Species Lilium, Tiger Lily

Lilium lancifolium

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lilium (LIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: lancifolium (lan-sih-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Synonym:Lilium leopoldii
Synonym:Lilium lishmannii
Synonym:Lilium tigrinum
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9 - Species

Flower Habit:

(c) Down-facing


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Flower Shape:


Bloom Size:

6" to 12" (151 mm to 300 mm)

Color Pattern:





Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

By dividing the bulb's scales

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From bulbils

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Bessemer, Alabama

Jones, Alabama

Montgomery, Alabama

Northport, Alabama

Tuscaloosa, Alabama(2 reports)

Vincent, Alabama

Anchorage, Alaska

Kenai, Alaska

Malvern, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Brownsville, California

Canoga Park, California

San Francisco, California

Colorado Springs, Colorado

Sterling, Colorado

Apopka, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Gainesville, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Old Town, Florida

Orange Springs, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida(2 reports)

Cornelia, Georgia

Dallas, Georgia

Hawkinsville, Georgia

Mcdonough, Georgia

Royston, Georgia

Thomasville, Georgia

Wrens, Georgia

Evanston, Illinois

Freeport, Illinois

Jacksonville, Illinois

Macomb, Illinois

Morris, Illinois

Nilwood, Illinois

Rockford, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Westchester, Illinois

Williamsville, Illinois

Bremen, Indiana

Demotte, Indiana

Farmersburg, Indiana

La Porte, Indiana

Macy, Indiana

Mooresville, Indiana

Des Moines, Iowa

Hutchinson, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

Lancaster, Kentucky

Mc Dowell, Kentucky

Collinston, Louisiana

Elm Grove, Louisiana

Skowhegan, Maine

Brookeville, Maryland

Millersville, Maryland

Preston, Maryland

Brockton, Massachusetts

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Halifax, Massachusetts

Haydenville, Massachusetts

Hyde Park, Massachusetts

Pepperell, Massachusetts

Quincy, Massachusetts(2 reports)

Springfield, Massachusetts

Ann Arbor, Michigan

Charlevoix, Michigan

Elkton, Michigan

Grand Rapids, Michigan

Grosse Pointe, Michigan

Houghton Lake, Michigan

Lakeview, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Nashville, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Red Wing, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Grenada, Mississippi

Mathiston, Mississippi

Columbia, Missouri

Mount Vernon, Missouri

Springfield, Missouri

Ogallala, Nebraska

Reno, Nevada

Auburn, New Hampshire

Dover, New Hampshire

Greenville, New Hampshire

Littleton, New Hampshire

Malaga, New Jersey

Mauricetown, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

South Plainfield, New Jersey

Los Alamos, New Mexico

Brooklyn, New York

Buffalo, New York

Croton On Hudson, New York

Nineveh, New York

West Babylon, New York

Bessemer City, North Carolina

Concord, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina(2 reports)

Graham, North Carolina

Raeford, North Carolina

Wilsons Mills, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Cleveland, Ohio

Columbus, Ohio

Englewood, Ohio

Tipp City, Ohio

Jay, Oklahoma

Newalla, Oklahoma

Okeene, Oklahoma

Baker City, Oregon


Salem, Oregon

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Butler, Pennsylvania

Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania

Fayetteville, Pennsylvania

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania

Malvern, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

, Quebec

Wakefield, Rhode Island

Conway, South Carolina

Laurens, South Carolina(2 reports)

Murrells Inlet, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Huron, South Dakota

Christiana, Tennessee

Crossville, Tennessee

Germantown, Tennessee

Hixson, Tennessee

Kingsport, Tennessee

Knoxville, Tennessee

Lafayette, Tennessee

Westmoreland, Tennessee

Brazoria, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Center, Texas

Fritch, Texas

Gilmer, Texas

Kilgore, Texas

Paris, Texas

Richmond, Texas

La Sal, Utah

Montpelier, Vermont

Fancy Gap, Virginia

Jonesville, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Manassas, Virginia

Belfair, Washington

Bremerton, Washington

CHIMACUM, Washington

Camas, Washington

Eatonville, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Selah, Washington

Washougal, Washington

White Center, Washington

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

Altoona, Wisconsin

Madison, Wisconsin

Minocqua, Wisconsin

Thiensville, Wisconsin

Cody, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 20, 2017, Pberkley from Municipality of Monroeville, PA wrote:

Not sure what type of Tiger Lilies I have, but I know they're tiger lilies. They're wild. They were along a roadside in the country and a few were dug up and brought home to plant. This was a few years ago. They are pretty, but they spread like crazy and last year, they had taken over a third of my flower garden and were intruding on all my other plants. In the fall I dug most of them up and replanted them to a separate garden where they can spread away and I won't care about them "taking over". But when I got them, I never expected them to be so evasive. Planters beware!


