Lamium Species, Artillary Plant, Golden Dead Nettle, Yellow Archangel

Lamium galeobdolon

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Lamium (LAY-mee-um) (Info)
Species: galeobdolon (gay-lee-OB-doh-lon) (Info)
Synonym:Lamiastrum galeobdolon
Synonym:Galeobdolon luteum




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Good Fall Color

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

North Little Rock, Arkansas

Springdale, Arkansas

Alameda, California

Fremont, California

Martinez, California

Menlo Park, California

San Francisco, California

San Leandro, California

East Haddam, Connecticut

New Milford, Connecticut

Jonesboro, Georgia

Moscow, Idaho

Chicago, Illinois

Midlothian, Illinois

Newburgh, Indiana

Tipton, Indiana

Inwood, Iowa

Iowa City, Iowa

Louisville, Kentucky

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Dracut, Massachusetts

Rutland, Massachusetts

Ada, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan

Madison Heights, Michigan

New Ulm, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Young America, Minnesota

Monett, Missouri

Bolton Landing, New York

Croton On Hudson, New York

New York City, New York(2 reports)

Oyster Bay, New York

Charlotte, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Grove City, Ohio

Hamilton, Ohio

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Jay, Oklahoma

Eugene, Oregon

Grants Pass, Oregon

Portland, Oregon(7 reports)

Salem, Oregon

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Crossville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas(2 reports)

Fort Worth, Texas

Leesburg, Virginia

Locust Dale, Virginia

Spotsylvania, Virginia

Battle Ground, Washington

CHIMACUM, Washington

Cherry Grove, Washington

Dollar Corner, Washington

HOODSPORT, Washington

Lewisville, Washington

Meadow Glade, Washington

Shelton, Washington

Skokomish, Washington

Venersborg, Washington

Green Bay, Wisconsin

Merrimac, Wisconsin

Muskego, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 1, 2013, madebydave from New Ulm, MN wrote:

As beautiful as this plant is, it is very invasive. It covers a steep hill in dry shade behind our house. If it would stay there, I would like it better, but it invades anywhere it can by fast growing runners. I finally built a fence out of window screening and buried the edge under landscape fabric. It still finds any little chink in the armor. A constant battle.


On Mar 21, 2013, Sunny_Budzma from Battle Ground, WA wrote:

Good: This plant is fast growing & flourishes in full shade as a ground cover under mature fir trees or under the eves on the north side of the house i.e. in areas where nothing but ferns will grow. In this situation, it looks great year round; the verigated foliage brightens up the shade & masses of yellow spikes remain erect even during heavy spring rain. It can easily be contained with a quick pass of the lawn mower around the perimeter of the bed its in.

Bad: If you can't (or won't ) mow around it look out. It chokes out other low growing plants & quickly spreads by seed & runner and is very resilient. Also, if you plant it where it gets afternoon sun in the summer, it sunburns and looks awful. Leave one node in the ground and it comes right back and away it goes. D... read more


On Jan 9, 2013, tendocalcaneus from New York, NY (Zone 7a) wrote:

I've been growing this plant in garden spaces in Manhattan, NYC, for years where I am a community gardener. In some spots it needs regular "editing" so it doesn't spread beyond a reasonable area. It's been most useful in preventing digging by rodents (ie, rats), which can be a problem in city gardens. It grows thickly and critters can't penetrate it. As long as it behaves by staying put, more or less, I think it's an attractive and useful ground cover. After flowering, it's a good idea to cut off seed heads if you don't want the plant to spread. Still its growing shoots are primed for spreading, as with many other plants in the mint family, and it's important to maintain control by pruning especially late spring and into summer.


On Jun 22, 2011, grik from Saint Paul, MN wrote:

I probably wouldn't plant this today due to it being invasive some places.

That said, I had never heard of it when I purchased it many years ago and planted it under a blue spruce. It grew and looks great. I bet there is nothing else that would grow in the dense dry shade beneath that tree. It brightens it up considerably.

It has not spread outside the bounds I've allotted for it but I know it bears watching.


On May 28, 2011, Arden2 from Olympia, WA wrote:

In western Washington, attractive in hanging basket. Invasive in plantings. Roots at each node and travels (leaps) through desireable plants. Hard to pull. One missed piece, and it spreads all over again. Mine started when it touched down from a cascading pot planting. I put it at the bottom of my list with creeping Jenny, and St. John's wort. All great plants, but only if they can be isolated and rigidly controlled..


