons'buttery yellow blooms which resembles stars
'Pink Princess'a disease-resistant and hardy rose
'Early Morn'delicate pink blooms
'V-For-Victory'yellow blooms of unfading beauty
'Anne Vanderbilt'semi-double blooms of red-orange with splashes of yellow
'Curly Pink'bred from 'Pink Princess' and 'Crimson Glory'
'Dolly Darling'semi-double petals with crimson touches
'Red Duchess'the Brownells considered this rose their best. Deep red with maroon

Three Brownell Hybrid Teas which have the same yellow and orange coloring as 'Helen Hayes' are 'Lafter', 'Tip Toes' and 'Orange Ruffels'.

Image A word about Hybrid Teas.
Created to be the perfect rose, the Hybrid Teas were first bred in France and England during the later part of the nineteenth century from Hybrid Perpetuals and Hybrid Teas. Hybrid Teas commonly bear one rose per stem. The elegant buds are somewhat conical in appearance and open into fragrant, double flowers. Among the many rich hues of Hybrid Teas for the gardener to choose from are blues, also known as lavenders, deep reds, sunny yellows, oranges and pure whites. In fact, there are too many shades to mention in this short article.

Image Planning a Rose Garden
I cannot express enough how important it is to plan before planting any garden. But since a rose garden is generally a formal affair, it must be planned to perfection. Research is an important step in planning a rose garden. Consider factors such as the amount of wind your chosen rose garden site will receive. No one, including roses, wants to be beaten to death by hard winds. Choose roses which will grow well in your climate and particular soil type. Always amend the soil if needed. Draw the rose garden on graph paper before planting. This step will help you visualize the garden before actual work has begun. Once the rose garden is complete all the research, planning and hard work will be worth the effort.


Helen Hayes in a cropped
screenshot of the 1943 film
'Stage Door Canteen'

Cropped screenshot of the 1943 film
'What Every Woman Knows'

Helen Hayes in a 1956, 20th
Century Fox cropped
screenshot of 'Anastasia'

Helen Hayes, the woman. Helen Hayes was born on October 10, 1900 in our nation's capital, Washington DC. She began her acting career at the tender age of five. Her career spanned a lifetime, as she did not stop acting until the age of eighty-five. During her career, she received four of the prestigious entertainment awards. She was one of only two women to receive all four of the awards. She won three Tony awards, two Oscars an Emmy and a Grammy. She also won a special career achievement award. In 1983, the Helen Hayes Awards were established.

Helen Hayes' Films [2]

Jean and the Calico Cat, 1910
The Weavers of Life, 1917
Babs, 1920
Riders of the Range, 1924
The Dancing Town,1928
The Sin of Madelon Claudet, 1931
The Son-Daughter,1932
A Farewell to Arms,1932
Another Language, 1933
Night Flight, 1933
The White Sister,1933
What Every Woman Knows,1934
Crime Without Passion,1934
Vanessa: Her Love Story, 1935
Sidewalks of London, 1938
Hollywood Goes to Town,1938
Stage Door Canteen,1943
Anna Karenina, 1948
My Son John, 1952
Main Street to Broadway,1953
Light's Diamond Jubilee, 1954
Richard III, 1955
The Skin of Our Teeth, 1955
Anastasia, 1956
Banner in the Sky, 1959
The Cherry Orchard,


The Challenge of Ideas,1961
Arsenic and Old Lace, 1969
Airport, 1970
Do Not Fold, Spindle or Mutilate, 1971
Harvey, 1972
Fear Is a Free Throw, 1973
Corpse and Robbers, 1973
The Devil Made Me Do It, 1974
Black Day for Bluebeard, 1974
Herbie Rides Again, 1974
One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing, 1975
Victory at Entebbe,1976
A Family Upside Down,1978
Murder Is Easy, 1982
A Caribbean Mystery,1983
Murder with Mirrors, 1985

Helen Hayes' final stage performance was in 1971, in Long Day's Journey into Night. Due to a severe allergy to dust, her doctor ordered her to quit the stage or she would die. Afterward she remained active as a spokesperson for Meals on Wheels as well as presiding over the annual Helen Hayes Awards. She did television and movies as well.

Helen Hayes died in Nyack, New York at the age of 92 on March 17, 1993. Her many movies, television appearances, photographs and recordings are all we have left of her now. For those of us who are Helen Hayes fans, we will always have fond memories of her. And we have her rose. [3]

[1] The Brownell Hybrid Teas
[2] The Official Site of Helen Hayes: Films
[3] Biography of Helen Hayes

Additional Research for the Reader
Dave's Garden PlantFiles Cultivar Finder: Roses
Dave's Garden Roses Discussion Forum
Dave's Garden Photos at Landscaping.com You will be amazed by what you see here. Beautiful work!

Photo Credits
The Helen Hayes rose and Hybrid Tea rose photographs are from my gardens.
The photographs of Helen Hayes, the woman, are public domain.
The photograph at the top right of this article is of Helen Hayes, taken in 1921 by Mary Dale Clarke, and is public domain.
Additional photographs are public domain.

Image Pleasant gardening