Many experts say America is going through a water crisis with more shortages ahead. Let's consider some better ways to enjoy water in our home's outdoor environment without adding to the problem.
Build a Small Pond For The Garden
If the container isn’t watertight, add a piece of pond liner. Add a layer of gravel and rocks. Use logs or stones to create a range of depths and add a slope for access and egress. If your container isn’t close to the ground, you’ll need to provide a ramp
Fill your pond with rainwater. Tap water contains too many chemicals.
You will need a few plants. Good plants for small ponds include: a miniature waterlily such as Nymphaea "Pygmaea Helvola", lesser spearwort (Ranunculus flammula), starwort (Callitriche stagnalis), and flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).
Add a few fish and don't forget fish food.
Protecting Your Pond From Predators
Small, shallow ponds can make fish easy prey. Most predators will not venture into ponds where fish have room to hide or where hunting them and escaping is difficult.
If you are building an additional pond or expanding an existing one, make it as large and deep as possible and with steep sides. If you plan to have koi, a depth of three to four feet is recommended. You can elevate your plants with rocks, and any plant shelves should be 12" to 16" deep so they can't be used by predators as access points.
Always locate your pond where you can observe it from a window, and have a light for illumination as well as to deter predators.
Make a Patio or Deck Mini Pond
Do you want to enjoy the sights and sounds of water, but don't have the time, money or space for a large pond? Or maybe you already have a pond but want to add another water feature somewhere else like a deck or patio. A mini pond might be the perfect solution.
Patio ponds, also called container water gardens, work well for smaller spaces and budgets. They're a good choice for places where you can't bury a basin. And a myriad of options lets you create a water feature that reflects your style.
Patio ponds are easy to install and maintain. The first step in creating one is selecting a container to serve as the base of your water feature. Bowls come in a wide variety of sizes, shapes, and materials, such as clay and lightweight, durable fiberglass composites that resemble stone.
Aeration Is Essential
Nobody wants a bowl of stagnant water, so the next step is deciding how to move the water in your mini pond. There are three basic options for adding flow: spitters, fountains, and filters.
Spitters are the most common choice for mini ponds. They use a pump to spit a constant stream of water into the bowl, producing the sounds of water. Some popular spitter designs include frogs, turtles, and cranes. Spitters also work great for the edges of a pond and on top of sunken basins.
Fountains are the next step up from spitters. Although most people hide fountain bases underground, small fountains can also be attractive in a small pond.
A container water filter is the most discrete option for creating moving water in a mini pond. These devices include a small pump that moves the water through a replaceable carbon insert to keep the water clear. Suction cups secure it to the bowl. Place underwater or let it rise above the water's surface to create a rain effect and help aerate the water.
Filters can be used in addition to or in place of a spitter or fountain, and they're a must if you decide to add fish to your mini pond.
Add The Plants
Plants will add color and also remove excess nutrients from the water, helping to prevent algae. Be sure to pick varieties that don't mind wet roots. A potted waterlily will live happily in a larger patio pond. Creeping jenny, cattails and cannas can work well in a mini pond. Water hyacinths and water lettuce float on the water's surface.
Add rocks or underwater lighting to your mini pond for an additional decorative touch.
Solar Water Features
By converting sunlight into energy, solar fountains are able to operate without the use of electricity or batteries. Solar panels designed to absorb and retain energy from sunlight and convert it into power operate the fountain's pump.