American Umbrella Leaf

Diphylleia cymosa

Family: Berberidaceae (bear-ber-id-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Diphylleia (dy-fil-LEE-uh) (Info)
Species: cymosa (sy-MOH-sa) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade

Full Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Framingham, Massachusetts

Elk Rapids, Michigan

Boone, North Carolina

Beavercreek, Oregon

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 16, 2015, chaz1951 from Beavercreek, OR wrote:

I thought this was native to the northwest, but I guess it must have come from the eastern U.S. It seems to grow everywhere except in areas of full sun. Dry, wet, sandy, clay, loamy, you name it, it grows there. On my property it grows along my driveway in the clay and gravel where it gets very dry in the summer. It also grows alongside and in the stream bed of a spring. I pulled up some of the runners (tubers?) that it sprouts from and buried them in a garden area under an apple tree and it happily spread out across that area. It's a great-looking plant, very tropical looking for this area, and very easy to grow.


On May 24, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

I've seen this plant in several gardens, but nowhere flourishing as well as at the Garden in the Woods, Framingham MA. It's a showy plant, first for its big bold bat-shaped foliage, which it keeps through fall, second for its showy blue fruits on cherry-red stems, and third for its short-lived white flowers held just above the leaves in late May. Where happiest, it reaches 4-5' tall.

Grows from a short rhizome, but remains in a clump. The leaves, when emerging, may be attractively though transiently marked with red/brown. This genus is closely related to mayapple (Podophyllum), but doesn't share our mayapple's aggressive habits.

Needs shelter from strong winds which can damage the big leaves. Here it also needs protection at least from the afternoon sun.
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