Hummingbird Plant, Uruguayan Firecracker Plant

Dicliptera suberecta

Family: Acanthaceae (ah-kanth-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Dicliptera (dye-CLIP-ter-uh) (Info)
Species: suberecta (sub-er-EK-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Justicia suberecta
Synonym:Jacobinia suberecta



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round

Suitable for growing in containers


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:



Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Foley, Alabama

Gadsden, Alabama

Alameda, California

Aliso Viejo, California

Carlsbad, California

Encinitas, California

Hayward, California

Huntington Beach, California

Modesto, California

Redwood City, California

Richmond, California

Roseville, California

Sacramento, California

San Diego, California

San Jose, California

Vista, California

Brooksville, Florida

Clermont, Florida

Deland, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Shalimar, Florida

Webster, Florida

Yulee, Florida

Avondale Estates, Georgia

Columbus, Georgia

Cordele, Georgia

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Mcdonough, Georgia

Newnan, Georgia

Hebron, Kentucky

Alexandria, Louisiana

Baton Rouge, Louisiana (3 reports)

Greenwell Springs, Louisiana

Lafayette, Louisiana

Mandeville, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Clinton, Mississippi

Maben, Mississippi

Calabash, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina (2 reports)

High Point, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Bray, Oklahoma

Conway, South Carolina

Florence, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina (2 reports)

Austin, Texas (3 reports)

Copperas Cove, Texas

Fate, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas (2 reports)

Goliad, Texas

Houston, Texas (3 reports)

Jacksonville, Texas

Lake Jackson, Texas

Lewisville, Texas

Liberty Hill, Texas

Los Fresnos, Texas

Lumberton, Texas

Richmond, Texas

San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

Spring, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

Victoria, Texas

Williamsburg, Virginia

Pewaukee, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 12, 2012, Sandwichkatexan from Copperas Cove, TX wrote:

Incredibly easy to grow . I purchased two plants on e bay and now I have a filler for beds (along with euryops) I just cut new growth stick it in water and in a few weeks I have tons of new plants . Now they are in every bed . As for the hummingbirds , Well they do like this plant but they visit my salvia greggii's more often . One thing I would love to know is if there is a variegated form of this . I would love to trade with someone . I have hundreds of plants spread over two acres in many flowerbeds . If anyone has a variegated form please send me a d mail.


On Feb 22, 2011, Theron from Williamsburg, VA wrote:

In Williamsburg, Virginia it grows nicely. Easily started from cuttings. Last year rooted woody cuttings and gave away the plants; this year I took soft tissue cuttings and have 24 doing well under lights. Additional woody cuttings taken in Feb are starting growth at the leaf axils. These plants are going to a non-profit plant sale in April.


On Sep 11, 2009, mamajack from Fate, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

i love this plant. easy to propagate. drought tolerant. blooms in texas in july. i am using mine to fall over a retaining wall as it likes to lie prostrate.


On Jun 18, 2009, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I love this plant! leaves are silvery and the flower is a screaming orange. Low maintenance. Died completely in Winter 2009/2010 but was one of the first to emerge.


On May 25, 2008, Spinninggirl from Mcdonough, GA wrote:

I am enjoying this plant. It is just beginning to bloom:however, I am a little nervous because it has some yellow leaves. I hope I am not watering it too much.


On Sep 29, 2007, flamethrower from New Hartford, CT wrote:

I'm glad to hear that this plant is so easy to propagate because I definitely want to pot some up for the winter and then re-plant in the spring. I planted mine in late May, pinched it back sometime in June and, although the plant spread like crazy (right now it's 5 1/2 feet wide!), it just sprouted its first blooms about 2 weeks ago. I was expecting it to be covered in blooms all summer - in fact, I bought it because it was described as a "hummingbird magnet". I'm disappointed that it didn't bloom for me, but at least the foliage is beautiful. Perhaps I shouldn't have pinched it back early in the season?? I'll see what happens next year...


On Jun 6, 2007, ceejaytown from The Woodlands, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Planted last fall, and although we had several freezes last winter, it wasn't damaged and remained evergreen. Now full size and in full bloom (early June). Thanks for the propagation tip, Kipper, because I definitely want more of this plant!


On Jul 19, 2006, spete from Marlow, OK (Zone 7b) wrote:

Here in SW Oklahoma, this plant has thrived. Our temps have been 105 to 110, and it is not fazed.


On Oct 20, 2005, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Enjoys the hot summers of Pleasanton CA. That's a zone 9a


On Oct 16, 2005, kipper2 from Meadows Place, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Got 2 cuttings from htop at the first CTRU. Boy, do these cuttings root quick! They have enjoyed an east facing bed that gets 6 hours of full sun here in SW Houston area. If a stem breaks off, just stick it in water and roots will appear within 2 week and in the potting soil it goes.


On Nov 30, 2004, Calalily from Deep South Coastal, TX (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant has withstood the hot, humid summers of south Texas and blooms year round here. I grow it in full sun.


On Oct 26, 2004, WStoneman from Columbus, GA wrote:

When I purchased this plant through Plant Delights the description warned that it likes hot dry weather (it is from South America). I was concerned that our wet humid summers would be too much for it but it has proven tough and resilient. It is now three years old and returns reliably, although later in spring than my other perennials.

It has been ridiculously easy to divide through stem cuttings. The hummingbirds love it and so do the butterflies. A great little plant.