Species Lilium, Turban Lily, Turk's Cap Lily, American Tiger Lily, Swamp Lily

Lilium superbum

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lilium (LIL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: superbum (soo-PER-bum) (Info)
Synonym:Lilium gazarubrum
Synonym:Lilium mary-henryae
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9 - Species

Flower Habit:

(c) Down-facing


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Flower Shape:


Bloom Size:

Smaller than than 3" (75 mm)

Color Pattern:





Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

By dividing the bulb's scales

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Tallahassee, Florida

Waukegan, Illinois

Macy, Indiana

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Freedom, Maine

Belleville, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Frenchtown, New Jersey

Ringoes, New Jersey

Brooklyn, New York

Black Mountain, North Carolina

Brevard, North Carolina

Clyde, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Graham, North Carolina

Tidioute, Pennsylvania

Delano, Tennessee

Viola, Tennessee

Deer Park, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 20, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A very beautiful native true lily. There are varieties with flower colors ranging from red through orange to gold.

Requires consistent moisture---the soil should never be allowed to dry out. Grows in wet meadows and moist woods in the wild, and does best in wet soils in cultivation. So it tolerates poor drainage.

It blooms in early to mid-summer---in Boston, it blooms in July.

Flower size ranges fro 2.5 to 4". Height is usually 4-6', sometimes reaching 8'.

Like most other lilies, it is susceptible to lily leaf beetle here, and its cultivation here requires constant vigilance.

I tried this once in ordinary garden soil and failed with it.


On Aug 28, 2002, Baa wrote:

A very tall species of Lily native to Eastern USA.

Has linear to lance shaped, mid to deep green borne in whorls on stems mottled with greenish purple. Bears pendant, turkscap (strongly recurved petals), reddish orange, unscented flowers, spotted with purple.

Flowers July - September

Loves moist but well-drained, neutral to acid soil in sun or light shade. Will form a large clump where happy.