Claytonia Species, Spring Beauty, Good Morning Spring, Virginia Springbeauty

Claytonia virginica

Family: Montiaceae
Genus: Claytonia (klay-TOH-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: virginica (vir-JIN-ih-kuh) (Info)
Synonym:Claytonia cauliflora
Synonym:Claytonia grandiflora
Synonym:Claytonia media
Synonym:Claytonia multicaulis var. robusta
Synonym:Claytonia robusta
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Batesville, Arkansas

Washington, District of Columbia

Anna, Illinois

Divernon, Illinois

Hampton, Illinois

Hinsdale, Illinois

Newburgh, Indiana

Warren, Indiana

Iowa City, Iowa

Benton, Kentucky

Hi Hat, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Mc Dowell, Kentucky

Brookeville, Maryland

Ellicott City, Maryland

Frederick, Maryland

Gaithersburg, Maryland

Oakland, Maryland

Riverdale, Maryland

Valley Lee, Maryland

Erie, Michigan

Midland, Michigan

Saginaw, Michigan

Sanford, Michigan

University Center, Michigan

Williamsburg, Michigan

Isle, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Cole Camp, Missouri

Carteret, New Jersey

Hopewell Junction, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Columbus, Ohio(2 reports)

Fremont, Ohio

Guysville, Ohio

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Colver, Pennsylvania

Royersford, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Burns, Tennessee

Morrison, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Viola, Tennessee

Clarksville, Texas

Shepherd, Texas

Milton, Vermont

Leesburg, Virginia

Vienna, Virginia

Kirkland, Washington

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

Menasha, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 7, 2020, Windowview from Vienna, VA wrote:

In my shady yard I have large areas covered by these lovely early spring flowers. They grow amongst the deciduous ferns, violets and primroses under large towering deciduous trees (oak and tulip poplars). I just love them. There is a grassy area that gets mostly full sun across the street and they cover a large area in a swath of white (from 100 ft away). They come back year after year.


On Mar 9, 2007, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

I come from a long line of coal miners from the Appalachian foothills of Eastern Kentucky. Indeed "miner's lettuce" is an appropriate common name as it was one of the favorite seasonal foods of the area. The common coloquial name there however was "tangle gut." It was almost always served Killed which means to pour hot oil over the fresh greens and toss and serve quickly. It was usualy bacon grease with a few crumbles of bacon left for extra flavor and chopped spring green onions, salt and pepper. I'm feeling both nostalgic and hungry thinking about it. I fondly recall my family going into the hills for hours collecting huge sacks of tangle gut and morel mushrooms. I find it funny that not only are most species of claytonia eaten by local populations, but that they are usually miner... read more


On Feb 23, 2007, bluespiral from (Zone 7a) wrote:

Here is an addendum on germinating seeds of Claytonia virginica from the 2nd edition of Norman C. Deno's book, Seed Germination Theory and Practice -

Seed germinated for Deno equally well whether sown 70-40 (79%) or 40-70-40(78%)-70, but the seed must be fresh. Deno says that "All dry stored seed rotted and dry storage is a fatal treatment." So, this would concur with lupinelover's advice to sow freshly ripened seed where the plant is to be grown as soon as the seed ripens in early summer, as well as with the PlantFiles advice above to direct sow in the autumn.

The 70-40 means 70*F for 3 months cycled to 40*F for 3 months, and so forth. I suspect, in terms of Mother Nature in zones 5-7 at least, that the two kinds of direct sowi... read more


On Jan 24, 2007, kayaker from Milton, VT (Zone 4a) wrote:

Edible Uses
Leaves; Root.
Root - raw or cooked. Rich in starch, it has a pleasant nutty flavour. A radish-like flavour when raw, it tastes like a cross between a potato and a chestnut when cooked. The root is rich in vitamins A and C.

Antispasmodic; Contraceptive.
A cold infusion or decoction of the powdered roots has been given to children with convulsions.

