Pitch Pine, Northern Pitch Pine

Pinus rigida

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: rigida (RIG-ih-duh) (Info)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


over 40 ft. (12 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Pale Green

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Benton, Kentucky

Union Bridge, Maryland

Lawrence, Massachusetts

Mashpee, Massachusetts

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Egg Harbor City, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

Trenton, New Jersey

Sag Harbor, New York

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Nottingham, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 24, 2016, EdLincoln from Quincy, MA wrote:

Useful Tree. I planted these because they are supposed to be more salt and wind tolerant then white pine, and more disease resistant the Austrian Pine.

I planted some in a spot where I wouldn't be able to properly water them. The potted one is thriving...one tenth of the cheap bare root ones are alive. (Which sounds bad until you realize there was a drought and an epic winter.)

Not as attractive as white pine, and I noticed beetle holes in some old specimens in the woods while I was investigating the tree. They have a tendency to retain old cones in their branches, which isn't attractive. However, the salt and wind resistance make them a good choice as a wind break in a coastal area or a privacy screen along a heavily salted road. The fact they can regr... read more


On Dec 5, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

I love all pine trees! I first saw a Pitch Pine planted in a yard in Downingtown in se PA. I recognized it by an irregular habit, needled sprouts coming from the trunk, and needles in fasicles of 3 being about 5" long. It was growing fine in a good quality clay soil that was barely acid in a residential yard. I told the owners that it was a special tree that one does not see just anywhere. It grows wild all over the pine barrens of southern New Jersey and in some of the different spots of serpentine barrens in far southeast Pennsylvania and northern Maryland. It also grows in different spots of the Appalachians and in New England, as Cape Cod. It does well in places of dry, low nutrient soils; whether the acid, sandy soils or the shallow soils derived from serpentine rock that have high am... read more


On Aug 25, 2007, famartin from Trenton, NJ wrote:

While some people do not like this tree's sometimes gnarled adult form, I am absolutely in love with it. Otherwise, the tree is hardy and tough, and so long as it is not planted in shade or in VERY saturated conditions, it should thrive.


On Jul 25, 2007, claypa from West Pottsgrove, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

Pitch Pine is in the sub-genus Pinus, also called the yellow or hard pines, along with Loblolly Pine (P. taeda), Shortleaf Pine (P. echinata), and Pond Pine (P. serotina), with which this tree hybridizes. The name rigida refers to the stiff, thorny projections on the cones. The cones normally stay on the tree for a couple years.

The needles are in bundles of three, about 5 inches long. Pitch Pine and Pond Pine (P. serotina) can have epicormic shoots, needles or small twigs and branches growing from the mature trunk.
These trees will grow in a wide variety of soils, and are an important food source for small mammals and birds. The open branching habit provides perches for larger birds like eagles and herons, especially near water.


On Jan 27, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

The only 3 needle pine where the 1/2 inch branches are fiberous and tough. They do not snap cleanly when bent sharply.

Cones are between 1" and 3" long and the outer tips are tiped with thorns, making them uncomfortable to handle without gloves.

This is the common pine of the famous SE New Jersey Pine Barrens