On Nov 12, 2014, keithp2012 from West Babylon, NY (Zone 7a) wrote:

This Lily grows great in my area! I get nearly 6 foot plants with beautiful Orange blooms and abundant bulbils. It never sets seed, however I tried cross pollinating with 6 other Lily pollens and one took and I got close to 200 fertile seeds in my tiger lily pod! Can't wait to see what the offspring will be like!


On Jun 20, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

It's true that this species (Lilium lancifolium) is a carrier for viruses that can cause more serious problems for other lilies in your garden---for this reason, serious lily collectors don't grow it.

It's also true that it's naturalized in northeastern and midwestern North America. However, it is nowhere considered ecologically invasive or a noxious weed, and it's not known to hybridize with native lilies in the wild. [[email protected]]

In New England where I garden, the bright red lily leaf beetle, introduced from Europe twenty years ago, makes lily cultivation difficult. It arrived on a shipment of lilies, and I hope no one inadvertently sends it to other... read more


On Jun 19, 2014, bottlegreen from Saint Paul, MN wrote:

What could be lovelier than lilies, smiling at the earth with their petals reflexed? How about hundredsno, thousandsof them, clogging up your garden and harboring viruses to transmit to the other (well-behaved) lilies? I'm now on my second year of an eradication program, trying to get rid of all the stem-bulbil forming ones, both orange and yellow, hoping that down the road persistence will pay off. Think twice before planting this terribly invasive species!


On Jul 9, 2013, missmary01963 from Knoxville, TN wrote:

I found my Tiger Lilly growing in some weeds next to my fence last year not knowing what it was, but was sure that it was some type of flower. I transplanted it into my garden and this year it is over 5 ft tall and absolutely gorgeous. The flowers are over 5 inches across. I am looking forward to having a whole bed dedicated to the Tiger Lilly. Thanks to the other posts on how to grow the bubil? I will have plenty to share with friends and other gardeners!! I am in Knoxville Tn.


On Sep 17, 2009, JerryMurray from Belfair, WA wrote:

Noxious weeds have taken America by storm; whether grasses, annuals, perennials, shrubs or trees. Non-native plants should not be allowed to naturalize in a non-native environ, excepting 'possibly' a yard. Yet, dependent on how the plant diseminates seed and propagates, one must take caution. Some people think ivy and Scot's broom are decorative - now they have taken over many wild areas of the western US from Canada to Chili. Lilium lancifolium can be a weedy species, depending on location. What we gardeners do not want to see is a non-native lily marching across the nation and hybridizing with native lilies. I believe lancifolium is a weedy naturalized pest in the mid to eastern US.

Be very careful that if you do grow them do so in a closed environment, that they are kept... read more


On Jun 17, 2008, elissad from Lafayette, IN wrote:

My tiger lily just sprouted up last year by an act of nature. It is growing in a quite shady spot and maybe only receives and hour or two of light per day. Last year I had 2 stalks and this year I'm up to 7. At the end of this growing season I plan on moving it to an area where it will be more appreciated, yet away from my other lilies where it may negatively affect them.


On Jun 9, 2008, debric from Hyde Park, MA wrote:

I have been growing this plant for the past 8 years and find that they are absolutely beautiful. Over the past three years, I have noticed a red bug that has been eating the leaves and leaving a black sack on the underside of the leaves. I have sprayed an insecticide, but that is only a temporary remedy. Does anyone know what this insect is or how to keep it off of the flowers?


On Apr 24, 2008, holeth from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I think they're beautiful & hardy. They do multiply a little in zone 6, but they're not terribly prolific.

Unfortunately, in eastern PA people often say "Tiger Lily" when they mean "wild orange daylily." This could lead to confusion in trading.


On Apr 8, 2008, feelinmymonkie from Clover, SC wrote:

I had only one plant last summer, & I harvested the seed pods. I stored them in my fridge for about 6 weeks & then put them in a glass of water by a window. When the tip of the seed started looking like a root was coming out I put the seed in a pot of soil & every seed made a new plant! I hope this information will be useful for someone else because I had to try a lot of different methods before I found one that worked.


