Common Fig, Edible Fig, Higo

Ficus carica

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ficus (FY-kus) (Info)
Species: carica (KAIR-ih-kuh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From hardwood cuttings

By grafting

By budding

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Decatur, Alabama

Midland City, Alabama

New Market, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Taylor, Arizona

Playa Del Rey, California

Santee, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Bradenton, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Kissimmee, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Loxahatchee, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Spring Hill, Florida

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Murphysboro, Illinois

Covington, Kentucky

Hessmer, Louisiana

Slaughter, Louisiana

Vacherie, Louisiana

Saucier, Mississippi

Kansas City, Missouri

El Prado, New Mexico

New York City, New York

Durham, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Wake Forest, North Carolina

Mannford, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Portland, Oregon

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Brownsville, Texas

Cibolo, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Grand Prairie, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

Mcallen, Texas

Red Oak, Texas

Rice, Texas

Troutville, Virginia

Issaquah, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Eccles, West Virginia

Eglon, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 2, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This species has naturalized in 29 states, as far north as Michigan, New York, and Massachusetts, according to BONAP.

The California Invasive Plant Council has listed it as invasive of natural habitat in California.


On Apr 22, 2012, Dan796 from Eccles, WV wrote:

I've just purchaced a small pittiful looking one gallon sized `Chicago Hardy` fig from clearance at my local Lowe's.
My very first fig tree!
It's not but a very small twig at this point with but one branch on it still alive. But I'm hopeful it will survive, and will do well through our West Virginia winters.
Can anyone possibly suggest and/or maybe even share some cuttings of other varieties that will grow in zone 6a?
Apparently, after checking with a number of big box stores, and garden centers, `Chicago Hardy ` is the only variety I can find in my area, even though there must be other varieties available for culture in my zone ! ? !
Dan Near Beckley WV


On Nov 28, 2011, johnnydo from Loxahatchee, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Here on Roosevelt Island in New York City we have several fig trees in our community garden. They grow very tall 10+ feet. We have green and brown varieties. They can be cut back every year and still come back and bear fruit. Some years we can get a lot of fruit.
It seems the green and brown varieties respond to the weather differently as conditions will either favor one or the other year to year.
Most have been started by a garden club member from Lebanon who takes cuttings every year in the fall and spreads them thru the garden and else where (I have 2 of his growing in Loxahatchee Florida). They root very easily from cuttings. just place in water over the winter and plant in the spring. I actually kept them for over a year in the water in the house and finally got them to... read more


On Nov 11, 2011, clue_less from Santee, CA wrote:

My neighbor planted a fig tree about 3 feet away from our house. The tree is growing rapidly and now its branches are touching our house and growing above it. We love this tree but we are concerned that it may be negatively affecting the foundation of our home. Is this possible? Does the tree need to be removed for this reason? Any thoughts would be greatly appreciated.


On Jan 15, 2011, RobertMD from Taylor, AZ wrote:

I live at 6500 ft elevation in Northern Arizona. Each winter I haul this fig tree in for the winter where it sits in its 14" pot in a saucer. I water it every other week. Late afternoon sun hits the leaves for about a half hour each day. Any remaining immature fruit drop, and there is some leaf drop through the winter. However, each spring it is lively and ready to be taken outside in full sun. I always have lots of little (brown turkey?) figs, but the days get short and the nights get cold before they soften enough to eat.


On Apr 23, 2010, peggytheplantlady from El Prado, NM wrote:

I am growing a Fig as a houseplant in Zone 5b, here in Northern New Mexico - it bears fruit usually every year although the fruit is quite small. What should I feed this tree to get larger fruit? I have about 14 figs on my plant right now and it's only about 2' tall with 5-7 stems bearing fruit. It's quite attractive as a houseplant! Doesn't get bugs either!


On Apr 13, 2009, purplesun from Krapets,
Bulgaria (Zone 8a) wrote:

Common figs are really common in Bulgaria. They are cultivated widely, even in places that are supposed to be too cold for them, and have escaped and naturalised in dry, stony, steep, or infertile places. They don't germinate on fertile soil overgrown with grass, and certainly not in shade.
Here, in Krapets, figs are grown in almost every garden, and they tend to be killed to the ground in particularly severe winters. As one is moving south, however, they get bigger and bigger, until they reach tree-like proportions in places such as Sozopol or Achtopol; there, they don't get damaged at all and look rather robust.
I have a lukewarm attitude to this species because it doesn't really have any great ornamental value. The fruit is great though. And the scent on a hot, sunny day c... read more


On Jul 7, 2008, Turtlegaby from Decatur, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

I would consider a fig tree to be invasive. I had a huge one growing on the side of the house when I bought it. It had multiple stems (appr. 30) The roots have been enormous and spreading all over the place, as much as 15 feet away from the tree. They had grown under the foundation of the house and I had to get the tree professionally removed by a company to prevent a serious damage to the house foundation. Even though the company grinded all the roots down to far below ground level, a year later I have shoots popping up everywhere. I need to permanentely remove them and still get long deep roots out for the ground on a daily basis.

