Farfugium, Giant Leopard Plant 'Gigantea'

Farfugium japonicum

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Farfugium (far-FEW-gee-um) (Info)
Species: japonicum (juh-PON-ih-kum) (Info)
Cultivar: Gigantea
Synonym:Ligularia tussilaginea



Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Late Fall/Early Winter

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Arroyo Grande, California

Brentwood, California

Calistoga, California

Crescent City, California

Fremont, California

La Mesa, California

Montecito, California

San Diego, California (4 reports)

San Leandro, California

Vacaville, California

Washington, District Of Columbia

Apopka, Florida

Bonita Springs, Florida

Clermont, Florida

Gainesville, Florida

Miami, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia (3 reports)

Augusta, Georgia

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia

Baton Rouge, Louisiana (2 reports)

Denham Springs, Louisiana

Mandeville, Louisiana

Monroe, Louisiana

Ridgeland, Mississippi

Las Vegas, Nevada

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Gladstone, Oregon

Camden, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Columbia, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Ninety Six, South Carolina

Okatie, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Bryan, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Houston, Texas (2 reports)

Huffman, Texas

Mc Kinney, Texas

Richmond, Texas

Spring, Texas

Chimacum, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Spangle, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 6, 2018, Patti12471 from Hernando, MS wrote:

I have just purchased the plant from a garden center (two weeks ago.)

It seems to be doing fine under my porch where it gets no sunlight at all really, and I water it everyday, as they told me it loves water. I am starting to see the yellow flowers bloom, and I love them.

My question is this: there are some stems that have pods that are dead (blackened looking) that were there when I purchased the plant. Does anyone know how I should prune or cut these back? Just at the top, or should I go all the way back to the beginning of where the stalk begins?

I don't want to stunt any growth.

By the way, I live in North Mississippi, close to Memphis, TN, and my plant is in a gallon bucket and was $25. It's pretty big - The leaves sta... read more


On Jan 18, 2017, jluis310 from Las Vegas, NV wrote:

Pleased to hear all positive comments about this plant. I purchased my home and have this plant in my back yard in the shade. Growing great and looks great with all the green leafs and blooming yellow flowers. It grows here in Las Vegas Nevada. There are several plants in my back yard but this one is one of a kind.


On Jul 18, 2015, lovemyCAgarden from Vacaville, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I bought this plant about 2 years ago at the UC Davis plant sale. I never saw this plant anywhere else before but I needed something that worked well in a large container in the shade. Everything I have purchased from UC Davis plant sales has grown well in our garden and is suited for our climate, which is hot and very dry in the summer. Our humidity is around 25% or less, sometimes as low as 15%. I have to give this plant a lot of water July-Sept to make sure it doesn't droop. I think it's because the stems are large and erect and the leaf itself is huge.
At first I was afraid to over water, but it seems that in order for the plant to stay upright it needs the extra water and hasn't shown any sign of senescence. The leaves are dark green and large. Sometimes when I come home I see... read more


On Dec 21, 2013, jedens from Murfreesboro, TN wrote:

This is a great plant for tennessee. Nobody here has ever heard of this plant. The nurseries have dropped the ball on this gem here. I also have palms in the ground here. I think my neighbors feel l am strange.


On May 21, 2013, Scuzelbut1 from Atlanta, GA wrote:

This plant has done so well for me in Atlanta, GA that I have divided it multiple times and given to neighbors! It does die back to the ground during colder winters but comes right back to life the moment it warms up. It does bloom much later for me than it seems to for other growers. Most years, it blooms in between November and January.


On Feb 9, 2013, houstonreg from Houston, TX wrote:

Bought a couple of these plants in spring 2012 and from the very beginning they thrived and grew. They were about a foot across when installed in a shaded side yard and now, Feb. 2013 they are 2 feet across. They laughed at our mild Houston winter. In pulling off a dead leaf during a bed cleanup a couple of weeks ago, I managed to accidentally pull up an offshoot with a few roots attached. Stuck it back in the ground a few inches from the mama plant and it seems to be doing just fine. I love everything about this plant. Looks like it would be difficult because it is so glossy beautiful, but it is the easiest plant in my yard.