On May 13, 2011, bellbrat1971 from Green Bay, WI wrote:

I had no idea what I was going to be dealing with when we bought our home a year ago as the flower beds were "developing". In the front bed (shady with overhang) and at the rear of the property (full sun) was this lovely green ground cover with yellow flowers....I have since discovered how horribly invasive this stuff is. I would wish the botanists who "invented" this particular species to be entwined in it for all eternity!! I'm hoping Round-up might kill it. As has been stated before it has a massive, crawling root system and short of digging up the entire beds, well, as much as I hate using the stuff, Round-up it is!! WARNING: DON'T PLANT THIS STUFF!!!


On Jul 26, 2010, pjoid123 from Spotsylvania, VA wrote:

Got about 10 plants from a neighbor in my subdivision a year ago. I've planted them in full sun, partial shade and full shade. They are all growing vigorously. I even use them as accents in hanging baskets. They have nicely covered the ground (hard Virginia clay) in several areas where nothing much else seemed to grow. I do, however, keep them away from several of my landscaped areas. This fall I will remove them from the hanging baskets and plant them in other barren areas. A great plant if kept under control.


On Apr 22, 2010, micky2 from Charlotte, NC wrote:

This plant is beautiful and grows VERY fast and lush. However, until the second year I didn't know it flowered and had seeds that could blow around my yard. If it escapes the large planter box, this experience will quickly turn negative. Next year I'll cut off the flowers as soon as they come out.


On Jul 1, 2009, Susan_C from Alameda, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I have Yellow Archangel in a difficult spot where I've had trouble getting anything to thrive; The very end corner of a north-facing bed that is choked with pine tree roots. It is behaving nicely there and lights up that dark corner. If anything, I wish it would spread a little faster! I think the best use for this plant is in dry shade. -For that situation, it is a treasure.


On May 1, 2004, Nina_Lou from Monett, MO wrote:

We have two huge iron pots (once used for washing clothes or scalding hogs), and this plant grows in these two pots regardless of weather, light or water. Stays pretty nearly all winter. Pots are hung by large chains from tree limbs and the runners are beautiful hanging down the sides of the pots. For a long time I did not know the name of the plant and had to take a sample to a nursery in order to obtain more plants. From one pot I divided the plant and both of these huge pots are full and beautiful. Have not planted it in the ground. We had trouble getting anything to grow in these pots. The pots do have drain holes in the bottom. We occasionally put Miracle Grow in the soil, and they grow and bloom beautifully. I am not a gardner as we work all the time, but these plants have needed ve... read more


On Sep 15, 2003, NorthernGoldie wrote:

Im in Edmonton, Alberta - and this plant is ironclad hardy here (zone 3a) I grow it in big pots for its very handsome cascading foliage - personally I dont much care if it blooms. I drop the pots right into the veg garden for winter, and pull them out in spring. Ive got it in a dry shade area between two houses where nothing else grows, and you guessed it - it positively thrives, choking out weeds very nicely........which is why I will NEVER plant it with other desired plants again - its as aggressive as aegopodium in my garden, and getting its roots out from under a purple leafed sandcherry was a task Im unwilling to do again.


On Sep 5, 2003, Meandy from Tipton, IN (Zone 5a) wrote:

I planted this several years ago in a problem area that is not only shady but full of small tree stumps. It has performed so well and spread out and over all the stumps and filled in that area really well. I also started more of it on the north side of my house since I seem to have trouble getting a lot of things to grow there.


On Sep 4, 2003, pleb from Plymouth,,
United Kingdom (Zone 9a) wrote:

The original unvariagated plant grows wild down here in SW England. It is to be found in woodland where it flowers before the leaves of the trees are fully out. The variagated form often escapes from gardens and can be found in shady spots where it's vigorous nature allows it to compete.


On May 30, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

It actually competes on a strong basis with lemon balm! If you have a large problem area, give this plant a try. It may be difficult to locate in commerce, but it has earned its keep in my shady garden.


On May 3, 2002, bmuller from Albuquerque, NM (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant has grown well for me in the high desert in somewhat dry shade, under junipers, where there are tree roots to contend with. It blooms here in May, generally--small but attractive yellow blooms that complement the variegated leaves beautifully. It can be propagated easily from cuttings--just pop them into a jar of water. I don't know about seed collection--haven't tried.