On Jan 17, 2008, fburg696 from Farmersburg, IN wrote:

Very nice plant for the garden, there have been tiger lilies at my house since as long as I can remember and they come back and multiply every year. I just throw the bulbils on the ground when they are ready and nature does the rest.
They grow under wisteria vines so I can use the vine to hold them up and its a great alternative to staking!
Great color and stature, some of mine get well over 5ft in height. Great summer show.


On May 6, 2007, RaiderLep from Los Alamos, NM (Zone 5a) wrote:

These are tough, easy to grow plants that yeild an abundance of beautiful orange flowers. However, I agree with several experts that they can be a dangerous disease carrier. I planted several of them next to a mass planting of Stargazer Lilies last spring. The Tiger Lilies look great this year and have multiplied. Unfortunately, approximately one-third of the neighboring Stargazers have streaked leaves this year and they're smaller than their healthy counterparts. I planted around twenty other Stargazer bulbs from the same supplier in other parts of the yard and all of them look great so far.

If you could keep these plants isolated I would give them a positive rating. If you plant them near other lilies (or anything else), you may be asking for trouble. I can't prov... read more


On Aug 2, 2006, southern_nj from Mauricetown, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

this lily appeared out of nowhere and rapidly multiplied. all bulblets sprouted, it took over.


On Jul 25, 2006, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

These lilies are soooo striking and exotic looking. Also very easy to grow, as stated above.

The only problem I have is that it takes so long for mine to flower. I planted mature plants two-three years ago and they're finally flowering now and still, only two of the stems. I'm going to transfer most of them to 100% full sun this fall.

These plants produce a lot of bulbils, I've sometimes counted four at one leaf axis and they detach easily but I don't see this as being invasive.

Most of the bulbils I've collected have sprouted in the plastic cup collection cup.


On Jul 18, 2006, Sherlock221 from Lancaster, KY wrote:

This is a reliable bloomer. It grows nearly 5 feet tall in my garden. It tolerates part-shade very well. It has nice, dark green foliage and sturdy stems. The down facing flowers have curled back petals and are an electric orange color with purple spots.


On Jul 9, 2006, flakeygardener from Montreal, QC (Zone 5a) wrote:

I grow this in Zone 5a and my sister grows it in Zone 4a. She gave me - 5 plants 4 years ago and I forgot them in a plastic bag at my mother's for two weeks. I finally brought them home and planted them - after a few more days. The next year I had 8 plants. This year I have 17. I have neglected them badly. I'm not much of a weeder. I have a city garden that had not been used for years (if ever). The earth is heavliy laced with clay from 75 years of run-off from the building I live in.

There is one plant that is not doing well this year. There are only two tiny buds on it and the bulbils (?) are oversized. I'm thinking of taking it out now in case it is diseased.

All the other plants have 6 or more buds on them and I'm expecting the first bl... read more


On May 13, 2006, rubygloomrox from Red Wing, MN wrote:

While they aren't scented, they are super easy to grow and very hardy. They were my first try at collecting seeds to propagate and I ended up with so many plants I had to give them away.
A lot of times when people admire my garden and would like to start gardening themselves, I give them a few of these to s tart with. It is such a confidence booster for the new gardener that they are soon willing to try a lot of other plants.
They look very pretty and striking with the right background. I have them in an area where the color really stands out. Some of my best plant photos are of the tiger lilies.


On Apr 8, 2006, Leehallfae from Seattle, WA wrote:

These grow in Seattle, Washington, Zone 8b.

The only drawback: The bulbs are not sold in any stores.

Gorgeous plants, though.


On Mar 10, 2006, sallyg from Anne Arundel,, MD (Zone 7b) wrote:

This is a sentimental favorite of mine. I remember the bulblets, from childhood, being really 'neat.' My dad gave me the plant back a couple of years ago. Last summer, I cut a stem for him to have in his room at the nursing center where he had rehab. It gave a succession of open flowers for days in such a bright color he couldn't miss it with his bad eyes. Maybe it's good luck too, because he's doing great!