On May 13, 2012, itom37 from Charleston, SC wrote:

Great plant. Shade-loving, evergreen, tropical looking. It grew rapidly to get those big beautiful leaves, which make a great border for my deck which is in nearly 100% shade. The only issue with this plant is it does need a good deal of water in the hot Charleston summers.


On Apr 22, 2012, LJeske from Spangle, WA wrote:

Spangle, WA (Zone 5b) - I have a variegated variety that is extremely well established and definitely cold hard in our region. Have never seen this plant flower.


On Dec 16, 2010, veggies10 from Kirkland, WA wrote:

I garden in Zone 7B (although sometimes it feels likes 6A). This plant does well, but collapses entirely in temps well below freezing. It resprouts from base in the spring. In our area, it is a slug magnet, so in order to keep it as its lovely self, I need to bait weekly during the busiest slug season.


On Feb 6, 2010, breadspread from Washington, DC wrote:

We live in Washington, DC and have a potted Giant Leopard plant which totally wows us. It's about 3' X 3' with some of its' leaves as big as large dinner plates. We have kept it outdoors for three years until this winter, which is a cold one. We have it indoors near a window and it is not thriving. But with 20" of snow outside, we're hesitant to move it out. We would love instruction from anyone who has one of these potted beauties and knows how much cold it can tolerate.


On Oct 7, 2008, vossner from Richmond, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I adore this plant. It is a thirsty one for me and flowers are rather ugly; certainly not the reason why one would grow this plant. Still adore it.


On Oct 6, 2008, robcorreia from San Diego, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

My very favorite plant in my garden. Nuff said!


On Oct 9, 2004, frogsrus from San Diego, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

This is a very beautiful foliage plant. It gets wilty in the hot dry summers here but perks right up in the evening. A shade lover in my climate but will tolerate the sun if watered frequently.


On Oct 9, 2004, MFDnSC from Summerville, SC wrote:

This plant did very well in our heat (SC). It got early morning sun and an hour 1/2 of afternoon sun and would wilt a little, but kept watered it has done very well. I submited a pic of the flowers which are coming out now. They are not much compared to the leaves which added nice color to the shade garden.


On Aug 10, 2004, DeeTee from Cowaramup,
Australia wrote:

I live in Australia and have been searching for the specific plant I have in the backyard. It's a Farfugium Giganteum but not the one in the picture. It has big green glossy leaves with no spots or ruffles. It looks like the old style tractor seat, and that's actually what we bought it named as. A Tractor Seat Plant. Anyway it's growing beautifully and has flowered once. Fully recommend this plant.


On Sep 12, 2003, aking1a from Baton Rouge, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I certainly agree with DLSlandscape - the variegated Leopard plant is one of my favorites for shade. The thick green leaves are about a hands width across and slightly cupped. Mine has never frozen down in Baton Rouge. The only trouble I have ever experienced is when we had 27 inches of rain in three days and the poor thing almost drowned. I had to dig it out to let it drain and dry out. The yellow flowers are, in my opinion, inconsequential. My plant is 24 inches tall and 30 inches wide. This plant also comes with solid green leaves. We know it by the synonym Ligularia tussilaginea in my area.


On Apr 6, 2003, DLSLandscape from Dallas, TX wrote:

Why this plant is not more popular in North Texas - or other areas with similar climates - is a mystery. This is a beautiful plant that could easily be used in place of Hosta (but without the slug problems) or Fern. Best of all, I've found it to be ever-green to about 15 degrees F. The only damage I've seen it sustain in a winter was from an ice storm. You can just trim out the damaged leaves in March, and the plant fills back in within days.
Leopard Plant can be hard to find, but well worth the effort. It prefers morning sun or full shade. Direct sunlight causes the plant to take on a wilting look. Regular watering, fertile soil, and occasional flower fertilizer are also required. Despite its description, I have never seen this plant get taller than 18-24 inches. Co... read more