It has been said that eating the raw plants can permanently prevent conception


On Mar 5, 2006, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

They will tolerate sandy soil in shade. They will spread but will get competitions from taller (and aggressive) native plants like Jack in the Puplit, and sometimes Early Meadowrue if you plant them together. Even trillium and bloodroots will give them trouble if you tried to plant them too close together. It will be nice if someone send a picture of drifts of spring beauty mixes with toothwort, wood anemone, rue anemone, (both this and false), or even oak fern!


On Apr 3, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

A lovely little Spring wildflower that welcomes the sunshine in late March/early April here in West KY. They naturalize in great colonies across close trimmed yards and fields.

The edible tuber is about 3" below the surface of the ground, and one can judge the size of the tuber by the size of the flower rosette. It makes a clump similar to a clump of Fescue and the largest tubers are under the rosettes that are 6" or bigger.


On Oct 21, 2004, MsMaati from Newburgh, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

They make a beautiful display in early Spring. Don't put it anywhere that you will need to mow early. They last a few weeks and you will not want to mow them down. I like the fact that they completely disapear after blooming and you get that wonderful surprise in mid April ( here in southern Indiana). I was glad that I found out what they were called.


On Sep 11, 2004, henryr10 from Cincinnati, OH (Zone 6b) wrote:

Around here it is firmly entrenched in most of the older lawns.
Never a problem.
The most beautiful sight occurs in very late
Spring/early Summer when it all flowers at once.
Suddenly it seems we've had a snowfall.
This affect lingers for several days.
Quite lovely.


On Apr 18, 2004, knees from Washington, DC (Zone 7a) wrote:

I finally found it amongst the pictures. I consider it my alltime spring favorite; it is sprinkled all over my city front yard. I am trying to imitate a scene on the edge of the woods as well as I can manage. A huge pinoak and equally large hickory on either of the yard provide nothing but shade and dried our root systems as growing medium for those plants that manage to survive here. I think I have the most imaginative, prettiest spring front yard in the whole neighborhood, if I say so myself :>)). Now that I have discovered DG, I will try to learn all the names of the plants displayed in this lovely spring scene. Later in the year, it gets pretty boring.


On Aug 31, 2002, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

I'm rating this a positive, because I see its potential. I spent a half-day digging up clumps from our backyard, with the hope that by planting them in a clump (in a BED) they'll have more impact. Because when they're mixed in with the grass, they look pretty weedy (or a pretty weed, depending on how close up you are to them.)


On May 30, 2002, KBlueberry from Allen, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

a native woodland plant--it is one of the first to bloom in the spring....a very pretty little plant, ours are pale pink with darker pink veins. Does not appear to be invasive, I collect the seedheads when the plant has turned yellow, and the seeds are tiny, shiny black flat seeds.


On May 6, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Somewhat difficult to transplant. Bulbs can be dug as plant is going dormant, dried, and planted in fall in new location. They can also be dug with soil ball intact around roots as they are beginning to emerge. This is the method most likely to succeed, but typically the flowering cycle is disrupted for up to several years.

As seed is setting, flexible stem bends to the ground, and seedheads must be wrapped, otherwise seed immediately is dispersed to the soil below when it is ripe. This is the most reliable way of propagating plant; new plants germinate readily from seed planted in situ.


On Aug 31, 2001, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Spring beauty is a delicate, much-beloved, early spring-blooming, native Missouri wildflower that typically occurs statewide in rich, moist woodlands and valleys, meadows, prairies and somewhat dry upland woods. A low-growing plant that features clusters of flowers (to 3/4" wide) with five white to pinkish petals with pink veins and pink anthers on thin stems and narrow, linear, grass-like, dark green leaves (usually in pairs). Plant typically grows to 4-6" at bloom time, but foliage continues to grow after bloom and may eventually reach 9-12" before leaves disappear in late spring to early summer as plant goes into dormancy. Naturalizes somewhat easily in agreeable environments. Small, potato-like, underground tubers (corms) are edible (chestnut-like flavor) and were in fact consumed by e... read more