Red Pine, Norway Pine

Pinus resinosa

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: resinosa (res-in-OH-suh) (Info)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Prescott, Arizona

Bear, Delaware

Lisle, Illinois

Wheaton, Illinois

Michigan City, Indiana

Lawrence, Massachusetts

Traverse City, Michigan

Brainerd, Minnesota

Crosslake, Minnesota

Ely, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

North Platte, Nebraska

East Aurora, New York

Sandusky, Ohio

Youngstown, Ohio

Reading, Pennsylvania

Scranton, Pennsylvania

Valley Forge, Pennsylvania

Appleton, Wisconsin

Rhinelander, Wisconsin

Stevens Point, Wisconsin

Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 5, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This is my favorite of all pines! I think it has the prettiest bark of most all pines and the long 6" needles in 2's are soft to touch. I first saw it vacationaing in the northwoods of Minnesota and Wisconsin. It grows well in my native northern Illinois if the soil is acid. I was thrilled to find some good specimens growing in my old friend's backyard in Wheaton, Il, west of Chicago, because this species often dies from yellowing stunt in Chicagoland because the soil is not acid enough or it is a heavy clay. My friend's backyard had a pH of 6.5 and a deep silty topsoil. His front yard was pH 6.8, which also may have been alright, but I am not sure of the exact breakoff point where the pH is too high. It can't be over pH 7. The Austrian Black Pine, very similar looking, is much more common... read more


On Mar 15, 2007, berrygirl from Braselton, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Also known as 'American Red Pine'.


On Mar 15, 2006, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

This tree seem to love sandy soil, being more common here in Coon Rapids compare to Minneapolis and St. Paul, which is made of clayish loam. It seem to be a bit vulnerable to winter burns, especially near roads, so don't plant them near the street due to salts. It also dislike shade, not as strongly as Red Cedar, so don't plant it 30 feet or closer to a large tree - even when the other tree are still about 3 to 4 feet tall. Trees will grow fast, becoming large in 20 to 30 years. They tend to shed, making it difficult for mows to shred the leaves and can be painful to walk on barefoot. Use the area around the tree as a mulch and plant groundcover or maybe even try acid loving plants! (Of course, you need to add acid fertilizers).


On Jan 28, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A straight trunked pine that has a very northern range. Mostly seen in New England, MI, WI and MN.

It has a unique identifying trait wherin the 4" to 6" needles break sharply when bent. No other pine in it's range has this characteristic.

Old cones do not remain on the tree and the1 1/2" to 2 1/2" cones are thornless.

This is a beautiful tree used often in reforestation, often called the Norway Pine, but is native only to North America.