Do not plant this tree close to your house and be aware that it will take over with the roots above ground level in a distance of more than 1... read more


On Aug 14, 2006, tmccullo from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

We bought a celeste fig tree last summer. It was about 3 foot tall. This summer it has a good size trunk and has grown to over 8 foot tall and very bushy. It produces a lot of fruit and attracts bees and birds. We bought a plastic owl to keep the birds from stealing our figs before we could get to them, but these birds here are not one bit afraid of our owl. So we have to fight the birds for our fruit. Oh well, we have plenty of it to share with them. Anyway, this tree does well in our heavy clay soil, loves lots of water and does very well in 95+ degrees and high humidity. The leaves are huge, much bigger than my hand. We have not seen any in our area with leaves this big.


On Oct 18, 2005, jessicalujiang from San Jose, CA wrote:

Hi, I just got a fig tree. Upon reading the recommendation from varies sites on the internet, it sounds I should use a concrete pot or indoor pot with the fig tree, I am wondering if it is still ok to plant it right at my back yard. I already have a persimmon and pear tree in my back yard, and concerned if the "Strong root" of a fig tree would damage underground pipes or the foundation of my house. What would you recommend? Thank you!


On Sep 29, 2005, washingtonia from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

In 1973 I planted a small fig tree on the south side of my house in Oklahoma City. For twenty years it didn't do much, frequently dying back to the ground in winter and producing few figs. However, beginning in the mid-nineties, at the same time we installed a lawn sprinkler system, it began to grow appreciably larger. Also, whether due to milder winters or some other reason, it ceased dying back in winter, merely dropping its leaves in the fall. Today it is a sizeable tree and produces a bushel or more of delicious figs each season, more than we can eat. It elicits more comment from visitors than any other plant we have. Each year it grows taller and broader, and we wonder what might be the limits of its growth.


On Jul 22, 2005, daylilypender from Pender Island,
Canada wrote:

Re fig resistance to deer: I wish it were true. Deer in my area of Pacific Northwest have done major damage to young fig trees. I have five varieties and hope for some harvest this year when our new 8-foot fence should give protection for the first time.


On Apr 5, 2005, codetrance from Great Falls, VA wrote:

My mom has a fig in 7a as well. (nothern VA) and they can be touchy to grow. She has it against a south facing wall next to our driveway, as they like the heat.

It can grow pretty well for a few years, but if you get a really hard freeze, it will kill it back down to the ground and you you have to wait for it to grow back to producing size again.

We never got more than a few figs every year.

Good Luck :)


On Jul 23, 2004, aviator8188 from Murphysboro, IL (Zone 7a) wrote:

I too enjoy fig trees. There are several fig trees throughout my area. Figs are hardy here in zone 7a, with no problem at all. Fig trees are also somewhat attractive around harvesting time!


On Oct 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I am surprised by the lack of comments on fig trees... so many folks here in So Cal have one. They are extremely common in the landscape here in Los Angeles, and are great to have in your yard. We have grown several varieties and they are pretty easy growers. There don't require much in the way of water, and other than invading ants, bird pets and fig beetles (these huge, buzzin, irridescent green scarabeid beetles that terrify most people but are totally harmless... except to figs), these are pretty easy trees to keep. Only problem is soft wood and associated limb collapse now and then. Some of these become enormous, and can drop hundreds of pounds of figs in the summer, making a sticky mess. They also come in some ornamental varieties (see the photos of the variegated ones).


On Apr 29, 2003, Stonebec from Fort Worth, TX (Zone 7b) wrote:

We found 2 fig trees growing in our yard when we moved in 10 years ago. After trying 3 times to get rid of one (including pulling up by the roots and covering with the compost pile for a year) we let it stay. They are very hardy and the only problem we have is the birds getting to them before we harvest. Fruit is ready when juice beads form on bloom end. This attracts the birds, I have not had luck picking early to let ripen off tree. Pruning is needed only to eliminate crossing branches. New branches form each year in a ring around older branches. My fruit is a light brown, I do not know which variety this is. Fruit is sweet and sticky - great for preserves. Milky white sap from leaves and fruit stems may irritate skin. One tree is shielded on the north by a pine tree and the other ... read more


On Aug 22, 2001, Horseshoe from Efland, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

Originating from W. Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean area this plant is considered a tropical. A deciduous tree or shrub with 3- or 5-lobed rounded leaves approximately 4 to 10 inches long and somewhat heart-shaped at the base. The fruit are borne singly, can get to 4 inches long and, depending on the variety, mature to a dark green, brown or purple.

Figs flourish on poor soil but it must be well drained and in full sun. Protection from winter wind will also benefit this plant. (It is often recommended to plant against a south-facing wall for its added warmth.) When planting you can add a bit of compost to the soil for additional humus but remember, as mentioned above, figs do better on poor soil so don't overdo it. (As an aside, figs grown on rich soil usually mus... read more