Fragaria Species, Alpine Strawberry, Sow-Teat Strawberry, Wild Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry

Fragaria vesca

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Fragaria (frag-AY-ree-uh) (Info)
Species: vesca (VES-kuh) (Info)
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Edible Fruits and Nuts


Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas

Alameda, California

Berkeley, California

Los Altos, California

Mountain View, California

Redwood City, California

San Francisco, California

Colorado Springs, Colorado

Denver, Colorado

Jacksonville, Florida

Orange Springs, Florida

Colbert, Georgia

Thomasboro, Illinois

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Calvert City, Kentucky

Falmouth, Maine

Portland, Maine

Chevy Chase, Maryland

Chicopee, Massachusetts

Millbury, Massachusetts

Royal Oak, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint James, Missouri

Denville, New Jersey

Haines Falls, New York

Syracuse, New York

Cleveland, Ohio

Glouster, Ohio

Salem, Oregon

North Augusta, South Carolina

Westmoreland, Tennessee

San Antonio, Texas

Locust Dale, Virginia

Richland, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Falling Waters, West Virginia

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Gardeners' Notes:


On May 26, 2012, grevay from Falmouth, ME wrote:

I believe I have wild strawberry. Question, I'm afraid that it may kill off some of my perennials if I do not remove them, which seems almost impossible. Am I correct that other plants, perennials, may be strangled out of their habitat?


On Apr 12, 2011, Erutuon from Minneapolis, MN wrote:

Planted seven small alpine strawberries (spring 2010), six in a nice location, one in a sunny, hot place near a sidewalk. Watered them consistently, and they grew large and produced new crowns. They bore strawberries constantly from summer till frost. They survived the winter in excellent condition.

This spring (2011) I divided the 6 clumps into 30 new plants. I planted the ones with long roots in sunny spots, those with undeveloped roots in shade. I was thinking of buying more plants this year, but I sure don't need to now!


On May 26, 2009, anelson77 from Seattle, WA wrote:

Useful groundcover for part shade which quickly fills in any gaps but is easily removed where unwanted. In June there are tiny, fairly tasty berries.


On Aug 13, 2008, julsinjax from Jacksonville, FL wrote:

Planted 1st starter Spring 2008, got a few sweet berries before the slugs. Planted 2nd starter early summer 2008, 1st plant appeared to die. 2nd plant is thriving and beginning to spread.


On Feb 6, 2008, Susan_C from Alameda, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Attractive in a cottagy garden. Grows and fruits well in partial shade and makes for good snacking in the garden. It self-sows readily but is not invasive.


On Jan 5, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Alpine Strawberry, Sow-teat Strawberry, Wild Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry Fragaria vesca is Native to Texas and other States.


On Jun 24, 2005, zeldonian from Haines Falls, NY (Zone 4b) wrote:

Grows wild in my area, along roadsides and open fields. The berries are tiny, the biggest about 1/2 an inch long. They are also one of the tastiest things ever. Very sweet, with full strawberry flavor. They spread quickly, by seeds, as they lack runners.


On May 21, 2005, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

I purchased mine from White Flower Farm in 2002. I love these cute little plants. They are clumping, never running. They begin to bloom and set fruit in June and don't quit until frost if kept moist. They are a great edging plant with foliage that is always attractive and the little white flowers just peek above the leaves. The fruit is little and soft, but very sweet. If you want more of these, just dig up your clumps in early spring, divide, and plant. The only pest problem is slugs and sow bugs that beat me to the berries, so I keep snail/slug bait on hand.


On Jul 9, 2003, Fritaly from Cleveland, OH wrote:

Definitely grows like a weed, but it's beautiful and useful.
So far, I've eaten about 5 of the berries and they are as tasty as any store bought variety (though softer). Hey, fresh fruit is a good thing! My dog also thinks they're good.
It's funny, my husband tried to rip them up last year- thought they were a weed. Now they are back with a vengeance in the landscaping of the front yard. They must like mulch!


On Oct 7, 2002, snailfarm from Victoria/Australia,
Australia (Zone 10a) wrote:

The berry is sweet and lovely to eat,especially when grown in cool areas. It seems that when weather is very hot,the taste is rather bland, so it needs to ripen not too fast.


On May 2, 2002, Lilith from Durham,
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Like a diminutive version of the Garden Strawberry, the fruits of the Wild Strawberry are less succulent but full of flavour. Plants spread by low, arching stems called runners. The fleshy part of a Strawberry is derived from the swollen base of the flower, the fruits proper being the yellowish pips on the surface.