On Jan 15, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

These are big showy flowers that bloom over a decent span of time. There are a couple of things to keep in mind about them. If you don't pick the bulbils off, they can easily take over. Put them where you want them for a long time, because they are hard to move. Not that they don't transplant well, but because they like to keep coming back where they originally were. Also, the pollen does stain and bears a magnetic attaction to white/light clothing! Other than rabbits, I don't think it has any enemies. I've read that it is hardy in zones 1-10. Blooms July-August in my garden.


On Oct 17, 2005, tyshee from Kenai, AK wrote:

Lily blooms well but it blooms so late that one has to hope for a late fall to enjoy it. No other problems.


On Jan 19, 2005, MitchF from Lindsay, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

The rabbits eat them off every time before we get the chance to see the flowers more then a day or two.


On Jan 17, 2005, kdjoergensen from Waxhaw (Charlotte), NC (Zone 7b) wrote:

One of the most handsome lilies you can find. It has a strong orange color with black spots. I simply love the bulbils which form at the leaf axis .. they produce flowering lilies in 2-3 years.

Highly recommended.


On Jul 18, 2004, grammaj46 from Charlevoix, MI (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have had Tiger lillies in my gardens for years, and get many new plants every year. two years ago I transplanted 6 lillies into a new bed, this year I had twice that many mature plants, (shocked me), they over shadowed other plants, so "I bit the bullett" and transplanted them when they were over 2 feet tall, BIG clump of dirt, plenty of water in the next few days, now they`re twice as tall with lots of buds, Needless to say I am pleased. Lucky too!!!!


On May 21, 2004, Dan_Brown from Elm Grove, LA wrote:

I love this plant! I aquired my first bulbs from a neighbor up the dirt road from my house, and they have bloomed faithfully for about six years in a large bed with dutch and bearded irises, hymenocallis, hippeastrum and other lilies like Easter, Stargazer, and some other hybrids! Mine has spread from a clump of about 3 bulbs to about 12 stems and many of the black bubils have come up although these plants are small, but are making bubils of their own. I would like to spread them out but really don't want to disturb them, although my wife would like them carefully separated and planted in several places. Maybe I'll get my nerve soon. As far as the unsightly dead stems, I cut them off at the ground with loping shears as quickly as they die and burn them and it's no trouble.
Blessed, ... read more


On May 8, 2004, pungo from Norfolk, VA wrote:

About 5 years ago I planted 10 of these bulbs. Not one of them sprouted. I don't know if it was my soil or what went wrong.


On Oct 11, 2003, ZenZinnia from Lakeview, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

In my area Lilium lancifolium is very hardy. The flowers last beautifully for about four weeks.


On Oct 10, 2003, echoes wrote:

Lilium lancifolium can be a virus carrier without showing any signs - be sure to keep it away from other lilies!
(Some tulips also can host viruses that do damage to lilies.)

There are both triploid and diploid forms of this lily. Many hybrids have L. lancifolium in their breeding. This lily was long known as L. tigrinum.


On Jul 31, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

I acquired my plants from a fellow Master Gardener at a plant swap in a suburb of Atlanta about three years ago. My plants survived one summer in a pot, and they are now doing quite well in a raised flower bed in northcentral Florida, zone 8b.

The oldest plant grew to about five feet tall this summer, with numerous bulbils and four large flowers. I removed the bulbils just before and during flowering in early June this year, and placed them in pots, and they have begun sprouting, with one new plant gowing about six inches tall in just two months. The tall dying mature stems do become brown and unattractive in late summer, so this tall plant does well in the back of a perennial border, where its late summer unattractive stems can be hidden by later, lusher vegetative gro... read more


On May 17, 2003, jan_M from Creighton,
Canada wrote:

Our Tiger Lilies have lived for many years, even through very cold winters. The bulbils that grow on the leaves can be used to propagate new plants, treated similar to "seeds".

A quite tall plant, for its flower size. A very bright orange, with black spots. The flowers hang down, on droopy stems. Very hardy, and strong rain doesn't even bend them.


On Aug 28, 2002, Baa wrote:

A lily species from China and Japan.

Has long, lance shaped mid to deep green leaves borne on dark stems which are sometimes hairy. Bears reddish orange, pendant, unscented, turkscap (petals strongly recurved) flowers, spotted with purple. Also forms small bulbils in the leaf axils on the upper part of the stems which are quite easy to propagate.

Flowers July - September

Loves moist but well-drained, neutral to acid soil in sun or light shade. It will tolerate slightly alkaline soils and will happily form a clump in the right conditions.