Amaranthus Species, Mexican Grain Amaranth, Prince's Feather, Purple Amaranth, Red Amaranth

Amaranthus cruentus

Family: Amaranthaceae
Genus: Amaranthus (am-uh-RANTH-us) (Info)
Species: cruentus (kroo-EN-tus) (Info)
Synonym:Amaranthus aureus
Synonym:Amaranthus paniculatus
Synonym:Amaranthus spicatus
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Unknown - Tell us

Foliage Color:




6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Medium Purple


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Phoenix, Arizona

Fresno, California

Long Beach, California

Los Angeles, California(2 reports)

Jacksonville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Miami, Florida

North Port, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia(2 reports)

Snellville, Georgia

Valdosta, Georgia

Cayuga, Indiana

Greentown, Indiana

Westminster, Maryland

Imlay City, Michigan

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Caldwell, New Jersey

Roswell, New Mexico

Buffalo, New York

Tonawanda, New York

Hendersonville, North Carolina

New Bern, North Carolina

Wilmington, North Carolina

Cincinnati, Ohio

Wren, Ohio

Grants Pass, Oregon

Beaumont, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Hondo, Texas

Des Moines, Washington

Madison, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 19, 2010, AmyMorie from Green Cove Springs, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

I discovered this plant thanks to the growers at Farmlab, Los Angeles. Grows wonderfully in my front yard edible garden. Deep red-burgandy leaves. I've taken a harvest of of leaves for cooking from plants over the course of a season, then trimmed and harvested for grain, and am enjoying a second round of low bloom on thick stems that now resemble rhubarb's bright red color.


On Jul 12, 2008, Tetrazygia from Miami, FL (Zone 10b) wrote:

Although Amaranths are found the world over, Amaranthus cruentus is not native to India or elsewhere in Asia or the Old World. This particular species (along with its closest relatives) is native to Central and South America.


On Jan 15, 2008, Chickadee12 from Brookfield, CT (Zone 5b) wrote:

While a friend of mine was out for the day, I stopped by and planted 6 of these around her flagpole. When she returned, she was absolutely thrilled. She loved them even more when she saw how big they grew over the next couple of weeks. She gets lovely compliments from anyone who walks by, and people ask her what kind of plant they are. She sends these people to me, and, until now. I had forgotten what they were. Now I'm looking for seeds to give to anyone who shows interest. This is what I do with plants I love that are too big for my own garden. : )


On Aug 7, 2007, daisyavenue from Long Beach, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

Love this for its color and it fills in my cottage style garden beautifully but I got babies of this plant from another DGer 3 years ago and now all of my neighbors have it too. Not that it is not under-appreciated in this neighborhood! It is commonly used as a popcorn tasting grain mixed with honey to make Alegria (Spanish for happiness) in Mexico where a lot of my neighbors are from. The Aztecs actually would make sand painting style images of their gods in a mixture of the seeds and honey and eat them and the European priests saw it as being too similar to Communion so they banned the growth of amaranth. Also used around the world for its stalk and leaves as nutritious food (has a very high source of vegetable protein) although re-heating cooked greens is said to change the nitrates to ... read more


On Aug 5, 2007, Lala_Jane from North West, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

This could be considered by some to be a nuisance due to it's prolific self-seeding, but to me it is well worth the extra "weeding." I allow 3-4 of these to grow in a grouping and they make such a bold statement that people have actually knocked on my door to comment on their striking appearance.


On May 31, 2007, DaddyNature from Atlanta, GA wrote:

I about fell-over, when I saw a grouping of these plants, in a public space. Naturally, I stopped my car, reversed to the public garden and took a closer look. I grabbed a paper bag and easily collected the tiny black seed....and found a small specimen to take with me. I kept the specimen alive during the winter, which got caught in a late Spring frost, on my deck, and died. The seed have grown very easily. The seed that I threw-out on the ground grew better than the ones I placed in flower pots. My only concern for this Red Amaranth is that it might take-over a garden......however, the plant is so incredibly gorgeous that I'm willing to take that risk. :)


On Aug 16, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This plant appears in abandoned urban terrains of the brazilian countryside, apparently prefering the rich, acidic, porous, and moderately moist soil of that region. Also will prosperate under intense solar radiation. May be a nuisance on gardens under these conditions, though itīs beautiful, ressembling the ornamental Amaranthus caudatus by the long, red blooms.


On Aug 29, 2001, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Amaranthus cruentus is a bold ornamental plant, native to India, the Philippines and other warm countries.

'cruentus' implies bloody or gory, referring to the foliage as well as the colorful tassles that adorn this plant throughout the growing season.