Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Squaw Vine, Deerberry

Mitchella repens

Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Mitchella (my-CHEL-luh) (Info)
Species: repens (REE-penz) (Info)





Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

By simple layering

By tip layering

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Spanish Fort, Alabama

Camden, Arkansas

Morrilton, Arkansas

Bartow, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Old Town, Florida

Oviedo, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Brunswick, Georgia

Washington, Illinois

Abita Springs, Louisiana

Buckfield, Maine

Centreville, Maryland

East Brookfield, Massachusetts

Worcester, Massachusetts

National City, Michigan

Saint Helen, Michigan

West Branch, Michigan

Tilton, New Hampshire

Ballston Lake, New York

Buffalo, New York

Durham, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Manteo, North Carolina

Sunset Beach, North Carolina

Akron, Ohio

Birdsboro, Pennsylvania

Colver, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Port Matilda, Pennsylvania

Charleston, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Viola, Tennessee

Belton, Texas

Lufkin, Texas

New Caney, Texas

San Augustine, Texas

Blacksburg, Virginia

Newport News, Virginia

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 28, 2016, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I finally have seen this pretty, native, low groundcover. It was in a mostly shady place with mosses and close to some wild Highbush Blueberry and Pixterbloom Azalea near Lake Hopewell in French Creek State Park, south of Birdboro and not far from Reading, PA. It is one of those broadleaf evergreen plants that is sensitive to cultivation, like Canby Cliff-green (Paxistima canbyi), the American Mountain Pieris, and Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne). For landscapes, in a nice shady location where there is good quality, loose, organic acid soil, it may do very well or somehow it might not take hold and die out. Either way, it is a wonderful low groundcover with red berries.


On Aug 13, 2015, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

This plant forms an attractive carpet-like groundcover in the understory of our local mesic forests. If one has a somewhat barren, shaded area that attracts nothing but weedy scrub, this is a good candidate to fill the area with something more aesthetically pleasing and mostly self-sufficient. This plant tolerates both cold winters and hot, dry summers, and is evidently endangered in some of its native regions. Where found indigenously, this plant should be able to be propagated from wild cuttings.

This plant is recognized in 19th century pharmacopoeia as a useful diuretic, astringent, and uterine tonic.


On Sep 6, 2013, betcsbirds from Washington, IL wrote:

I purchased some from of this vine from an online seller in PA to use in terrariums that I make, and it does really well! Will be trying to overwinter some in my shade garden in IL for the first time too. It is native to the Midwest so should not be a problem growing it in my garden. The berries stay red for a really long time...sometimes MONTHS! Great little vine!


On Dec 29, 2010, vlmastra from Akron, OH wrote:

A nice evergreen plant that is quite common in rich woods in the eastern US, commonly growing on stumps and at the base of trees among various mosses. The flowers are paired and their ovaries fuse to produce a single berry (hence one can observe two spots on each fruit corresponding to the style of each flower. The flowers are also white-hairy on the inside, which is an unusual character. The berries are extremely long-lasting and rather wrinkled specimens can be found in early spring, months after they were produced.

In older terrarium books, this plant is frequently recommended for terrarium culture. I have tried it myself: I harvested some in the fall (October or so) when it was probably dormant. I put it in an open-top terrarium with the cushion of mosses it was growing ... read more


On May 16, 2010, jleigh from Ballston Lake, NY (Zone 5a) wrote:

Not only did I "inherit" a patch of this when I bought this house, but recently I saw many patches growing while on a hike. I'm glad to see this plant is surviving in this area, and thriving in its "natural habitat" too.


On Apr 29, 2007, podster from Deep East Texas, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

I was excited to find a large patch of this delicate plant growing in the woods, even more excited to have ID'd it!
I found multiple buds, blooms and even a berry in April.


On Jun 1, 2004, Linnea from Tilton, NH (Zone 4a) wrote:

I find it extensively in my woods here in New Hampshire. I like it as a ground cover - I will have to move some into my garden soon.

The berries are edible, if a bit bland. I find the very fuzzy pink flowers utterly charming - well worth stretching out on your belly for a closer look!


On May 12, 2004, chitwoodstock from Camden, AR wrote:

I have cultivated several patches of Partridge Berry in my "natural" garden. I prefer indigenous plants and this is readily available in the Gulf Coastal Plains Area of Arkansas. It likes partial - full shade and sandy, but fertile soil. Grows slowly and requires watering for first season to start, but the blooms and berries are quite rewarding.


On Feb 21, 2004, misplacednewfie wrote:

I'm in British Columbia Canada and have a partridge berry bush in my garden. It is propagated by division and it transplants easily, and may also be grown from stratified seed or stem cuttings. This berry bush grows in abundance in Newfoundland Canada in pine forested areas. Also makes a lovely jam when made with apples.


On Oct 9, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

This beautiful little plant is growing all over on my six acres in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b, in the shade of huge old live oak trees. It is by far my most attractive native plant, and I am desperately trying to get rid of the native poison ivy, trumpet creeper and Virginia creeper, while encouraging this little spreading vine. It looks like a dark green carpet in the middle of my driveways and along my paths--anywhere in the shade that I have mowed down the other undergrowth. The plant is too prostrate to be affected by mowing.

It has delicate lavender tinged, white flowers in early Summer and now in early Fall I see the occasional red berry. The small flowers always grow in pairs and their ovaries unite to produce only one berry, which has two "dimples," one from... read more